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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Pesachim 53


(a) It is permitted to eat from ...
1. ... the grapes in the house 'Ad she'Yechalu Dali'os she'be'Avel'.
What are 'Dali'os she'be'Avel'? Is it ever possible to eat after this time?
2. ... olives until the last olives in the fields in Teko'a or in Gush Chalav are finished.
What does this mean?
3. ... dried figs as long as there are Pagei Beis Hini still in the fields.
What does Rebbi Yehudah say about Pagei Beis Hini?
4. ... dates, as long as there are still dates to be found in the fields of Tzavar.
The above dates coincide with the times given in another Beraisa: grapes until Pesach, olives until Shavu'os, dried figs until Chanukah and dates until Purim. How else can we reconcile the two seemingly different time lists?
(b) What does Rav Bibi quoting Rebbi Yochanan say about the final date for dried figs and dates in connection with the latter Beraisa?
(a) What do the following mean:
  1. Si'man le'Harim, Milin?
  2. Siman la'Amakim, Dekalim?
  3. Si'man li'Nechalim, Kanim?
  4. Si'man li'Shefalah, Shikmah?
(b) What are the Halachic ramifications of the above? Why do we need to know the definition of 1. a mountain? 2. a valley? 3. a wadi? 4. a plain?
(a) Why do some places have the Minhag not to sell small animals (such as sheep and goats) to non-Jews?

(b) And why, in any event, is selling them large animals (horses and cows) prohibited?

(c) According to the Tana Kama, may one sell them animals horses, shall we say, that are too young to work, or wounded animals that are unable to work?

(d) Rebbi Yehudah permits the sale of wounded animals to gentiles.
What does Ben Beseira permit?

(a) What is the reason for the Minhag not to eat roasted meat at the Seder?

(b) Is this confined to an animal that was designated for Pesach when it was still alive, or does it make no difference when it is designated?

(c) Why does the prohibition not apply to designating wheat for Pesach? Why might we have thought that it does?

(a) What custom did Todos from Rome institute?

(b) What message did the Chachamim send to him?

(c) What does the Gemara ask on Rav (who forbade designating one's animal for Pesach) from the Lashon 'Mekulasin'?

(d) How do we reconcile the two?

(a) The author of the Beraisa concerning Todos from Rome is quoted as being Rebbi Yossi. Rav Acha quotes Rebbi Shimon. The Mishnah in Erchin says, 'Rebbi Shimon Poter, she'Lo Hisnadev ke'Derech ha'Misnadvin'.
What is the Mishnah referring to, and what does it mean?

(b) How does this clash with Rav Acha?

(c) The Gemara accepts this Kashya on Rav Acha. But not before it has retorted that establishing the Beraisa like Rebbi Yossi does not appear to be any better, since Rebbi Shimon himself follows the opinion of Rebbi Yossi.
What presumption does the Gemara make in order to ask this Kashya? What is the Kashya?

(d) What is the answer?

Answers to questions



(a) The Gemara asks whether Todos from Rome was a great man (a scholar) or a bully.
What difference does it make which of the two he was?

(b) What is the answer, and what is the proof?

(c) What do we Darshen from the Pasuk in Koheles "Ki be'Tzel ha'Chochmah be'Tzel ha'Kesef", and what does this have to do with Todos from Rome?

(a) What are the two Minhagim regarding kindling lights in all the rooms on Yom Kipur night, and what are their respective reasons?

(b) Everyone agrees that one *does* however, light in the Batei Kenesiyos and the Batei Medrashos.
In which other two areas may one light according to all opinions?

(c) How does Rava explain the Pasuk in Yeshayah "ve'Amech Kulam Tzdikim, Le'olam Yirshu Aretz"?

(a) Rav Yehudah Amar Shmuel says that the Berachah of 'Borei Me'orei ha'Esh' is confined to Motza'ei Shabbos.
Why is that?

(b) Why did Ula give Rabah bar bar Chanah a dirty look?

(c) Why would Rebbi Yochanan not have said such a thing?

(d) Why should one recite the Berachah over light on Motza'ei Yom Kipur?

(a) Rabah bar bar Chanah corrected Ula. When he quoted Rebbi Yochanan, he was referring to a comment Rebbi Yochanan had made on the Beraisa, which quotes Rebbi Shimon ben Elazar as saying that when Yom Kipur falls on Shabbos, everyone agrees that one kindles the lights because of Kevod Shabbos.
What did Rebbi Yochanan comment on that?

(b) Did Ula accept Rabah bar bar Chanah's new statement?

(c) To whom did Rav Yosef apply the Pasuk in Mishlei ...

  1. ... "Mayim Amukim Eitzah be'Lev Ish"?
  2. ... "ve'Ish Tevunah Yidlenah"?
Answers to questions
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