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Pesachim 92

1) [line 13] ISHTAKAD - last year
2) [line 25] IZMEL - a knife

3) [line 26] BEIS HA'PERAS
(a) There are three types of Beis ha'Peras: (i) a field in which a grave was plowed over, scattering the bones in all directions; (ii) a field in which there is a grave that we cannot find; (iii) a field on the edge of a town where a corpse was brought for burial. In the latter instance, we suspect that: a) part of the corpse may have dislodged and remains in the field, or b) the corpse was inadvertently left there and not taken to a cemetery at all.
(b) The Rabanan decreed that the field is Metamei in every direction from the grave for the length of the furrow of a plow, which is 50 Amos. This results in an area of 100 Amos by 100 Amos around the grave.
(c) The Bartenura offers three explanations as to why the word "Peras" was used:

(i) the Tum'ah *spreads* (Pores) out in all directions
(ii) the bones are *broken* (Perusim)
(iii) people's *feet* (Parsos) stay away from there
4) [line 31] KARPIFOS
(a) Karpifos are enclosed areas that are located outside of a settlement, used for storage and other such purposes. Since it is fully enclosed, a Karpaf is a Reshus ha'Yachid even though it was not enclosed for residential purposes.
(b) King Shlomo decreed that transferring objects from a Reshus ha'Yachid owned by one person or group to a Reshus ha'Yachid owned by another person or group is forbidden, unless an Eruv Chatzeiros is created on Friday, before Shabbos begins (Shabbos 14b, Eruvin 21b).
(c) Besides houses, there are three categories of Reshus ha'Yachid: Gagos (privately owned roofs), Chatzeiros (jointly owned courtyards) and Karpifos (private fenced in areas that are used for storage or corrals, but not lived in). Tana'im argue as to whether it is permitted to carry from one of these types of Reshus ha'Yachid to another, even if they have different owners. Rebbi Meir (Mishnah Eruvin 89a) rules that it is prohibited to transfer between these different types of Reshuyos. Rabanan (ibid. and Gemara 91a) prohibit transferring from a Karpaf to one of the other two, and Rebbi Shimon (ibid.) rules that it is permitted to transfer between these Reshuyos.
(All of these opinions agree that it is prohibited to carry from *houses* to courtyards or Karpifos, or to roofs and houses owned by another person, since houses are used on a very regular basis and are therefore considered separate from all other Reshuyos ha'Yachid. -- Rashi Eruvin 91a DH v'Karpifos)
(d) The above argument only applies to utensils that were in a roof, courtyard, or Karpaf when Shabbos begins. Utensils that were in a house when Shabbos begins and were taken out on Shabbos to a Chatzer through the use of an Eruv Chatzeiros, may not be transferred to one of the other two Reshuyos even according to Rebbi Shimon.

5) [line 38] "VA'YA'AMOD YEHOSHAFAT BI'KEHAL YEHUDAH V'YERUSHALAYIM B'VEIS HASH-M, LIFNEI HE'CHATZER HA'CHADASHAH" - "And Yehoshafat stood in the congregation of Yehudah and Yerushalayim, in the house of HaSh-m before the new courtyard." (Divrei ha'Yamim II 20:5) - Har ha'Bayis, which is classified as Machaneh Leviyah, was called "the new courtyard" since Yehoshafat and his court issued a new decree that a Tevul Yom was not permitted to enter Har ha'Bayis.


6) [line 3] MENAPE'ACH - a person blows
7) [line 5] SHE'NIDASH - that was trampled

*****PEREK #9 MI SHE'HAYAH*****

8) [line 15] MEICHAS HU D'CHAS RACHMANA ALAV - the Torah had pity on him (and did not require that he send a Korban Pesach)

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