BACKGROUND ON THE DAILY DAF
brought to you by Kollel Iyun Hadaf of Har Nof
Ask A Question on the daf
Previous dafPesachim 95
*1*) [line 12] YA'ASU OSO - (The Beraisa is referring to the words Ya'asu
Oso which follow the words "Chukas ha'Pesach," not to the words Ya'asu Oso
which appear in the previous verse, before "Al Matzos u'Merorim." That
Ya'asu Oso does not teach us anything, since it is normal for the verse to
speak in such a manner, as Rashi explains, end of DH she'Ein Shochtin.)
2) [line 17] PERAT U'CHLAL, V'NA'ASEH KELAL MOSIF AL HA'PERAT
(a) In the Introduction to the Sifra (the Halachic Midrash to Vayikra),
Rebbi Yishmael lists thirteen methods that Chazal use for extracting the
Halachah from the verses of the Torah. One of them is Prat u'Klal Na'aseh
Klal Musaf Al ha'Prat.
(b) This method determines that when the Torah writes that a certain
Halachah applies only in a *specific* case or instance, and afterwards
records the same Halachah generally (i.e. without any restrictions), the
latter expression is accepted as primary, and the Halachah applies in all
cases without restrictions.
3) [line 21] MO'ACH - marrow
4) [line 30] LO SA'ASEH SHE'NITAK L'ASEH
(a) A Lav ha'Nitak l'Aseh describes a Lav that is followed by an Aseh
instructing us what to do if the Lav was transgressed. Usually, the Aseh is
an action that is performed to correct the Lav. For example, the Torah says
"Lo Sigzol" (You shall not steal - Vayikra 19:13); if someone transgresses
this prohibition the Torah tells him to correct his misdeed; "ve'Heshiv Es
ha'Gezelah" (He shall return the stolen object - Vayikra 5:23).
(b) At times the Aseh follows the Lav (e.g. Temurah) and at times it is
found in a different Parsha altogether (e.g. Gezel).
5) [line 6] "HA'SHIR YIHEYEH LACHEM K'LEIL HISKADESH CHAG; V'SIMCHAS LEVAV
KA'HOLECH BE'CHALIL LAVO VE'HAR HASH-M EL TZUR YISRAEL" - "You shall have a
song, as in the night when a holy solemnity is kept and gladness of heart,
as when one goes with a flute to come into the mountain of HaSh-m, to the
Rock of Yisrael (Yeshayahu 30:29)
6) [line 22] LINAH
When a person offers a Korban, he must stay in Yerushalayim overnight. This
is learned from the verse in Devarim 16:7.
7) [line 32] BI'AS MIKDASH
There are three Machanos (designated holy areas) within the city of
Yerushalayim, corresponding to their respective areas in the Midbar:
(a) The entire area within the walls of Yerushalayim, excluding Har
ha'Bayis, is Machaneh Yisrael. This area corresponds to the area of
encampment of the twelve tribes in the Midbar. Machaneh Yisrael is off-
limits to Metzora'im. Metzora'im are also forbidden to enter any walled city
in Eretz Yisrael.
(b) The area between the Azarah and the wall encompassing Har ha'Bayis,
including the Ezras Nashim, is Machaneh Leviyah. This corresponds to the
area around the Mishkan, where the Leviyim encamped. This area is prohibited
not only to Metzora'im, but also for Zavin, Zavos, Nidos and Yoldos.
(c) The entire area within the Azarah (i.e. the Ezras Yisrael and the Ezras
Kohanim that contained the Beis ha'Mikdash, the Mizbe'ach, and various
Lishkos or chambers -- not the Ezras Nashim) is Machaneh Shechinah
(excluding the area under the gate to the Azarah known as Sha'ar Nikanor).
This corresponds to the area of the Mishkan [within the Kela'im/curtains].
This area is even prohibited to a person who is Tamei Mes.
8) [line 46] HEICHAL - The Sanctuary, inside of which was the Menorah, the
Shulchan for the Lechem ha'Panim, and the Mizbe'ach for the Ketores
9) [last line] EIMUREI PESACH - the parts of the Korban Pesach that are
offered on the Mizbe'ach. They are: 1. the layer of fat covering the
stomachs; 2. all other fat attached to the stomachs; 3. the two kidneys; 4.
the fat on the kidneys; 5. The Yoseres, which is either the diaphragm
(RASHI, RADAK) or a lobe of the liver (RAV HAI GA'ON) (Vayikra 3:3-4).