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Pesachim 114

***************GIRSA SECTION********************
We recommend using the textual changes suggested by the Bach, Rav B. Rensburg and the parenthetical marginal notes of the Vilna Shas. This section is devoted to any *OTHER* changes that we feel ought to be made in Gemara, Rashi or Tosfos.)

[1] Rashbam 114b DH Dilma Ha Ka Mashma Lan:
The words "Aval b'Maror Lechudei Lo Ba'inan Trei Tibulei"
are the beginning of a new Dibur

1a) [line 4] ECHOL BATZAL - eat onions (or other similar vegetables)
b) [line 4] V'SHEV BA'TZEL - and sit in the shade of your house (which you will not be forced to sell)

2) [line 5] AVAZIN - geese
3) [line 7] MESALA MASLIN B'MA'ARAVA - in Eretz Yisrael they say the following the parable

4a) [line 8] D'ACHIL ALISA - one who always eats the fatty tail of a sheep, i.e. fatty meat
b) [line 8] TASHI BA'ALISA - hides in the attic (from his creditors)

5a) [line 9] D'ACHIL KAKULEI - greens, herbs, a sort of cress used by the poor (cardanum or nasturtium)
b) [line 9] A'KIKALEI D'MASA SHACHIV - rests at ease in a public place of the town

6) [line 27] METABEL BA'CHAZERES - he dips his lettuce (which will also be used later for Maror) if he has no other greens to dip [in something other than the Charoses -- see Insights]

7) [line 28] AD SHE'MAGI'A L'PARPERES HA'PAS - before he comes to the point when he will use the lettuce as Maror, which is eaten after the Matzah (as a condiment)


Whenever a person performs a Mitzvah, he must be aware of the fact that he is doing a Mitzvah. He cannot do it without thinking about it.

(a) The Torah specifies a Shi'ur for which a person who eats this amount of Matzah and Maror has fulfilled his requirement for the Mitzvah (a k'Zayis). Similarly, the Torah also specifies the amount of time in which they must be eaten in order to fulfill the Mitzvah.
(b) This amount of time is called "Kedei Achilas Peras," and is defined as the amount of time that it takes to eat three - or four - Beitzim of bread with relish, while reclining. A person who eats a k'Zayis of Matzah or Maror in more than this amount of time has not fulfilled the Mitzvah, exactly as if he ate a Chatzi Shi'ur (Kerisus 12b).

10) [line 25] SILKA - a beet
11) [line 25] AROZA - rice

(a) The Torah requires that each Korban Pesach be eaten by a designated group of people. When many people share a Korban Pesach such that there is not enough meat to provide a full meal for each of them, a Korban Chagigah is brought along with it. The members of the group eat the Korban Chagigah before the Korban Pesach to ensure that they eat the Korban Pesach Al ha'Sova (when they are satiated) (see Insights to Pesachim 70:1).
(b) This Korban Chagigah is not to be confused with the Korban Chagigah that a person must bring during all festivals. Every Jewish male is obligated to come to the Azarah of the Beis ha'Mikdash on Pesach, Shavuos and Sukkos, and bring an animal as a Korban Chagigah, as the Torah states, "Shalosh Regalim Tachog Li ba'Shanah" (Shemos 23:14).

13) [line 34] GARMA U'VISHULA - a piece of meat with the soup in which it was cooked

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