(Permission is granted to print and redistribute this material
as long as this header and the footer at the end are included.)


prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

Previous daf

Pesachim 13


(a) Rav Nachman, quoting Rav, rules like Rebbi Yehudah, that Chametz is Mutar be'Hana'ah in the fifth hour, but may not be eaten.
What problem does the Gemara have with this, from the Mishnah in 'Kol Sha'ah' - 'Kol Sha'ah she'Mutar Le'echol, Ma'achil'?

(b) The Gemara answers that, due to its wording, the author of the Mishnah must be Raban Gamliel.
What does this mean? What does Raban Gamliel say?

(c) Usually, we have a principle 'Halachah ke'Divrei ha'Machri'a'.
Why is Raban Gamliel not considered a Machri'a?

(d) Alternatively, Rav holds like the Tana of the Beraisa, who rules like Rebbi Elazar ben Yehudah Ish Bartosa, quoting Rebbi Yehoshua.
What does *he* say?

(a) The Rabanan maintain that one should not destroy Terumah Tehorah, in case one finds Kohanim who are willing to eat it.
What is their counter- argument to Rebbi Elazar ben Yehudah, who claims that, if, by this late hour (Shabbos, Erev Pesach), they have not found Kohanim to eat the Terumah-Chametz, they will be most unlikely to find any now?

(b) How does Rebbi Elazar ben Yehudah counter that from Teluyos (which are forbidden)?

(c) What do the Chachamim answer to that?

(d) Why is the fact that the Tana in the Beraisa rules like Rebbi Elazar ben Yehudah no proof for Rav, who rules like Rebbi Yehudah that even Terumas-Chametz is forbidden in the fifth hour (like Rebbi Yehudah)?

(a) The Gemara suggests that Rebbi too, holds like Rebbi Elazar ben Yehudah.
On which episode (involving Yochanan Chakuka'ah) is this suggestion based?

(b) How does Rav Yosef reject that contention?

(c) If Rebbi really follows the opinion of Rebbi Meir, then why did he instruct Yochanan Chakuka'ah to sell the Chametz? Why could he not buy it himself?

(a) The source for this is a Beraisa which deals with a Gabai Tzedakah. What does the Beraisa say?

(b) From which Pasuk in Mas'ei is this concept derived?

(a) Rav Yosef just suggested that Rebbi instructed Yochanan Chakuka'ah to sell the Terumas-Chametz to *Jews* - like Rebbi Meir.
In fact, he forgot what he had originally said, before he became ill, and forgot his learning.
How did he originally explain Rebbi's ruling?

(b) What is the connection between Rebbi's ruling here and that of Raban Shimon ben Gamliel in Bava Metzi'a, with regard to a deposit of corn that is going bad?

(c) Why might even the Rabbanan, who argue there with Raban Shimon ben Gamliel, agree with Rebbi in our case, that one may sell the Chametz in the fifth hour?

Answers to questions



(a) Rebbi Yehudah in our Mishnah, maintains that they would place two Pasul Todah-loaves on the shelter surrounding the Har Habayis.
Is the correct text 'Al Gav ha'Itztava' or 'Al Gabei ha'Itztava' and why is that?

(b) What did Rachba testify (regarding the Itztavah) in the name of his Rebbe, Rav Yehudah?

(a) Why were the breads of the Korban Todah, Pasul?

(b) Why did they have to be brought on the *thirteenth* of Nisan? Why could they not have been brought on the *fourteenth*?

(a) According to Rebbi Yanai, the loaves were not *really* Pasul.
What does that mean? Why are such loaves less Pasul than those which were Pasul be'Linah in the first explanation?

(b) Why could they not just re-place the lost Todah, and bring the breads together with the new one?

(c) Had it been the bread that got lost, they *could* simply have re- placed it.
Why is that?

(d) Rebbi Yanai however, could not have given the above explanation, because, if the Todah was lost, there is no reason why the loaves could not have been redeemed. What *did* Rebbi Yanai then say, and who must be the author of our Mishnah (i.e. whose opinion does Rebbi Yehudah follow)?

(a) What status do the loaves have prior to the Shechitah of the animal?

(b) According to Rebbi, they adopt Kedushas ha'Guf already after the Shechitah.
What does Rebbi Elazar b'Rebbi Shimon hold?

(c) How do we reconcile Rebbi Yanai's interpretation of our Mishnah, even according to Rebbi Elazar b'Rebbi Shimon, by establishing the latter like his father?

10) The Machlokes between Rebbi and Rebbi Elazar b'Rebbi Shimon concerns a case when the Kivsei Atzeres (the two lambs of the communal Shelamim that was brought on Shavu'os) were Shechted Lishman (with the correct intention), but their blood was sprinkled she'Lo Lishman.
Does this mean that the sacrifice is invalidated and that it must subsequently be burnt?


(a) Rebbi Elazar in a Beraisa disagrees with Rebbi Yehudah in our Mishnah. What kind of Todah-loaves were used according to him?

(b) Aba Shaul in another Beraisa, has a third opinion. According to him, they did not use Todah-loaves to mark the fifth and six hours, but something else.
What was it?

Answers to questions
Next daf

For further information on
subscriptions, archives and sponsorships,
contact Kollel Iyun Hadaf,