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Pesachim 118

***************GIRSA SECTION********************
We recommend using the textual changes suggested by the Bach, Rav B. Rensburg and the parenthetical marginal notes of the Vilna Shas. This section is devoted to any *OTHER* changes that we feel ought to be made in Gemara, Rashi or Tosfos.)

[1] Gemara 118a [line 23]:
The words "Amar *Rebbi Elazar ben Azaryah* Kashin Nekavav..."
should be "Amar *Rav Sheshes mi'Shum Rebbi Elazar ben Azaryah* Kashin Nekavav..."
This is the Girsa in the manuscripts, and explains why the Gemara brings the
next two Sugyos (Dikdukei Sofrim #3)

[2] Gemara 118b [line 29]:
The words "a'Gevuros v'Nifla'os *d'Avid b'Hadaihu*, Kol she'Ken..."
should be "a'Gevuros v'Nifla'os *d'Avid*, Kol she'Ken..."
This is the Girsa of the manuscripts (Dikdukei Sofrim #4)

[3] Gemara 118b [line 33]:
The words "Lo Kol she'Ken? *Amar Lo ha'Kadosh Baruch Hu Kabel Mehem*;
should be "Lo Kol she'Ken? Miyad..."
This is the Girsa of the manuscripts (Dikdukei Sofrim #9)

[4] Gemara 118b [last line]:
The words "Lo Ye'atzar, Zeh Beis *Otzar*"
should be "Lo Ye'atzar, Zeh Beis *Otzeroseihen*"
This is the Girsa of the manuscripts and of the Rashbam (Dikdukei Sofrim #1)

1) [line 10] B'RUMO SHEL OLAM - in the highest spheres of the worlds

2a) [line 15] B'ETZEV - "Harbah Arbeh Itzevonech v'Heronech, *b'Etzev* Teldi Vanim." - "I will greatly increase your anguish and your pregnancy; it will be *with anguish* that you will give birth to children." (Bereishis 3:16)
b) [line 15] B'ITZAVON - "Arurah ha'Adamah Ba'avurecha, *b'Itzavon* Tochelenah Kol Yemei Chayecha." - "The ground will therefore be cursed because of you, you will derive food from it *with anguish* all the days of your life." (Bereishis 3:17) - The word "b'Itzavon" is a stronger form of the word for anguish. RASHBAM states that it connotes double the anguish (see RASHASH).

3) [line 19] EVUS - trough
4a) [line 20] ASHREINU IM AMADNU BA'RISHONAH - (a) it would have been fortunate for us if we would have lived before the sin of Adam ha'Rishon (MAHARSHA); (b) according to the Girsa ASHREINU SHE'LO AMADNU BA'RISHONAH - it is fortunate that we did not live at the time that Adam ha'Rishon sinned and was punished
b) [line 21] LO PALTINAN MINAH - (a) we still have not completely left the *splendor* of that situation (before Adam ha'Rishon sinned) [since we eat plants of the field that do not require any toil] (MAHARSHA); (b) according to the second Girsa - we still have not escaped the *punishment*, [for we must eat plants of the field that require much toil]

5) [line 21] ISBEI D'DABRA - herbs, plants of the field
6) [line 24] "MIHAR TZO'EH L'HIPASE'ACH, V'LO YAMUS LA'SHACHAS, V'LO YECHSAR LACHMO" - "The wanderer will soon be released, and will not die in the pit, nor will his bread be lacking." (Yeshayahu 51:14) - The word for "wanderer" in this context is translated as "bound" (referring in our Gemara to constipation).

Magog is first mentioned among the sons of Yefes, son of Noach, in Breishis 10:2. The prophet Yechezkel (chapters 38-39) describes a cataclysmic war lead by Gog of the land of Magog, where many nations combine forces to wage war against the land of Yisrael. The prophecy assures Gog that HaSh-m Himself will ruin the war effort and will destroy all of his multitudes. It is traditionally assumed that this war will take place at the end of days, preceding the revelation of HaSh-m as master of His world.

8) [line 44] ATZANEN - I will cool the furnace
9) [line 46] EINO MEKAPE'ACH SECHAR KOL BERYAH - He does not withhold the reward of any creature


10) [line 1] AKDI'ACH - I will cause to burn
(a) After the death of the Shofet Eihud Ben Geira, Benei Yisrael became lax in their observance of Torah and Mitzvos. In order to prompt them to do Teshuvah, HaSh-m caused King Yavin of Chatzor to attack and subjugate them. After twenty years of subjugation under the cruel general Sisra, Benei Yisrael finally repented and cried out to HaSh-m to save them.
(b) Since they were now worthy of redemption, HaSh-m told Devorah the prophetess that if Benei Yisrael wage war against Sisra, they will be successful. She and Barak ben Avino'am led Benei Yisrael to victory, with the help of HaSh-m, who caused a flash flood in Nachal Kishon that wiped out much of Sisra's army and all of his 900 iron chariots. Sisrah escaped the battlefield, only to be killed by Yael, the wife of Chever ha'Keini. The account of this battle and the glorious Song of Devorah that it inspired are recorded in Shoftim 4-5.

12) [line 15] B'DAKREI D'FARZELA - in chariots of iron
13a) [line 16] MI'MESILOSAM - from their orbits (from our perspective)
b) [line 16] "MIN SHAMAYIM NILCHAMU; HA'KOCHAVIM MI'MESILOSAM NILCHAMU IM SISRA." - "From heaven they fought, the very stars from their orbits did battle with Sisra" (Shoftim 5:20)

14) [line 17] AKDIRU - [the iron chariots were] burned
15) [line 19] "NACHAL KISHON GERAFAM, NACHAL KEDUMIM NACHAL KISHON; TIDRECHI NAFSHI OZ" - Nachal Kishon swept them away, the ancient stream, Nachal Kishon; but I myself trod it vigorously." (Shoftim 5:21)

16a) [line 22] SAMUNI BANAYICH KA'CHULDAH ZU - Your sons, due to their sins, have made me resemble this marten (or weasel)
b) [line 23] HA'DARAH B'IKAREI BATIM - that lives in the foundations of the houses

17) [line 25] "DALOSI V'LI YEHOSHI'A" - "I was brought low, but He saved me." (Tehilim 116:6) - The Gemara understands this verse to mean, "Even though I am impoverished (because of my lack of Mitzvos), [I am still true to HaSh-m and it is fitting that] He will save me."

18) [line 30] KASAVUR EINO MEKABEL MEHEM - he thought that he should not accept it from them

19) [line 32] "YE'ESAYU CHASHMANIM MINI MITZRAYIM, KUSH TARITZ YADAV L'EIL- KIM" - "They will bring gifts from Egypt; Kush (Ethiopia) shall hasten its hands with gifts to El-kim" (Tehilim 68:32)

20) [line 36] "GE'AR CHAYAS KANEH, [ADAS ABIRIM B'EGLEI AMIM, MISRAPES B'RATZEI CHASEF, BIZAR AMIM KERAVOS YECHPATZU]" - "Destroy the beast of the reeds, [the assembly of mighty ones among the calves of nations, who ingratiates himself for pieces of silver; who scatter nations and desires battles.]" (Tehilim 68:31) - The Gemara first expounds upon the first four words of the verse, "Ge'ar Chayas, Kaneh Adas," interpreting, "Destroy the beast (Rome, Esav) and take (lit. buy) for Yourself the community (of Yisrael)."

21) [line 37] HA'KANIM - the reeds, the forest
22) [line 37] "YECHARSEMENAH CHAZIR MI'YA'AR, V'ZIZ SADAI TIR'ENAH" - "The boar of the forest (Esav) ravages it, and the prowlers of the field feed on it." (Tehilim 80:14)

23) [line 38] KULMUS ECHAD - one stylus, i.e. they all write the same thing -- the condemnation of Yisrael. The Kaneh (reed, in the singular) is used for making a Kulmus

24) [line 41] KEREIVOS SHE'HAYU CHAFEITZIN BAHEN - the approaches (to the nations) that they desired. The Gemara understands the end of the verse to mean, "He scatters Israel among the nations, because they desired closeness with them."

25) [line 43] BIRANIYOS - towers
26) [line 44] MA'ALOS - stairs
27) [line 46] HANEI L'MAN - for whom are these [treasures]?

28) [line 46] "[V'HAYAH] SACHRAH V'ESNANAH KODESH LA'SH-M, LO YE'ATZER V'LO YECHASEN; KI LA'YOSHVIM LIFNEI HASH-M YIHEYEH SACHRAH, LE'ECHOL L'SAV'AH VILI'MECHASEH ASIK" - "And her merchandise and harlot's wages will become holy to HaSh-m; it shall not be stored nor accumulated, for her merchandise will belong to those who sit before HaSh-m, to eat and be sated and for elegant clothing."
(Yeshayahu 23:18)

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