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by Rabbi Ephraim Becker
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld

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Pesachim 98


(a) If one designated a female for a Pesach or a male over a year it must pasture until it becomes blemished.
(b) Such an animal is sold and its proceeds buy Shelamim.
(c) One who designates his Pesach and dies, his son should bring the animal as a Shelamim, not as a Pesach.
(a) [R. Huna b. R. Yehoshua] We learn three things from the Mishnah.
1. Live animals can be rejected.
2. An animal which was never suitable can be rejected.
3. That which is only monetarily designated can be rejected.
(a) [Bereisa] If his son was part of his group, the son can bring the Korban as a Pesach, otherwise it is brought as a Shelamim.
1. It is brought on the 16th, it may not be brought on the 15th.
2. He holds that optional Korbanos may not be brought on Yomtov.
(b) Question: When did the father die?
1. If it was before Chatzos, then the son was already an Onen!
2. If it was after Chatzos then it has been rejected!
(c) Answer: It was before Chatzos and it is brought as a Pesach Sheni.
(d) Answer [Abaye]: The Bereisa is read disjunctively.
1. The Reisha speaks where the father died after Chatzos and the son is appointed to the Korban (it is brought as a Pesach).
2. The Seifa speaks where the father died before Chatzos, and it may be brought as a Shelamim.
(e) Answer [R. Sharvia]: He died after Chatzos but he was a Goses before Chatzos (so Chatzos did not determine it as a Korban).
(f) Answer [R. Ashi]: He died after Chatzos and the Tana holds like R. Shimon that living animals are not rejected.
(g) Answer [Ravina]: He died after Chatzos, and the designation was only after Chatzos (so Chatzos could not have determined it) and the Tana holds that Chatzos is the determinant.
(a) If a Pesach animal became mixed up with another Korban, they must all pasture until they become blemished and then they are sold.
(b) The value of the most expensive of the animals must be spent on each of the replacements (adding money as needed).
(c) [R. Shimon] If the Pesach was mixed with a Bechor animal, a group of Kohanim may eat them that night.


(a) Question: But in (c) above, he is causing Kodeshim to be invalidated (by shortening the time allowed for eating it)?
(b) Answer: R. Shimon holds that one may bring Kodeshim l'Vais HaPesul.
1. The Mishna teaches by an Asham being mixed with a Shelamim that R. Shimon combines their Avodah thus shortening the time for eating the Shelamim.
2. Rabanan hold that one cannot bring Kodeshim l'Vais HaPesul.
(c) Question: According to the Rabanan, what will we do in the Mishnah?
(d) Answer [Rava]: We wait until the Bechor and Pesach develop Mumin.
1. Then we take a fat animal and apply the Kedushas Pesach to it.
2. The two original animals are then eaten as Bechor Ba'alei Mum.
(a) A group lost its Pesach and instructed one member to look for it and slaughter it on behalf of the group (which he did).
(b) The group, meanwhile, took another animal and slaughtered it.
1. If his was slaughtered first, all eat from his animal.
2. If theirs was slaughtered first, they eat theirs, and he his.
3. If it is unknown whose was slaughtered first, or they were slaughtered at the same time, he eats his, while they may not eat his, theirs is burnt and they do not bring Pesach Sheni.
(c) If he made them his agent in the event of his delay, and he found the animal and slaughtered it while they took another and slaughtered it:
1. If theirs was slaughtered first, they eat theirs and he joins.
2. If his was slaughtered first, they eat theirs and he eats his.
3. If it is unknown whose was first or it was a tie, they eat theirs, he may not eat theirs, his is burnt and he is exempt from Pesach Sheni.
(d) If he appointed them his agents and they appointed him theirs:
1. They all eat from the first one to be slaughtered.
2. In the event of a tie, they both must be burnt.
(e) If neither appointed the other, they have no liability to one another (each eats his own).
(f) If the animals of two groups become mixed, each group takes one of the animals and one member of each group leaves his group and joins the other, and each group makes the following stipulation:
1. If we chose our original animal, then you (the new member) join us, but;
2. If we chose the other animal, then we leave our animal and join you in this, your original animal.
(g) The same procedure is followed for any number of mixed-up animals.
(h) If the Pesach of two individuals becomes mixed, each takes one of the animals and adds someone else to his Korban, then one member of each group goes over to the other group, and they follow the above.
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