(Permission is granted to print and redistribute this material
as long as this header and the footer at the end are included.)


brought to you by Kollel Iyun Hadaf of Har Nof

Ask A Question on the daf

Previous daf

Pesachim 79

***************GIRSA SECTION********************
We recommend using the textual changes suggested by the Bach, Rav B. Rensburg and the parenthetical marginal notes of the Vilna Shas. This section is devoted to any *OTHER* changes that we feel ought to be made in Gemara, Rashi or Tosfos.)

[1] Gilyon ha'Shas 1:
The words Perek 1 Mishnah *4* d'Ohalos
should be Perek 1 Mishnah *2* d'Ohalos

(a) If a person makes a vow to become a Nazir without stipulating a time period, his Nezirus lasts for a period of thirty days. During this period, the Nazir is not allowed to: (1) cut his hair; (2) become Tamei by touching or being in the same room as a corpse; or (3) consume any products of the grapevine.
(b) When a Nazir completes his period of Nezirus, he must offer three sacrifices: a male sheep as an Olah, a female sheep as a Chatas, and a ram as a Shelamim. Together with the Shelamim he brings 6 and 2/3 Esronos of Soles (fine flour) which are made into 20 loaves of Matzah, 10 Chalos (unleavened loaves) and 10 Rekikin (flat Matzos).

The Minchas Nesachim is a Korban Minchah (meal-offering) which is brought together with a Korban Shelamim or Olah, whether of the Tzibur (Bamidbar 28:20) or of an individual (Bamidbar 15:3-16, 28:11-15). It is called Minchas "Nesachim" because, it is normally brought along with the Nesachim (wine libations) that are offered with the Korban.

3) [line 22] YOSERES HA'KAVED - the diaphragm
4) [line 33] SHE'EIN KORBAN TZIBUR CHALUK - the Halachic restrictions of a the various parts of a Korban that is offered by the community, are dealt with equally. (That is, if some of it may be brought b'Tum'ah, it may all be brought b'Tum'ah.)

4) [line 34] CHEREV HAREI HU K'CHALAL (A sword is like a corpse)
(a) Any metal utensil that touches a dead body is given the same level of Tum'ah as the dead body, i.e. it becomes an Avi Avos ha'Tum'ah. Similarly, if a metal utensil touches an Av ha'Tum'ah, it becomes an Av ha'Tum'ah. (A Rishon or Sheni l'Tumah cannot make utensils Tamei.)
(b) According to some Rishonim, this law applies to non-metal utensils as well -- see Insights to Pesachim 14b.

5) [line 35] B'TUM'AS HA'GUF
Tum'as ha'Guf means that the Kohen himself, as opposed to the Korban which he is offering or eating, is Tamei. It is prohibited to offer a Korban, enter the Mikdash (Bamidbar 5:3), or eat Kodshim (Vayikra 12:4) while Tamei. The punishment for offering a Korban b'Tum'ah is Misah b'Yedei Shamayim; for entering the Mikdash or eating Kodshim b'Tum'ah is Kares.

6) [line 36] TUM'AS SHERETZ
(a) All *sources* of Tum'ah are called Av ha'Tum'ah, (except for a corpse, which can generate more Tum'ah than any other object and is therefore referred to as an "Avi Avos ha'Tum'ah.")
(b) When one object makes another object Tamei, the second object has a weaker Tum'ah than the first. If something becomes Tamei from an Av ha'Tum'ah, it is called a Rishon l'Tum'ah. A Rishon makes a Sheni l'Tumah. A Rishon and Sheni l'Tum'ah are referred to as Velad ha'Tumah (the offspring of Tumah).
(Liquids are an exception to the above rule. The Chachamim decreed that liquids should always be a Rishon; even if touched by a Sheni.)
(c) A Sheretz, even if it is only the size of an Adashah (lentil bean) is an Av ha'Tum'ah. It makes a person or object Tamei through Maga (contact). If a person becomes Tamei by touching a Sheretz, he can immediately go the Mikvah. After nightfall he becomes Tahor and may eat Terumah or Kodshim.

7) [line 37] TUM'AS BASAR
Tum'as Basar means that the Kodshim, as opposed to the Kohen eating it or offering it, became Tamei. If an animal of Kodshim becomes Tamei, its meat is forbidden to be eaten (Vayikra 7:19). The punishment for eating meat that is Tamei intentionally is Malkos. (Sefer ha'Chinuch #145)

(a) The Torah permits offering Korbenos Tzibur (communal sacrifices) b'Tum'ah. Therefore, Korbenos Temidim and the Musafim of Shabbos, Yom Tov and all other Korbanos and Menachos that are brought for the Tzibur, such as Minchas ha'Omer and the Shtei ha'Lechem, may be offered even if there is a need to offer them b'Tum'ah (as will be explained below). The Korban Pesach is also called a Korban Tzibur, even though it is offered by individuals, since everyone brings it together at one time in one assemblage ("Kenufya"). The Gemara cites several sources in the Torah for this Halachah (Pesachim 66b, 77a, see also Insights to 79a).

(b) The Tana'im argue whether Tum'ah is *Hutrah* b'Tzibur or *Dechuyah* b'Tzibur (Pesachim 77a, Yuma 7b).

1. The Gemara in Yuma explains that according to all opinions, if certain Kohanim in the Mikdash are Teme'im and others are Tehorim, the Tehorim do the Avodah. However, if all of the Kohanim of the Beis Av (the group of Kohanim whose day it is to do the Avodah) are Teme'im, there is a dispute as to whether the Korbanos are offered b'Tum'ah. One opinion holds that the Torah entirely cancelled the prohibitions against Tum'ah with regard to Korbenos Tzibur ("Hutrah"); therefore the Kohanim who are Tamei may perform the Avodah. Others rule that Kohanim from other Batei Avos who are Tahor should be sought to do the Avodah, since only with reluctance did the Torah permit offering Korbenos Tzibur b'Tum'ah ("Dechuyah"). The prohibitions of Tum'ah are only pushed aside in the event of great necessity.
2. Another practical difference that arises from the argument whether Tum'ah is Hutrah or Dechuyah is that according to the opinion that Tum'ah is Dechuyah b'Tzibur, a Korban Tzibur in which the blood, flesh or Chelev became Tamei may only be offered *in conjunction with* the conciliatory effects of the Tzitz (see Background to Pesachim 77:7b). If the Tzitz is not Meratzeh for the Korban, the Korban may not be offered b'Tum'ah (Pesachim 77a).
(c) If either the holy utensils needed to offer the Korban, or the flesh or blood of the Korban became Tamei, the Korban may be offered b'Tum'ah. The Korban Pesach is brought b'Tum'ah if the entire or most of the assembly that is bringing Korban Pesach became Tamei. When most of the people assembly is Tamei, even the people who are Tehorim may bring their Korban Pesach b'Tum'ah (Pesachim 79a).


9) [line 39] MASHLIMOS LA'TEME'IN - help make up the fifty percent Teme'im (because the majority of the women are Tamei)

10) [line 43] ODFOS AL HA'TEHORIN - are in addition to the Tehorim (making the number of Tehorim more than half, because the majority of the women are Tehorim)

Next daf


For further information on
subscriptions, archives and sponsorships,
contact Kollel Iyun Hadaf,