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Pesachim 120

PESACHIM 120-121 (25-26 Kislev) - the Daf study material for the first day of Chanukah has been dedicated to the memory of Hagaon Rav Yisrael Zev Gustman ZaTZaL (author of "Kuntresei Shiurim"), whose Shiurim lit the eyes of many, by his students.

If an action or object was included in a general category of Halachah and was then singled out by the verse in order to tell us that certain Halachos apply to it, the Halachos which apply to that object are applicable to everything in the general category. There are three applications of this rule:

a) When a new Halachah is explicitly written in the Parshah discussing the object that was singled out
b) When there is no new Halachah written there, then we look for some new law that the Torah may be teaching us by the fact that it singled it out [for example, l'Chalek (to differentiate all of the actions so that each one will be Mechayav a separate Korban)]
c) If we cannot say that the object was singled out to teach us l'Chalek, we say that it comes to *limit* the general category only to those members that are similar to and share the characteristics of the object that was singled out (this is similar to the rule of "Klal u'Frat u'Klal)
(This rule should not be confused with Davar she'Hayah bi'Chlal v'Yatzah li'Don b'Davar he'Chadash, which refers to a case where the new law that is mentioned with regard to the object that was singled out is in *contradiction* to the general rule of the Klal.)


2) [line 1] NISNAMNEMU - if they dozed
*3*) [line 1] NISNAMNEMU YOCHELU - that is, if some of the members dozed off they may still eat, but if even some of the members fell asleep entirely, they may no longer eat from the Pesach (RASHBAM); alternatively, if *all* of the members of the group dozed off they may still eat, but if they fell entirely asleep they may no longer eat from the Pesach (RAMBAM, RA'AVAD)

4) [line 1] NIREDEMU - if they fell asleep

5) [line 3] PIGUL
(a) A sacrifice that was slaughtered with the intention of eating it or offering it after its allotted time becomes disqualified. Such a Korban is forbidden to be eaten as it states in Vayikra (7:18) "v'Im He'achol Ye'achel mi'Besar Zevach Shelamav ba'Yom ha'Shelishi Lo Yeratzeh, ha'Makriv Oso Lo Yechashev Lo, *Pigul* Yiheyeh." - ("If [the person bringing the offering plans] to eat it on the third day, [the sacrifice] will not be accepted. It is considered Pigul (putrid, rejected) and it will not be counted in his favor.")
(b) If a person eats Pigul intentionally he is Chayav Kares. If he eats it unintentionally he must bring a Korban Chatas. (Sefer ha'Chinuch Mitzvah 144)

6) [line 3] NOSAR
(a) If any meat of an animal of Kodshim remains after the time that was allotted for it to be eaten, it must be burned, as it states in Vayikra (19:6) "b'Yom Zivchachem Ye'achel umi'Macharas, *veha'Nosar* Ad Yom ha'Shelishi ba'Esh Yisaref." - ("It shall be eaten the same day that you slaughter it and on the next day, and anything that *remains* until the third day shall be burned in fire.")
(b) If someone eats Nosar intentionally he is Chayav Kares. If he eats it unintentionally, he must bring a Korban Chatas. (Sefer ha'Chinuch Mitzvah 215)

7a) [line 5] NIM V'LO NIM - dozing, but not dozing
b) [line 6] TIR V'LO TIR - awake, but not awake
8) [line 7] L'AHADUREI SEVARA - to answer something that he has to contemplate

9a) [line 36] CHASHADEI KEHUNAH - the Kohanim who might intentionally make the Korban into Pigul because they hate the owner of the Korban
b) [last line] ATZEILEI KEHUNAH - the lazy Kohanim who might not finish eating the Korban in time

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