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Pesachim 103


QUESTION: The Gemara relates that Rava, during a single meal, would recite a Berachah Rishonah on the wine of Kidush and also on the wine of Birkas ha'Mazon (Rashbam). He defended his conduct by citing the practice of the house of the Reish Galusa. Rav Yakov bar Ada argued that no proof can be adduced from the conduct of the house of the Reish Galusa, because a person there never knows if he will get any more wine to drink, and therefore he must make a new Berachah every time more wine is served.

What is Rav Yakov bar Ada's logic? Why should the guests of the Reish Galusa make new Berachos on their wine just because they are not sure whether they will be getting more wine? To the contrary -- since they do not know what else is going to be served, they should have in mind at the time of their first Berachah that they will drink whatever the host serves (as we see in Berachos 42a and Rashi there, DH a'Taka d'Reish Galusa)!


(a) TOSFOS (DH Lo Havi) explains that in the house of the Reish Galusa, they recited a new Berachah only on the cup of wine used for Birkas ha'Mazon. Since there were so many people there, each person thought that he would not get any of the wine. Therefore, when he does get some of the wine of Birkas ha'Mazon, he must make a new Berachah. Other wine served during the meal was certainly covered by the first Berachah, though, since a person has in mind to drink whatever the host serves.

(b) The RASHBAM (DH Lo Havi) seems to say that in the Reish Galusa's house, they made a Berachah on *every* cup of wine, even wine served during the meal. Why did they do that?

TOSFOS RABEINU PERETZ mentions that there were a large number of people at the Reish Galusa's house, and the amount of wine that was normally served apparently did not suffice for everyone. If so, perhaps they did not have in mind that they would be drinking any more wine when they made their first Berachah. That is why they must make a new Berachah on each new cup.


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