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Pesachim 95

*1*) [line 12] YA'ASU OSO - (The Beraisa is referring to the words Ya'asu Oso which follow the words "Chukas ha'Pesach," not to the words Ya'asu Oso which appear in the previous verse, before "Al Matzos u'Merorim." That Ya'asu Oso does not teach us anything, since it is normal for the verse to speak in such a manner, as Rashi explains, end of DH she'Ein Shochtin.)

(a) In the Introduction to the Sifra (the Halachic Midrash to Vayikra), Rebbi Yishmael lists thirteen methods that Chazal use for extracting the Halachah from the verses of the Torah. One of them is Prat u'Klal Na'aseh Klal Musaf Al ha'Prat.
(b) This method determines that when the Torah writes that a certain Halachah applies only in a *specific* case or instance, and afterwards records the same Halachah generally (i.e. without any restrictions), the latter expression is accepted as primary, and the Halachah applies in all cases without restrictions.

3) [line 21] MO'ACH - marrow

(a) A Lav ha'Nitak l'Aseh describes a Lav that is followed by an Aseh instructing us what to do if the Lav was transgressed. Usually, the Aseh is an action that is performed to correct the Lav. For example, the Torah says "Lo Sigzol" (You shall not steal - Vayikra 19:13); if someone transgresses this prohibition the Torah tells him to correct his misdeed; "ve'Heshiv Es ha'Gezelah" (He shall return the stolen object - Vayikra 5:23).
(b) At times the Aseh follows the Lav (e.g. Temurah) and at times it is found in a different Parsha altogether (e.g. Gezel).


5) [line 6] "HA'SHIR YIHEYEH LACHEM K'LEIL HISKADESH CHAG; V'SIMCHAS LEVAV KA'HOLECH BE'CHALIL LAVO VE'HAR HASH-M EL TZUR YISRAEL" - "You shall have a song, as in the night when a holy solemnity is kept and gladness of heart, as when one goes with a flute to come into the mountain of HaSh-m, to the Rock of Yisrael (Yeshayahu 30:29)

6) [line 22] LINAH
When a person offers a Korban, he must stay in Yerushalayim overnight. This is learned from the verse in Devarim 16:7.

7) [line 32] BI'AS MIKDASH
There are three Machanos (designated holy areas) within the city of Yerushalayim, corresponding to their respective areas in the Midbar:
(a) The entire area within the walls of Yerushalayim, excluding Har ha'Bayis, is Machaneh Yisrael. This area corresponds to the area of encampment of the twelve tribes in the Midbar. Machaneh Yisrael is off- limits to Metzora'im. Metzora'im are also forbidden to enter any walled city in Eretz Yisrael.
(b) The area between the Azarah and the wall encompassing Har ha'Bayis, including the Ezras Nashim, is Machaneh Leviyah. This corresponds to the area around the Mishkan, where the Leviyim encamped. This area is prohibited not only to Metzora'im, but also for Zavin, Zavos, Nidos and Yoldos.
(c) The entire area within the Azarah (i.e. the Ezras Yisrael and the Ezras Kohanim that contained the Beis ha'Mikdash, the Mizbe'ach, and various Lishkos or chambers -- not the Ezras Nashim) is Machaneh Shechinah (excluding the area under the gate to the Azarah known as Sha'ar Nikanor). This corresponds to the area of the Mishkan [within the Kela'im/curtains]. This area is even prohibited to a person who is Tamei Mes.

8) [line 46] HEICHAL - The Sanctuary, inside of which was the Menorah, the Shulchan for the Lechem ha'Panim, and the Mizbe'ach for the Ketores

9) [last line] EIMUREI PESACH - the parts of the Korban Pesach that are offered on the Mizbe'ach. They are: 1. the layer of fat covering the stomachs; 2. all other fat attached to the stomachs; 3. the two kidneys; 4. the fat on the kidneys; 5. The Yoseres, which is either the diaphragm (RASHI, RADAK) or a lobe of the liver (RAV HAI GA'ON) (Vayikra 3:3-4).

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