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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Pesachim 95



1. Pesach Rishon is subject to Bal Yera'eh and Bal Yimatzei, if someone in the group possesses Chametz, and it also requires Hallel to be said at the time of eating - whereas neither of these apply to the Pesach Sheini. (Note: One is permitted to have Chametz in the *house* where the Pesach Sheini is being eaten, but not at the same *table*.)
2. Both the Rishon and the Sheini require Hallel to be recited whilst they are being prepared (during the day), they must both be roasted and eaten together with Matzah and Maror, and the Shechitah etc. of both over-rides Shabbos.
(a) From the Pasuk "ke'Chol Chukas ha'Pesach Ya'asu Oso", we include Mitzvos she'be'Gufo in the Pesach Sheini - incorporating the Shechitah and the other Avodos performed on the body of the Pesach, and eating it roasted.

(b) The Mitzvos she'Al Gufo - which "Al Matzos u'Merorim Yochluhu" come to include - comprise eating it together with Matzah and Maror.

(c) Although we learnt from "ke'Chol Chukas ha'Pesach Ya'asu Oso" that Mitzvos she'be'Gufo of the Pesach Sheini are similar to the Pesach Rishon, we still need "ve'Etzem Lo Yishberu Bo" to preclude Mitzvos *she'Lo* Al Gufo, because, since the Torah then writes "Al Matzos u'Merorim Yochluhu' (which are *not* Mitzvos she'be'Gufo), it seems that our initial contention (to *preclude* whatever is not a Mitzvah she'be'Gufo, is not absolutely correct). In fact, maybe we are dealing here with a 'P'rat u'K'lal', which includes everything.

(d) We would have treated it as a 'P'rat u'Ch'lal', and not vice versa - because the P'rat is mentioned first. The reason that we do not treat it as a 'P'rat u'K'lal' - is because if it were, the Torah would only have inserted *one* P'rat; now that it mentions a number of Peratim, it must be treated as a 'K'lal u'F'rat' (on each P'rat individually).

3) 'Mitzvos she'Lo Al Gufo' - comprises "Lo Sishchat Al Chametz Dam Zivchi".


(a) Isi ben Yehudah learns from "ve'Etzem Lo Yishberu Bo" - that even breaking the bones of a Pesach that do not contain marrow is prohibited.

(b) The Rabbanan learn from "ke'Chol Chukas ha'Pesach *Ya'asu* Oso" - 'Ein Shochtin ha'Pesach Al ha'Yachid' (and since the Torah needed to write "Ya'asu", it also added "Oso".

(c) 'de'Kamah de'Efshar Le'ahaduri, Mehadrinan' - means that if there is only one person who is Tamei by Pesach Rishon (who will therefore be the sole person bringing the Pesach Sheini), we try to prevent this from happening - by making one other person a Tamei Sheretz.

(a) The K'lal written by Pesach Sheini is "ke'Chol Chukas ha'Pesach *Ya'asu* Oso".

(b) The Asei of "Al Matzos u'Merorim Yochluhu" includes that of "Tz'li-Esh" and excludes that of "Tashbisu Se'or mi'Bateichem".

(c) The 'La'v ha'Nitak la'Asei' of "Lo Yash'iru Mimenu Ad Boker" includes that of "Lo Sotzi Mimenu" - and excludes those of "Lo Yera'eh" and "Lo Yimatzei".

(d) The 'La'v' (that is not a Nitak la'Asei) of "ve'Etzem Lo Yishberu Bo" includes "Al Tochlu Mimenu Na" - and excludes that of "Lo Sishchat Al Chametz Dam Zivchi".

(a) This Tana considers the La'v of "Lo Sotzi" (see 5c.) a 'La'v ha'Nitak la'Asei' - because the Pasuk implies that even if one took it out, he should take it inside again (see Tosfos DH 'Lo Sotzi'), in which case he is even permitted to eat it.

(b) This explanation is not however, unanimous. According to one opinion (see Daf 85a), someone who eats a piece of Pesach that left its borders, transgresses the La'v of "u'Basar be'Sadeh Tereifah Lo Socheilu".

(c) Someone who transgresses "Lo Yera'eh" and "Lo Yimatzei" is subject to the Asei of "Tashbisu" (until after Yom-Tov), making it 'Nitak la'Asei'.

(d) We *include* the La'v of "Al Tochlu Mimenu Na", and *exclude* that of "Lo Sishchat Al Chametz Dam Zivchi" - because the former is a Mitzvah to do with the body of the Pesach, and it is therefore more logical to include it than the latter, which is not.




(a) We learn from the Pasuk "ha'Shir Yihye Lachem ke'Leil Hiskadesh Chag" - that one only sings Hallel on the night that is sanctified as a Yom-Tov (i.e. Pesach Rishon), but not on Pesach Sheini, which is not a Yom-Tov.

(b) The Gemara gives the logical reason for reciting Hallel during the preparation of the Pesach Sheini as 'how can Yisrael possibly Shecht their Pesachim or take their Lulavim and not sing Hallel'? (Rashi explains that because it is a D'var Mitzvah it requires Hallel - though it is unclear what he means.)

(a) According to the Tana of our Mishnah, the Pesach Sheini does not over- ride Tum'ah - since one of the major reasons that one brings the Pesach Sheini is because the owner was Tamei by the Pesach Rishon, so what sense will it make to bring it now b'Tum'ah?

(b) Rebbi Yehudah argues that the Torah gave him a chance to bring the Pesach Rishon in a state of Taharah. Now that it did not work out, it is better to bring it b'Tum'ah on Pesach Sheini, than not at all.

(c) Although it is clear that both Beraisos (the one which holds that Pesach Sheini does *not* require Linah, and the one which holds that it *does*) follow the opinion of Rebbi Yehudah, we are forced to say that they are learned by two different Tana'im, who argue over what Rebbi Yehudah holds.

(d) Rebbi Yehudah (in one of the above-mentioned Beraisos) learn from the juxtaposition of "Sheshes Yamim Tochal Matzos" to "u'Fanisa va'Boker, ve'Halachta le'Ohalecha" - that it is only when Matzos are eaten for six days (i.e. Pesach Rishon) that Linah applies, but not on Pesach Sheini.

(a) Zavin and Zavos etc., are not included in the Heter of eating a Pesach ha'Ba b'Tum'ah, together with Teme'ei Mes - because the Pasuk "Ish" that is written by Pesach Sheini (and from which we learn that it is only an individual who brings Pesach Sheini, but not a Tzibur), mentions specifically "Tamei la'Nefesh", to preclude Zavin and Zavos from this concession.

(b) We learn from the juxtaposition of "ve'ha'Nefesh Asher Tochal Basar ve'Tum'aso Alav, ve'Nichresah" to "Kol Tahor Yochal Basar" - that it is only when the flesh is eaten by Tehorin, that even Zavin and Zavos, Nidos and Yoldos are Chayav Kares for eating the Pesach, but not a Pesach ha'Ba b'Tum'ah (despite the fact that they forbidden to bring it).

(c) Rebbi Eliezer learns that they are *not* even Chayav for entering the Azarah (by a Pesach ha'Ba b'Tum'ah) either - from the Pasuk "vi'Yeshalchu Min ha'Machaneh Kol Tzaru'a, ve'Chol Zav ve'Chol Tamei la'Nafesh", which compares a Metzora and a Zav to a Tamei Meis, to teach us that whenever a Tamei Meis is Patur from Kareis for entering the Azarah (e.g. by a Pesach ha'Ba b'Tum'ah), a Metzora and a Zav are not Chayav either.

(d) The Rabbanan (above on 67a.) learn from that Pasuk that each of the three is forbidden to enter different Machanos (a Tamei Meis only the Azarah - the Machaneh Shechinah, a Zav even the Har ha'Bayis - the Machaneh Leviyah, and a Metzora even Machaneh Yisrael - outside the walls of every Jewish town.

(a) Kohanim who are Tahor are permitted to enter the Heichal only for the Avodah, but not otherwise (because the Torah writes in Acharei Mos - "ve'Al Yavo ve'Chol Eis El ha'Kodesh").

(b) The Tamei Mes by a Pesach ha'Ba b'Tum'ah might be Patur - because, since he is permitted to enter the *Azarah* in order to bring his Korban Pesach, he will also be Patur for entering the *Heichal*.

(c) Rava Darshens from ...

1. ... "vi'Yeshalchu *Min* ha'Machaneh" (according to the first Lashon) - 'Afilu Miktzas Machaneh' (meaning that sometimes a person has to be sent out from one section of the Machaneh - i.e. the Heichal, even though he is not sent out of the other section i.e. the Azarah), in which case he will be Chayav.
2. ... "vi'Yeshalchu *Min* ha'Machaneh ... mi'Chutz la'Machaneh Teshalechum" (according to the second Lashon) - exactly the opposite: that a person is only sent out of part of the Machaneh Shechinah if he is obligated to leave the entire Machaneh, but as long as he permitted to enter the *one* half, he is not Chayav for entering the *other*.
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