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by Rabbi Ephraim Becker
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld

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Pesachim 79


(a) Our Mishna follows the opinion of R. Yehoshua.
1. In the Bereisa he teaches that as long as there is a kezayis to be consumed either by the Mizbeach or by the person, there can be Zerikah.
2. The presence of the Korban's Mincha is not sufficient to permit the Zerikah.
(b) Question: How do we know that Chelev is sufficient?
(c) Answer: The Pasuk speaks of Chelev alone.
(d) Question: How do we know the Yoseres HaKaved and the Klayos are sufficient?
1. Question: Who says they *are* sufficient?
2. Answer: The Tana mentioned that the Mincha is *not* sufficient, from which we may infer that the Yoseres HaKaved and the Klayos *are*.
(e) Answer: The end of the Pasuk of Chelev says "Re'ach Nichoach" teaches that they are sufficient.
1. We need both Chelev and Re'ach Nichoach.
2. From Chelev alone we would not have known that the Yoseres HaKaved is sufficient to permit the Zerikah.
3. From the Yoseres HaKaved alone we might have permitted the Zerikah based only on the Mincha.
(a) If the majority of the Kehal is Tameh, or if the Kohanim are Tameh (even if the Kehal is Tahor), the Korban Pesach is conducted b'Tumah.
(b) If only the minority are Tameh, they must wait for Pesach Sheni.
(a) If the Kohanim and the Kehal are Tehorim but the Kli Shares is Tameh, the Korban Pesach proceeds b'Tumah.
(b) [R. Chisda] The Tahor Kehal can only participate in the Tameh Korban only if the knife would be an Av HaTumah.
(c) This demonstrates that R. Chisda holds *Tumah Hudchah*.
(d) R. Yitzhak holds the same.
(e) Rava holds, based on an inference from the Pasuk, that all people can participate even where there is only be a lighter level of Tumah.
(a) Rav holds that since half is considered a majority, each half makes its own Korban Pesach.
(b) R. Kehane holds that half is not considered a majority and so the Tehorim make the Korban Pesach and the rest are considered a minority and they make the Pesach Sheni.

(c) Alternately, R. Kehane holds that the Tameh half is not considered a minority and thus is unable to make either Pesach.
(d) Question on Rav: The Mishna implies that half-half would not bring the first Korban Pesach b'Tumah!?
(e) Answer: The correct implication is that half-half would bring separate Korbanos, and this is supported by the Seifa of the Mishna.
(f) Question: This implication, that only a minority is pushed off to Pesach Sheni, but half-half would make a separate Korban Rishon, is a question on R. Kehane!
(g) Answer: The correct implication from the Seifa is that half who are Tameh do not bring either Korban.
(h) Question: This only aligns with the Alternate explanation of R. Kehane?!
(i) Answer: The use of the term "minority" in the Seifa is only following the use of the term "majority" in the Reisha, and should not be inferred from.
(j) There is a Bereisa like each of the positions.
1. Like Rav - they make separate Korbanos.
2. Like the first R. Kehane - Tehorim make the first and the Temeim make the Pesach Sheni.
3. Like the second R. Kehane - Temeim do not make either Korban Pesach.
(k) Question: How will Rav and the second R. Kehane explain the Bereisa [which supports the first R. Kehane]?
(l) Answer: It is speaking where the majority of men are Tahor, and the Tameh women bring us exactly to half- half.
1. This Tana holds that the women are permitted, not obligated [even] in the first Pesach.
2. Thus the Tameh men are a minority, to be sent to Pesach Sheni.
3. However, a male half-half would do like Rav or like the second R. Kehane.
(m) Question: What will Rav and the first R. Kehane do with Bereisa which says [like the second R. Kehane] that the Tahor half makes the first Pesach and the others make the Pesach Sheni?
(n) Answer [Rav]: The males are 50-50 but the Tahor women push the majority to Tahor.
1. This Tana holds that women are obligated in the first Pesach (and are optional only in the second).
2. The Temeim are thus the minority in the first Pesach (and may not participate).
3. The Temeim are exactly half when it comes to the Pesach Sheni (since we are not counting the women) and a half may not bring then!
(o) Answer [First R. Kehane]: They were 50-50 with the Tahor women, but the majority of men were Tameh.
1. This Tana holds like Rav regarding the obligation of women.
2. Half-half cannot bring the first Korban.
3. The now-majority Temeim (subtracting the women) may not bring the Pesach Sheni!
(p) Question: What will R. Kehane do with the Bereisa which says [like Rav] that each half makes its own Korban?
(q) Answer: It is a Machlokes Tanaim whether or not half is considered a majority.
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