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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Pesachim 51


(a) Rav Yosef ruled that a Zar (a non-Kohen) should eat the Chalah which the residents of Chuza'i separated from their rice in front of them (i.e. to demonstarate to them that their Chalah was totally invalid).
What did Abaye ask him from the Beraisa of 'Devarim ha'Mutarim va'Acherim Nohagin Bahen Isur' ... ?

(b) Rav Yosef tried to answer that "that* was confined to Kutim (who tend to look for leniencies), but did not apply to anybody else.
On what grounds does the Gemara reject this?

(c) What was Rav Ashi's final ruling in this matter? On what authority did he rule leniently at all?

(a) In Kevul, it was customary for two brothers not to bathe in the same bathe-house simultaneously.
What happened when Yehudah and Hillel, sons of Raban Gamliel, did so? Did they take any notice of the complainers?

(b) A similar episode took place with the two brothers in Biri, with regard to the wearing of Kurdekison on Shabbos.
What are 'Kurdekison', and why did the Birians maintain that they should not be worn on Shabbos?

(c) And a third episode took place in Acco, regarding sitting on gentile benches on Shabbos.
Why were the inhabitants of Acco particular not to do that?

(d) How does Rav Chisda explain all these cases, where Yehudah and Hillel, Raban Gamliel's sons, declined to correct the people on their mistaken Minhag, because of 'Devarim ha'Mutarim, va'Acheirim Nohagin Bahen Isur, I Ata Rashai Lehatiran Bifeneihem' - despite the fact that they were not Kutim?

(a) With which two relatives, besides one's father and father-in-law, may one not bathe, and what is the reason for this?

(b) Which two of these does Rebbi Yehudah permit, and why?

(c) Why did the residents of Kevul prohibit bathing with one's brother?

(d) Another Beraisa adds a Talmid with his Rebbe to the list. Is this prohibition absolute?

(a) What is d'Ayatra? Is it Shuman or Chelev?

(b) Rabah bar bar Chanah was eating Daytera in Bavel, when two local Talmidei-Chachamim came to visit him.
What did he do that upset them?

(c) What did Rebbi Avuha mean when he said to them 'Shavinchu ke'Kuta'i!'?

(a) In order to reconcile Rabah bar bar Chanah with our Mishnah (which teaches that one is obligated to adopt the strict Minhagim of the local inhabitants), Abaye differentiates between traveling from Eretz Yisrael to Bavel and any other combination.
What is the difference?

(b) How does Rav Ashi answer the Kashya, even assuming there is no difference between Eretz Yisrael and Bavel?

(c) What did Rabah bar bar Chanah tell his son regarding d'Aytera?

(d) What did he quote Rebbi Yochanan ben Elazar as saying with regard to eating wild cabbages in the Shemitah, that clashes with what he himself just said?

Answers to questions



(a) Sefichim are forbidden in the Shemitah year.
What are 'Sefichim'?

(b) Rebbi Shimon permits Sefichim of cabbages.
Is that *before* or *after* the Z'man ha'Bi'ur?

(c) What do the Rabbanan say and what is *their* reason?

(d) Are the opinions of Rebbi Shimon and the Rabbanan their own?

(a) What problem does Rebbi Akiva have with the Pasuk in Behar "Hen Lo Nizra, ve'Lo Ne'esof es Tevu'aseinu"?

(b) How does he resolve it?

(a) What is the problem with the Seifa of our Mishnah, which seemingly obligates someone from a place where work is *not* done, to do work in a place where it *is*, to avoid Machlokes?

(b) Abaye answers simply 'a'Reisha'.
What does he mean?

(c) How does Rava resolve the Kashya even if the reason of Machlokes refers to the Seifa, as well?

9) May someone in Chutz la'Aretz who happens to know that it was the first day which the Sanhedrin fixed, do Melachah on the second day of Yom-Tov ...
  1. ... if he lives in a town?
  2. ... if he is spending Yom-Tov in an uninhabited area?

Answers to questions
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