ANSWERS TO REVIEW QUESTIONS
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous dafPesachim 111
(a) Defecating between a date-palm and a wall is only dangerous if ...
1. ... the palm is less than four Amos from the wall (because then the demon
does not have sufficient space to pass).
(b) It is safe to pass between two palm-trees - if a road passes in between
2. ... there is no alternative route for the demon to pass.
(c) Drinking borrowed water is dangerous ...
(d) To pass over water that was poured out is dangerous only if ...
- ... only if it was borrowed by a child, but not if it was a grown-up who borrowed it.
- ... only if the child borrowed the water in a field, but not if he borrowed it in town.
- ... but not borrowed wine or beer?
- ... the sun did not shine on it or if sixty people did not step over it.
- ... one *walks* over it, but not if one is riding a *donkey*.
- ... one walks over it *bare-footed*, but not if one is wearing shoes.
(a) The shoes of that man who walked over water that was poured out
withered, and his leg dried up.
(b) We learned earlier that the danger only exists when one walks bare-
footed - as far as the danger of demons is concerned, but the danger of
witchcraft still remains.
(a) One should not walk in between two dogs, two date-palms or two women,
nor should one allow two men to pass one on either side of a dog, a date-
palm or a woman.
(b) Some include a pig in this list, and others, a snake.
(c) If a woman who is at the *beginning* of her Nidus-period walks in
between two men, she is likely to cause one of them to die, and if she was
at the *end* of her Nidus - she would cause them to quarrel.
(d) Should someone find himself in any of the above situations, he should
recite one of two Pesukim said by Bil'am: "*Keil* Motzi'am mi'Mitzrayim ...
Mah Pa'al *Keil*" or "*Lo* Ish Keil vi'Yechazev ... ve'*Lo* Yekimenah" -
both of which end with the same word as that with which they begin.
(a) Should one come across two women sitting by the crossroads on opposite
sides of the street, facing each other, they are certainly busy casting
spells. If it is not possible to take a different route - then they should
link hands and walk past together (so that neither of them walks in between
(b) If someone meets a woman coming up from her Tevilas Mitzvah, in order to
overcome the uncontrollable urge to commit adultery that will overcome
whichever of them does Tashmish first - they should say "Shofech Buz Al
(c) If the Beraisa that warns against sleeping under a date-palm in a
courtyard is speaking when the shadow of another date-palm does *not* falls
across it - then why does it mention the courtyard, since this will apply
equally to a single date-palm in a field. We must therefore say that the
Beraisa mentions the courtyard to teach us that there, it is forbidden to
sleep under the shade of a single date-palm even if the shade of another
palm *does* fall across it.
(d) It is unsafe to walk in the shadows cast by the wall when the moon is
shining - because the demons are afraid to walk in the light, and make a
point of walking in the shade. It is however, safe to do so at the beginning
of the month, when the moon shines in the west, casting a shadow towards the
(a) Someone who ...
(b) If someone steps over the stump of a date-palm ...
- ... defecates on a date-palm that has been cut down - will become paralyzed.
- ... lays his head on it - will get a head-ache in half his head.
(c) Nothing however, will happen, if one places one's feet on it.
- ... and it is later chopped down - he will be killed.
- ... and it subsequently dies - he too, will die.
(a) Five shades are dangerous because they are frequented by the demons,
including the shade of a lone date-palm, a caper-bush and a willow -tree.
Others add the shade of a boat.
(b) The two factors that determine which type of wood is dangerous - are the
hardness of the wood and the size of the shade.
(c) A she-demon told her son to keep away from the 'K'ra Masa', which killed
his father and it would also kill him.
(a) Ruchi frequents the caper-bush, Shida the sorb-tree and Rishpi, the
(b) We need to know this, and the fact that a sorb tree that is close to the
town contains at least sixty Sheidim - in order to know what sort of
Kemei'ah to write in each case.
(c) The demon of the caper-bush (Ruchi) has no eyes. It is useful to know
this - because it makes running away that much easier.
(a) When the demons said (about the Talmid-Chacham who did not know that at
least sixty demons frequent a sorb-tree) 'Sudra de'Mar ke'Tzurba
me'Rabbanan. Bedikna Bei de'Lo Yada Baruch' - they meant that he wore a
Sudar (the special head-gear worn by Talmidei-Chachamim) like a Talmid-
Chacham, but that he was not really one at all. 'Baruch' refers to the
Berachah 'Oter Yisrael be'Sif'arah' (i.e. that he did not know how to recite
the relevant Berachah on wearing a Sudar).
(b) 'Bar Kasha de'Masa' - was the town-policeman.
(c) Eventually, a Talmid-Chacham who *did* know that at least sixty demons
frequent a sorb-tree came and wrote the appropriate Kemei'ah, and the demons
(a) Ketev-Meriri operates *before* mid-day, and Ketev-Yashud- Tzaharayim
(b) Ketev-Meriri appears in a jar of Kutach with a ladle stirring it, and
Ketev-Yashud-Tzaharayim on the horn of a goat with a wing or a sieve going
(c) When Abay saw a Ketev-Yashud-Tzaharayim coming towards him on his left,
he switched Rav Papa to his left-hand side - because his Mazel was currently
good (i.e. he was currently enjoying a run of success).
(d) Ketev-Yashud-Tzaharayim is common from the first of Tamuz until the
sixteenth. From the seventeenth and onwards we are unsure whether it is
common or not.
(a) Besides by the shade of the Chatzav-tree that has not yet grown to the
height of one Amah, one is also likely to find the Ketev-Yashud-Tzaharayim -
by the morning and evening shadows that are less than an Amah long.
(b) His main haunt however - is by the shadows of the bath-room.
(a) Rav Yosef lists three things that cause blindness: someone who combs his
hair when it is dry and someone who drinks wine that drips from the barrel -
and someone who puts on his shoes after washing his feet, before they have
(b) Someone who suspends his *bread* in a basket in the house - is heading
for poverty ...
(c) ... but not happen someone who suspends meat or fish.
(a) Poverty is also caused by leaving crumbs around the house or by placing
the dish on top of the wine-barrel.
(b) The demons operate on Tuesday and Friday nights.
(c) Naval does not frequent those houses where one handles bread with
(d) Nakid is the angel in charge of handling those who leave crumbs lying
(a) Someone who drinks water in a plate - will discover his eyesight
(b) someone who does not wash his hands after ...
(c) The unusual feature that all of these fears have in common - is that
they will all not know *why* they are afraid.
- ... eating cress - for *thirty* days,
- ... letting blood from the shoulders - will be afraid for *seven* days
- ... cutting his hair - for *three* days, and
- ... cutting his nails - for *one* day.