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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Pesachim 4


(a) Who was Ayvu?

(b) How could Rav be the son of both Rebbi Chiya's brother and his sister?

(c) Which two questions did Rebbi Chiya ask Rav when he came from Bavel, and what do we learn from Rav's reply?

(d) When Rebbi Chiya understood that his brother and sister were both no longer alive, he instructed his servant to remove his (Rebbi Chiya's) shoes, and to then carry his fresh clothes after him to the bath-house. Which three Halachos did he teach us?

(a) What did people comment about the man who would constantly say 'Come, let's go to a judge!'?

(b) And what did they say about the man who would always sing the praises of the sea-shore. 'Even a bush by the sea-shore', he would say, 'is like a tall tree elsewhere!'?

(a) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Vayeira "Vayashkem Avraham ba'Boker"?

(b) Why does that present us with a Kashya on our Mishnah: 'Or le'Arba'ah- Asar Bodkin es he'Chametz'? Why would this not have been difficult had Or meant light?

(c) For which two reasons *did* Chazal institute Bedikas Chametz at *night-time*?

(d) What should one not therefore do once the time for Bedikas Chametz arrives?

(a) The Gemara asks who will be obligated to search for Chametz by a house that was rented on the fourteenth (on the assumption that the owner had not yet fulfilled the Mitzvah).
What are the two sides of the Sha'aleh?

(b) Why is there no proof from the Beraisa, which obligates the hirer to affix the Mezuzah? Why is Bedikas Chametz any different?

(c) What is the Gemara's conclusion?

Answers to questions



(a) The Gemara asks whether someone who rents an apartment on the morning of the fourteenth can assume that the owner searched for Chametz, or must he now perform the search.
How do we try to resolve this from the Beraisa, which legitimizes anyone, even women, slaves and children (who are not normally eligible to give testimony) to testify on the fourteenth, that the owner of a certain house searched for Chametz the previous night?

(b) What precedent do we have for this regarding the Din of Ma'asros?

(c) Considering that the previous Din concerns 'Chaverim' only, the proof itself is not fool-proof.
Why does the Lashon of the Beraisa 'ha'Kol Ne'emanim al Bi'ur Chametz' negate that explanation?

(d) If we adopt the alternative explanation - namely, that the house is considered examined only because of the testimony of the woman etc., why will we not be able to prove that the house per se, does not have a Chazakah of having been examined? How do we finally establish the Beraisa, and why are they believed?

6) They asked whether someone who rents a house on the thirteenth (see Tosfos DH 'ha'Maskir), or on the fourteenth (see Ritvo), on the understanding that it is Chametz-free, and then discovers that it is not, can they then claim that it is a 'false sale', and negate the conditions of the rental. How does Abaye resolve this Sha'aleh?


(a) Both Rebbi Meir and Rebbi Yehudah (who argue over eating Chametz in the final hour before midday), agree that Chametz is forbidden after mid- day - min ha'Torah.
How do we know that it is not just a Rabbinical prohibition?

(b) Why can we not take the Pasuk in Bo "Ach *ba'Yom ha'Rishon* Tashbisu" literally?

(c) How do we know that it does not come to preclude the Pasuk of "Shiv'as *Yamim* Se'or Lo Yimatzei" - i.e. that "Shiv'as Yamim" forbids the *day* of the fifteenth, and "Ach ba'Yom ha'Rishon", that he must begin destroying it as soon as the night begins (and not just before daybreak)?

Answers to questions
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