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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Pesachim 42


(a) The Pasuk in Emor writes "Shor O Seh Saru'a ve'Kalut ... Nedavah Ta'aseh Oso".
What does 'Nedavah' mean in this context?

(b) What prohibition do we learn from here?

(c) According to the Rabbanan of Rebbi Yehudah, one will only have transgressed an Asei.
Seeing as this is a prohibition, what makes it an Asei, and not a Lo Sa'aseh?

(d) According to Rebbi Yehudah, "va'Yedaber Hashem El Moshe Leimor" implies a La'av. In which two ways can this be understood?

2) When does the water used by a Matzah baker to wash his hands not need to be poured out on a slope?


(a) What was the reaction of the residents of Papunya when Rav Masna taught them to use 'Mayim she'Lanu' for baking Matzos shel Mitzvah?

(b) What did he really mean, and what is the reason for it?

(c) The women (who commonly did the Matzah-baking in those days) were forbidden to bake in the sun (this prohibition is not confined to a sunny day. See Rosh Si'man 31).
May a woman use water that was heated (but which has now cooled down) ...

  1. ... by fire?
  2. ... by the sun?
  3. ... by a copper urn which was not actually heated now?
(d) What else must she be careful ...
  1. ... not to do until she has finished baking?
  2. ... to do whilst preparing the dough for baking?
(a) If a woman kneaded the Matzah dough with hot water (even by mistake - see Rosh Si'man 31, Rav Ashi forbids the dough on Pesach due to a K'nas (a fine for disregarding Chazal's instructions).
How does Mar Zutra prove that it is permitted, from the Din of Lesisah which we learned above (on 40a)?

(b) On what grounds does Rav Ashi reject this proof?

(c) Why then according to Rav Ashi, did they not also forbid dough prepared by a gentile (as long as no signs of Chimutz have appeared in it)?

***** Hadran Alach, 'Kol Sha'ah'! *****

***** Perek ve'Elu Ovrin *****


(a) 've'Elu Ovrin ba'Pesach: Kutach ha'Bavli' ...
What does 've'Elu Ovrin' mean?

(b) Kutach ha'Bavli comprises whey (a by-product of milk), Sedomis-salt and bread (that eventually becomes moldy).
Which three harmful side-effects result from its three ingredients?

(c) What three harmful side-effects result from eating 1. bread made from coarse flour, 2. fresh beer and 3. raw vegetables?

(d) Will one suffer from eating the latter just once?

Answers to questions



(a) Bread made from fine flour, fat meat and old wine have the opposite effect of the three foods mentioned above (though modern medicine may well not agree with this)
What is meant by ...
  1. ... fat meat?
  2. ... old wine?
(b) Most food that is good for one limb is harmful to another. The three above-mentioned are exceptions; *they* are good for the whole body.
Which other two kinds of foods are generally healthy, and have no harmful side- effects?
(a) Why is barley-beer called 'Shechar ha'Madi'?

(b) What is 'Chometz ha'Edomi'?

(c) What does Chometz ha'Edomi have to do with Edom, and what is the connection with the Pasuk in Yechezkel "Imal'ah ha'Charavah", and the Pasuk in Toldos "u'Le'om mi'Le'om Ye'amatz"?

(a) Why was the wine-vinegar that they used to buy from an Am ha'Aretz in Yehudah, Patur from Demai, but Chayav in the time of Rebbi Yehudah? What changed?

(b) How do we initially reconcile this with Rebbi Yehudah himself, who rules that wine made from dregs must be Ma'asered?

(c) In the second answer, the Amei ha'Aretz are indeed suspect of not Ma'asering dregs.
How do we then reconcile Rebbi Yehudah's two seemingly contradictory statements?

(d) Why do the Rabbanan exempt even wine made from dregs from Ma'aser?

(a) According to Rav Yosef, Zeisum ha'Mitzri comprises one third barley, one third, saffron and one third, salt.
Rav Papa replaces barley for something else.
What is it, and how will we remember who says which?

(b) How did they prepare Zeisum ha'Mitzri, and when would they take it?

(c) What purpose did it serve?

(d) Who is well-advised to keep away from it?

(a) 'Zoman shel Tzava'in' is described as 'Mei Subin (Rashi) de'Tzav'i Behu Lava (or Lacha)'.
What does this mean?

(b) What is 'Amilan shel Tabachin', and what is its use?

(c) 'Kolan shel Sofrin' is described as 'Pirura de'Ushchefi'.
What is that and why then, does the Tana call it 'Kolan shel *Sofrin*'?

(a) Rav Shimi from Chuzna'a explains 'Kolan shel Sofrin' as 'Tipulan shel Benos Ashirim'.
What does this mean?

(b) The Gemara however, refutes his contention on the basis of Rebbi Chiya, who quoted a Beraisa 'Arba'ah Minei Medinah, u'Sheloshah Minei Umnus'.
What exactly, does this mean?

Answers to questions
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