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Pesachim 74


OPINIONS: It is a widespread custom to roast a shankbone the day before Pesach to place on the Seder-plate to commemorate the Korban Pesach (OC 473).

The Mishnah earlier (53a) states that there are places where people have the practice not to eat roasted meat on Pesach night, in order not to appear as though they are eating Kodshim b'Chutz. The TUR (OC 476) and Poskim write that in our regions, it is the custom not to eat roasted meat on Pesach night. Is it permitted to eat the roasted shankbone?

(a) Our Gemara says that it is only forbidden to eat roasted meat if it was roasted "Mekulas," that is, if the entire lamb or goat was roasted together. If even one limb was cut off of the animal, it is not forbidden because it does not resemble the Korban Pesach.

Rashi explains that this prohibition was stated with regard to a place which has the custom *not* to eat roasted meat on Pesach night. Therefore, it should be permitted to eat the shankbone, which was roasted by itself, even on the night of the Seder.

(b) However, the RAMBAM (Hilchos Chametz u'Matzah 8:11) writes that even in the places where they *permitted* eating roasted meat, it is prohibited if the whole lamb was roasted. That is, our Gemara, according to the Rambam, is discussing a place where the custom is to eat roasted meat on the Pesach night. In a place in which the practice is not to eat roasted meat, it is forbidden to eat even a piece of meat, such as the shankbone, that was roasted by itself. This is also the opinion of the ROSH (Pesachim 4:6).

HALACHAH: The opinion of the Rambam is cited as Halachah by the TUR and SHULCHAN ARUCH (OC 476). The Tur adds, based on the Yerushalmi, that even calf's meat or fowl, or any animal that requires Shechitah, may not be eaten roasted on Seder night. Roasted or fried fish are permitted because fish does not require Shechitah.

Does the prohibition apply to Pesach morning as well? The CHASDEI DAVID (on the Tosefta quoted in the Gemara) says that it applies in the morning as well. However, the DARCHEI MOSHE (OC 473) writes that the prohibition applies only Pesach night, as the Tosefta seems to imply ("Leilei Pesachim").

The Tur also mentions that it is a "proper custom" ("Minhag Kosher") to eat *cooked* meat during the Seder. It is not clear exactly why he calls it a proper custom. The TAZ suggests that it is proper because of the obligation to experience Simchas Yom Tov through eating meat, at the same time avoiding roast. (It might also serve to commemorate the Korban Pesach, even though the Korban Pesach was roasted.)


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