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Pesachim 70

***************GIRSA SECTION********************
We recommend using the textual changes suggested by the Bach, Rav B. Rensburg and the parenthetical marginal notes of the Vilna Shas. This section is devoted to any *OTHER* changes that we feel ought to be made in Gemara, Rashi or Tosfos.)

[1] Gemara 70a [line 31]:
The words "Af Al Gav *d'Chi Akshei* Rachmana"
should be "Af Al Gav *d'Akshah* Rachmana"
This is the Girsa of the Manuscripts and the emendation of the Maharam.

Every Jewish male is obligated to come to the Azarah of the Beis ha'Mikdash on Pesach, Shavuos and Sukos, and bring an animal as a Korban Chagigah, as the Torah states, "Shalosh Regalim Tachog Li ba'Shanah" (Shemos 23:14).

2) [line 10] SIMCHAH
(a) The Mitzvah of Simchah (Devarim 27:7) that applies on the three Holidays of Pesach, Shavu'os and Sukos is to eat from sacrifices every day of the holiday. If no other sacrifice is available, the people bring a special Korban, known as Shalmei Simchah, for the purpose of fulfilling this Mitzvah. Women are also obligated in this Mitzvah (RAMBAM Hilchos Chagigah 1:1).
(b) Besides offering extra Korbanos, the Mitvah of Simchah also requires that all of the Jews be happy on the holidays. Buying food and clothing that cause one to be happy, each person according to his taste, fulfills this Mitvah. One must also remember to support the poor and downtrodden on Yom Tov, for if one spends one's time eating and drinking without helping the poor, it is not considered a Simchah Shel Mitzvah; rather, it is Simchas Kreiso (a feast for one's stomach) (RAMBAM Hilchos Yom Tov 6:17-18)

3) [line 33] SHONEH U'MATBIL - he immerses it (possibly) a second time in a Mikvah (since he is in doubt if its owner immersed it at all)

4) [line 33] KUFITZ - a cleaver


5) [line 2] D'MIS NASI - the Nasi died (in which case everyone is obligated to take a part in his burial)

*6*) [line 6] D'NASI GOSES BI'SHELOSHAH ASAR - that is, on the 13th the Nasi was about to die [and the knife was found on the following day, the 14th].

7a) [line 19] TA'AMA D'PERUSHIM NEIKU V'NIFROSH - must we explain the reasoning or arguments of the seceders/renegades?!

9) [line 22] MOSAR HA'PESACH (leftover animals which were originally made Kadosh as a Korban Pesach but were not brought as Pesachim)
(a) If an animal was set aside as a Korban Pesach, but was not brought as a Korban Pesach for some reason (e.g. because it was lost on the 14th of Nisan), it is called "Mosar ha'Pesach" and may be offered as a Korban Shelamim. The Mosar ha'Pesach is identical to a Shelamim except that it is eaten only for one day and one night, instead of two days and the night in between.
(b) Some say that in order to become like a Shelamim the Mosar ha'Pesach needs an Akirah (TOSFOS 60b DH b'She'ar). If the animal is slaughtered *without* Akirah, it is still considered a full-fledged Pesach and is Pasul since it was not slaughtered during its proper time (see Pesachim 60b). The act of slaughtering the animal she'Lo l'Shema (e.g. slaughtering it for the sake of offering a Shelamim or Olah), however, qualifies as an Akirah and makes the animal into a Shelamim. 10) [line 34] AVIN TICHLA - Avin the bereaved (who buried his children)
11) [line 34] AVIN TICHLA, LEIMA KI HA MILSA - (a) is it fitting that Ravin (= Rav Avin) should say such a thing?; (b) such a thing is fit to be said by Avin the Bereaved (who lived at the time of Abaye, and not by Ravin who lived long before) (MAHARSHAL)

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