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Previous dafPesachim 96
PESACHIM 96 - dedicated by Uri Wolfson in honor of his Chavrusa, Rav
Mordechai Rabin of Har Nof.
We recommend using the textual changes suggested by the Bach, Rav B. Rensburg
and the parenthetical marginal notes of the Vilna Shas. This section is
devoted to any *OTHER* changes that we feel ought to be made in Gemara,
Rashi or Tosfos.)
 Rashi 96b DH u'Shelamim ha'Ba'im Machmas Pesach:
The words "Kach Shamati" should be removed since they do not appear in the
manuscripts (Dikdukei Sofrim #30, 40).
This is evident because Rashi states with regard to the Lashon Acher in the
following Dibur ha'Maschil, "v'Zu Shamati."
1) [line 10] HEICHA AKTERINHU? - where did they offer them?
2) [line 11] D'LO SHEVISKI AVUD - that they did not roast them (and eat
3) [line 15] MIKECHO MIBE'ASOR - the lamb for the Korban Pesach was
designated on the tenth of Nisan
4) [line 15] HAZA'AH B'AGUDAS EZOV - sprinkling of the blood with a bundle
of hyssop (as mentioned in Shemos 12:22)
5) [line 8] TEMURAS PESACH (TEMURAH)
(a) The Torah states, "Do not try to transfer or exchange [an animal that
has been designated as a Korban for another animal], neither a good animal
for a bad one, nor a bad one for a good one. If you do exchange an animal of
Kodesh for one that is not, both the original animal and the one given in
exchange for it, will be Kodesh." (Vayikra 27:10,11)
(b) The second animal (= the Temurah) is *usually* a valid Korban, and must
also be offered on the Mizbe'ach.
*6*) [line 14] KAMASHMA LAN D'IKA TEMURAS HA'PESACH D'LO KARVAH - that is,
one might have thought that the Temurah of a Pesach is not considered to be
"Nidcheh b'Yadayim" if it present at the time of the Hakravas ha'Pesach,
since it was not really fit to be a Pesach in either case. The Mishnah
reveals that it *is* Nidcheh, and therefore must graze until it becomes a
Ba'al Mum. (RASHI)
7) [line 34] ALYAH - the (fatty) tail
8) [line 34] PESACH SHE'AVRAH SHENASO
Only kid goats or sheep during their first year may be offered as a Korban
Pesach. If an animal was designated as a Pesach but was not offered on the
first Pesach after its birth, it becomes a Korban Shelamim (since it may no
longer be offered as a Korban Pesach).
9) [line 34] SHELAMIM HA'BA'IN MACHMAS PESACH
Rashi offers two explanations: Mosar ha'Pesach or Chagigas Arba'ah Asar.
Examples of Mosar ha'Pesach include a Temurah of a Korban Pesach (see above,
entry #5) and an animal dedicated as a Korban Pesach that was not brought
because its owner sacrificed another animal as his Korban Pesach.
CHAGIGAS ARBA'AH ASAR
(a) The Torah requires that each Korban Pesach be eaten by a designated
group of people. When many people share a Korban Pesach such that there is
not enough meat to provide a full meal for each of them, a Korban Chagigah
is brought along with it. The members of the group eat the Korban Chagigah
before the Korban Pesach to ensure that they eat the Korban Pesach Al
ha'Sova (when they are satiated) (see Insights to Pesachim 70:1).
(b) This Korban Chagigah is not to be confused with the Korban Chagigah that
a person must bring during all festivals. Every Jewish male is obligated to
come to the Azarah of the Beis ha'Mikdash on Pesach, Shavuos and Sukos, and
bring an animal as a Korban Chagigah, as the Torah states, "Shalosh Regalim
Tachog Li ba'Shanah" (Shemos 23:14).
10) [line 35] SEMICHAH
Semichah refers to the Mitzvah for a person to press his hands with all his
might on the head of his sacrifice before it is slaughtered, as described in
11) [line 35] NESACHIM
This refers to the Korban Minchah (meal-offering) and wine libation which
are brought together with a Korban Shelamim (or Olah) as described in
12) [line 35] TENUFAS CHAZEH VA'SHOK
The chest and the hind leg of the Korban Shelamim were waved in a prescribed
manner and were then given as a gift to the Kohanim, as described in Vayikra