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Pesachim 67

***************GIRSA SECTION********************
We recommend using the textual changes suggested by the Bach, Rav B. Rensburg and the parenthetical marginal notes of the Vilna Shas. This section is devoted to any *OTHER* changes that we feel ought to be made in Gemara, Rashi or Tosfos.)

[1] Gemara 67a [line 24]:
"Badad Yeshev, Michutz la'Machaneh Moshavo,"
*Badad Yeshev, Levado Yeshev, Michutz la'Machaneh Moshavo*
The words "Badad Yeshev, Levado Yeshev, Michutz la'Machaneh Moshavo" are
unnecessary and arose from a misunderstanding of the words of the Maharshal

[2] Rashi 67a DH Lo Yochlu Mimenu:
The words "*Gabei* Ish Ki Yiheyeh Tamei"
should be "*d'Gabei* Ish Ki Yiheyeh Tamei" (early printings of the Gemara)

[3] Rashi 67a DH Yachol Yehu Zavin:
The words "mid'Lo Kesiv *Machaneh*"
should be "mid'Lo Kesiv *Machanam*"
(RASHASH; this is also the Girsa in the manuscript of Nimukei SHZVNI)

There are three Machanos (designated holy areas) within the city of Yerushalayim, corresponding to their respective areas in the Midbar:
(a) The entire area within the walls of Yerushalayim, excluding Har ha'Bayis, is Machaneh Yisrael. This area corresponded to the area of encampment of the twelve tribes in the Midbar. Machaneh Yisrael is off- limits to Metzora'im. Metzora'im are also forbidden to enter any walled city in Eretz Yisrael.
(b) The area between the Azarah and the wall encompassing Har ha'Bayis, including the Ezras Nashim, is Machaneh Leviyah. This corresponding to the area around the Mishkan, where the Leviyim encamped. In this area it is prohibited not only to Metzora'im to enter, but also for Zavin, Zavos, Nidos and Yoldos to enter.
(c) The entire area within the Azarah (i.e. the Ezras Yisrael and the Ezras Kohanim that contained the Beis ha'Mikdash, the Mizbe'ach, and various Lishkos or chambers -- not the Ezras Nashim is Machaneh Shechinah (excluding the area under the gate to the Azarah known as Sha'ar Nikanor). This corresponded to the area of the Mishkan [within the Kela'im/curtains]. This area is even prohibited to a person who is Tamei Mes.


2) [line 4] PERI'AH/PERIMAH
A Metzora Muchlat (a person whom the Kohen has confirmed to be a Metzorah) must let his hair grow (Peri'ah), make a tear (Perimah) of at least a Tefach in his clothes and cover his head down to his lips like a mourner, as stated in Vayikra 13:45

See above, Background to Pesachim 66:16:c

4) [line 6] HESET
See above, Background to Pesachim 66:16:f

5) [line 7] BA'AL KERI
A man who has emitted Keri (semen) becomes a Rishon l'Tum'ah. He may not enter the Machaneh Leviyah (i.e. the Temple Mount), nor may he eat Ma'aser, Terumah or Kodshim. After he immerses in a Mikvah he becomes Tahor and may eat Ma'aser and enter Machaneh Leviyah once again (mid'Oraisa -- the Rabanan however prohibited him from entering the Ezras Nashim until nightfall). He remains a "Tevul Yom" until nightfall, after which he may once again eat Terumah or Kodshim.

6a) [line 11] K'CHASIMAS PI HA'AMAH - an amount that can seal the opening of the male organ
*b*) [line 11] K'CHASIMAS PI HA'AMAH - (this size is larger than a Gris, which is the size of a Nega Tzara'as - TOSFOS)

7) [line 23] MECHILOS - tunnels or caverns (that were located under the Azarah, RASHI -- however, the Gemara 86a concludes that the tunnels under discussion led into Har ha'Bayis, and the question is whether they had Kedushas Har ha'Bayis and not Kedushas ha'Azarah, see Insights)

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