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by Rabbi Ephraim Becker
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld

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Pesachim 87

Pesachim 81 - 95: We are grateful to Mr. Mark Frankel of Queens, N.Y. for suggesting the idea of "Point by Point Summaries" and sponsoring its initial two weeks -- Tizkeh l'Mitzvos!



(a) A married woman is Nimneh with her husband, even if her father also counted her in to his Korban.
(b) On the first Regel after her wedding, a woman must choose.
(c) An orphan chooses between two guardians.
(d) A servant owned by partners may not choose.
(e) A half-free servant may not eat of his master's Korban.
(a) Question: The Mishna implies that we hold Breirah.
(b) Answer: No, she must clarify her choice at the time of Shechitah.
(a) Question: The Bereisa contradicts our Mishna!
1. The Bereisa teaches that on the first Regel she is automatically included with her father, and;
2. After the first Regel, she may choose either one!?
(b) Answer: The Bereisa is speaking of a woman who was always pressured to eat in her father's home.
(c) The Pasuk describes the desire of a woman to visit her father's home to tell them how well she has been accepted.
(d) A second Pasuk describes a woman's shift to feeling "married."
(a) "A younger sister without breasts" refers to scholars who learned but did not have the opportunity to teach (i.e. to nurse) others.
1. [R. Yochanan] "I am a wall and my breasts are towers" refers to Torah and to Torah scholars.
2. [Rava] This Pasuk refers to the House of Israel and its houses of prayer and study.
(b) "Our sons like plants..." refers to the young men who have not tasted sin.
(c) "Our daughters like cornerstones..." refers to Jewish maidens who reserve themselves for their husbands.
1. This use of Zavios is demonstrated in Zechariah.
2. Alternately, its use is found in Tehilim.
(d) "Carved like the Heichal" means that these sons and daughters are considered to have caused the Heichal to be built in their days.
(a) Hosea is called the *first* of the prophets.
(b) Question: There were many prophets from Moshe to Hosea!?
(c) Answer: He was the first among his four contemporaries.
(d) HaShem is displeased when he tells Hosea,"your sons have sinned."
1. Hosea should have responded that they are *Your* children, the children of Your beloved ones, have mercy on them.
2. Rather he answered that HaShem can exchange them for others.
(e) To teach Hosea, HaShem will tell him to take a harlot and have children of questionable birth, and if he can then bear to send them away, then HaShem will send away His People.
1. The Pesukim dealing with Hosea's marriage are analyzed.
(i) His wife is called "Gomer." [Two explanations]

(ii) The daughter of "Divlayim." [Three explanations.]
(iii)She has a son whom Hosea is told to call Yizrael.
(iv) She has a daughter to be named Lo Ruchama.
(v) She has a son named Lo Ami.
2. HaShem tells Hosea to divorce her.
3. Hosea protests that he cannot break his ties to her.
4. HaShem makes the point that these questionable children bind you, yet you maintain the tie, all the more so My ties to My children, the children of those I have tested, the House of Israel, one of My four acquisitions!
(i) Torah
(ii) Heaven and Earth
(iii)Beis HaMikdash
(iv) House of Israel
5. Hosea, realizing his error, begins to plea for mercy.
6. HaShem tells him to plea, first, for mercy for His People.
(i) HaShem has issued three bad decrees on Hosea's account.
(ii) Hosea pleads for the People and the decrees are erased.
(iii)Hosea then blesses the People regarding each decree.
(1) Yizrael, the scattering, is reversed.
(2) HaShem will have mercy on a People Lo Ruchama.
(3) HaShem will once again call the People Ami.
(a) [R. Yochanan] Leadership buries its bearer.
(b) Yeravam is counted among the kings of Judea (as reported in Hosea) because he did not accept Lashon Hara about Amos (as reported in Amos).
(a) HaShem recalls His Mercy even when He is angry. [Two sources.]
(b) Israel was dispersed in order to accrue converts. [Two sources.]
(c) [R. Yochanan] Do not say bad things about even the worst generation of Jews [proof from Hosea]!
(d) [R. Oshiya] The Jews benefit from being scattered in that the Gentiles cannot destroy the Jews in one blow.
1. The Gentile claimed to R. Chanina that they are better than the Jews in that they have not destroyed the Jews, unlike the Jews who utterly destroyed their enemies.
2. R. Oshiya [a student] responded that destroying the Jews preoccupies you [the Gentiles].
(i) You are restrained because you don't know how.
(ii) The Jews are not all under one rulership.
(iii)If one nation destroys them that nations will be considered murderous.
3. The Gentile swore by the eagle of Rome that destroying the Jews, indeed, occupies their every waking moment.
(e) HaShem, knowing that the Jews could not bear the terrible decrees of Edom, exiled them to Bavel.
(f) HaShem exiled the Jews to Bavel since it is low, and the Pasuk assures the Jews of being redeemed from the depths.
(g) HaShem exiled the Jews to Bavel because their language is similar to Lashon HaKodesh (and Torah will be retained thereby).
(h) [R. Yochanan] HaShem exiled the Jews to Bavel, sending them back to "their mother's house" [as one would do to his wife at whom he became angered].
(i) R. Alexandri taught that three things returned to the place of their original planting.
1. House of Israel.
2. The wealth of Mitzrayim.
3. The writing on the Luchos.
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