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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Pesachim 49


(a) 'Arba'ah-Asar she'Chal Liheyos be'Shabbos, Meva'arin es ha'Kol Milifenei ha'Shabbos, Divrei Rebbi Meir'.
What does 'ha'Kol' come to include?

(b) What do the Chachamim say?

(c) What compromise does Rebbi Elazar b'Rebbi Tzadok make?

(a) What Halachah does someone who is on his way to his Se'udas Erusin share with someone who is on his way to Shecht the Korban Pesach or to fulfill the Mitzvah of B'ris Milah?

(b) Why do they not need to return, to fulfill the Mitzvah of Bi'ur Chametz, when there is not sufficient time to perform both Mitzvos?

(c) In which way does the Din of somebody who is on his way to save his fellow-Jew's life or property differ from the above?

(d) In which case must a person return to perform Bi'ur Chametz even when he will not have time to accomplish both missions?

(a) When is a person who has carried Kodesh meat outside the walls of Yerushalayim obligated to go back, and when may he burn it where he is?

(b) Where must he burn it if he *does* need to return, and what fuel does he use?

(c) What do the two above Halachos have in common according to the opinions of Rebbi Meir and Rebbi Yehudah respectively?

(d) What do the Chachamim say?

(a) The Gemara reconciles our Mishnah, which considers a Se'udas Erusin a Mitzvah, with the Beraisa, which considers it a Se'udas Reshus, in two ways (either according to Rebbi Yossi, or according to Rebbi Yehudah, respectively) .
What are they?

(b) What is a Se'udas Savlonos?

(c) According to Rebbi Yochanan, what does Rebbi Shimon mean when he says in a Beraisa that a Talmid-Chacham is not permitted to attend a Se'udah she'Einah shel Mitzvah?

(d) What will happen in the case of a marriage of either a Bas Kohen to a Yisrael or of a Bas Talmid-Chacham to an Am ha'Aretz?

(a) Then how do we understand Rebbi Yochanan, who himself said that someone who marries a Bas Kohen is destined to become wealthy?

(b) What do the following have in common:

  1. Rebbi Yehoshua, who became sick;
  2. Rav Idi bar Avin, who had two sons who received Semichah;
  3. Rav Papa, who became wealthy;
  4. Rav Kahana, who had to flee into exile in a most unusual manner?
(c) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Amos: "ve'Ochlim Karim mi'Tzon ve'Agalim Mitoch Marbek ... Lachen Ata Yigalu be'Rosh Kol Golim"?

(d) The Amora'im had the most derogatory titles for Talmidei-Chachamim who spend too much time at the dinner-table.
What other devastating results can Talmidei-Chachamim expect, besides the destruction of their houses, and death of their spouses and children, if they forget their priorities and andulge in such material pursuits?

(a) Why should a person be willing to sell all his assets in order to marry the daughter of a Talmid-Chacham?

(b) In what connection does the Gemara cite the Mashal ...

  1. ... 'Invei ha'Gefen be'Invei ha'Gefen'?
  2. ... 'Invei ha'Gefen be'Invei ha'S'neh' (inedible berries)?
(c) Should one not find the daughter of a Talmid-Chacham, he should look for the daughter of 1. Gedolei ha'Dor; 2. the head of the community.
What does 'Gedolei ha'Dor' mean in this context?

(d) If he finds neither of the above, which two other categories should he look for (to marry their daughter)?

Answers to questions



(a) How does the Beraisa describe an Am ha'Aretz and his daughter?

(b) Why is the daughter of an Am ha'Aretz compared to an animal?

(c) In connection with the current Sugya, what does Rebbi learn from the Pasuk in Shemini "Zos Toras ha'Beheimah ve'ha'Of"?

(a) Rebbi Elazar permits tearing open an Am ha'Aretz on Yom Kipur (though this cannot be understood literally - see Agados Maharsha), and forbids accompanying him on a journey.
What is the reason for the latter Din?

(b) Why did he say 'tear him apart' and not 'Shecht him'?

(a) Rebbi Akiva revealed through first-hand experience that it was really the Amei-ha'Aretz who hated the Talmidei-Chachamim more than the Talmidei- Chachamim hate them.
What did he used to say when he was an Am ha'Aretz?

(b) Why did he say 'like a donkey' and not 'like a dog'?

(c) In which way does Rebbi Meir compare someone who marries off his daughter to an Am ha'Aretz, to tying her up in front of a lion?

(d) If the Amei-ha'Aretz hated the Talmidei-Chachamim to such an extent, then why did they not kill them?

(a) To what does the Beraisa quoted by Rebbi Chiya, compare someone who studies Torah in the presence of an Am ha'Aretz, and why?

(b) Amei ha'Aretz hate Talmidei-Chachamim more than gentiles do.
Who hates them even more?

(c) Which kind of Am ha'Aretz hates the Talmid-Chacham the most, and why is that?

(a) Chazal said six things about an Am ha'Aretz 1. One neither invites him to testify, 2. nor does one accept testimony from him; 3. One does not let him into any secrets.
What are the remaining three?

(b) Why does the Tana Kama disagree with the Yesh Omrim, who adds that one does not return his lost articles, to the list?

(a) In our Mishnah, Rebbi Meir considers a k'Beitzah a significant Shiur, and Rebbi Yehudah, even a k'Zayis. Yet when it comes to Zimun (Birchas ha'Mazon), they seem to reverse their opinions. Rebbi Yochanan answers 'Muchlefes ha'Shitah'.
What does he mean by that?

(b) Abaye disagrees with Rebbi Yochanan. According to him, Birchas ha'Mazon is different, because the Torah writes in Eikev "ve'Achalta ve'Sa'Va'ata u'Verachta".
How does ...

  1. ... Rebbi Meir explain this Pasuk?
  2. ... Rebbi Yehudah explain it?
(c) What are the respective reasons of Rebbi Meir (who considers a k'Beitzah important in our Sugya) and Rebbi Yehudah (who considers a k' Zayis important)?
13) Rebbi Nasan has a third opinion, which is a lone opinion.
What is it?

Answers to questions
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