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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Pesachim 100



(a) When Rebbi Yirmiyah quoting Rebbi Yochanan, rules like Rebbi Yehudah by Erev Pesach (implying that Rebbi Yossi *argues*) - he is referring, not to the prohibition of beginning a meal (with which Rebbi Yossi agrees), but with interrupting a meal which they begun eating be'Heter - before Minchah; according to Rebbi Yehudah, they are obligated to stop eating when Shabbos enters, to remove the table and to recite Birchas ha'Mazon, before bringing it in specially in honor of the Shabbos. Rebbi Yossi disagrees - according to him, one just continues eating when Shabbos enters.

(b) With regard to starting a meal on Erev Shabbos Samuch le'Minchah - Rebbi Yirmiyah rules like Rebbi Yossi, that one is permitted to do so right up to nightfall.

(a) Raban Shimon ben Gamliel wanted to rule stringently on Erev Shabbos - to stop eating and remove the table like Rebbi Yehudah - even though Rebbi Yossi was present. That is why Rebbi Yossi exclaimed in surprise "ha'Gam Lichbosh es ha'Malkah Imi ba'Bayis"? 'Do you want to rule against me even in my presence' - in spite of the fact that he always followed the opinion of Rebbi Yossi (whenever he argued with an individual)?

(b) 'Berivi' means Gadol ha'Dor.

(c) Raban Shimon ben Gamliel accepted Rebbi Yossi's protest - because he only really intended to be *Machmir* like Rebbi Yehudah (not to rule like him), and, he conceded that, by being Machmir in front of Rebbi Yossi, he was encouraging the disciples to assume that the *Halachah* was like Rebbi Yehudah.

(a) Shmuel rules that someone who is eating when Shabbos enters - must spread a cloth over the bread and recite Kidush, but does not need to remove the table and recite Birchas ha'Mazon.

(b) Basically, Shmuel holds like Rebbi Yossi - only he is Machmir to require Kidush there and then (see also Tosfos DH 'Ela Po'res Mapah').

(c) When Shmuel says 'Ke'shem she'Mafsikin le'Kiddush, Kach Mafsikin le'Havdalah' - he means that one must cover the bread and recite Kidush and Havdalah - respectively (so that the bread 'should not be ashamed' that one recites a Berachah over *the wine* and not over *it*. The Rashbam will later explain that we cover the bread, to compensate the original Minhag of not bringing the table until after Kidush (see 4d.)

(d) The Gemara thought that 'Mafsikin' means - removing the table and reciting Birchas ha'Mazon (like we explained it before on the previous Amud).




(a) It was Friday night after they had returned from Shul and had not yet eaten, that Rabah bar Rav Huna was sitting in the Resh Galusa's house, and they brought in the table.

(b) What they *should* have done, was to recite Kidush first, and then to bring in the table with the bread on it.

(c) Rabah bar Rav Huna then covered the bread with a cloth and recited Kidush.

(d) Today, we 'bring in the table' with the bread *before* Kidush - because our tables are too large to carry in and out (formerly, each person used to eat at his own small table, next to which he would recline on a couch.

5) We explain the Beraisa which says ...
1. ... 've'Shavin she'Ein Maschilin' - by Erev Pesach after Minchah Ketanah, where Rebbi Yossi agrees with Rebbi Yehudah that it is forbidden to begin eating.
2. ... 'Shavin she'Maschilin' - to Erev Shabbos and Yom-Tov - before the beginning of the tenth hour, where Rebbi Yehudah agrees that it is permitted to begin, and, having begun be'Heter, they may continue to eat until nightfall.
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