ANSWERS TO REVIEW QUESTIONS
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous dafPesachim 121
PESACHIM 120-121 (25-26 Kislev) - the Daf study material for the first day
of Chanukah has been dedicated to the memory of Hagaon Rav Yisrael Zev
Gustman ZaTZaL (author of "Kuntresei Shiurim"), whose Shiurim lit the eyes
of many, by his students.
(a) 'Zevach' applies either to the Chagigah of the fourteenth or to Nedarim
and Nedavos (e.g. Shelamim).
(b) The reason that Rebbi Akiva obligates a separate Berachah over the
Pesach and the Zevach - is because if one makes Shefichah with the blood of
the Zevach or Zerikah with that of the Pesach, one is not Yotze.
(c) Rebbi Yishmael agrees with Rebbi Akiva with regard to the Berachah over
the Pesach - because Shefichah does not incorporate Zerikah (and if one
therefore made Zerikah with the blood of the Pesach one would not be Yotze),
but not regarding the Berachah over the Zevach (where one *would* be Yotze,
if one made Shefichah instead of Zerikah, because Zerikah incorporates
(a) Rebbi Yishmael learns from the Pasuk "ve'Dam Zevachecha Yishafech" -
that the Pasach must be poured and not sprinkled.
(b) Presumably, Rebbi Akiva too, will agree with that.
(c) Zerikah comprised the Kohen holding the bowl in his hands, and
sprinkling the blood from a distance on two diagonally-opposite corners of
the Mizbei'ach (i.e. the north-eastern and the south-western corners)
whereas by Shefichah, the Kohen stood on the Yesod, right next to the
Mizbei'ach, and poured the blood at his feet on to the Yesod.
(d) The only Korban that requires neither Zerikah nor Shefichah - is the
Chatas. To sprinkle the blood of the Chatas, the Kohen had to dip his hand
into the bowl, and then to sprinkle it on to each of the four corners of the
(a) The two Berachos that are recited at a Pidyon ha'Ben are 'Baruch ... Al
Pidyon ha'Ben' and 'Shehechiyanu'.
This Sugya is inserted here - because, like the Din of the Mishnah on the
previous Amud, it deals with one person who is confronted with two
connected Berachos and a Sha'leh of whether he recites one of them or both.
(b) The father is the one who performs the Mitzvah of redeeming his first-
born son, therefore he is obviously the one to recite the first Berachah.
(c) Nevertheless, the Gemara initially thinks that it may be the Kohen who
recites 'Shehechiyanu', since *he* is the one to benefit (financially) - and
in most cases, 'Shehechiyanu' is connected with physical pleasure or
(d) In fact, the Gemara concludes, it is the father who recites
'Shehechiyanu', too (because the aspect of Mitzvah over-rides that of
***** Hadran Alach 'Arvei Pesachim', u'Selika Lach Maseches Pesachim! *****
On to Shekalim