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Previous dafPesachim 66
PESACHIM 66 - has been dedicated by Mr. Avi Berger of Queens, N.Y. in memory
of his parents, Pinchas ben Reb Avraham Yitzchak, and Leah bas Michal
1) [line 6] HAVEI LI MO'ED L'ELU - bring me a source that states "Mo'ed" (a
fixed time) regarding these actions (Harkavaso, Hava'aso mi'Chutz la'Techum,
Chatichas Yabalto and Haza'ah)
2) [line 11] BENEI BESEIRAH - Rebbi Yehoshua, Rebbi Shimon and Rebbi
Yehudah, the children of Beseirah, one of whom was the Nasi, all of whom
could not recall the Halachah (MAHARSHA)
3) [line 31] MEKANTERAN BI'DEVARIM - to annoy them with his words [(O.F.
contrarier) to vex, to offend]
4) [line 47] BISHLAMA GEZEIRAH SHAVAH LO GAMRISU - Granted, you did not
learn the Gezeirah Shavah (from your teachers)
5) [line 5] EIN MA'ARICHIN (ERCHIN)
Erech (= endowment valuation) refers to a special form of vow. If a person
declares, "Erech Ploni Alay" ("I accept upon myself to give the endowment
value of so-and-so to Hekdesh"), he must give the specific value that the
Torah designates for the person's gender and age group as stated in Vayikra
27:1-8. It makes no difference at all whether the person is healthy or sick,
strong or weak.
THE "ERECH" THAT THE TORAH SPECIFIES IN VAYIKRA 27
|1 Mo. - 5 Yrs.
|5 - 20 Yrs.
|20 - 60 Yrs.
|Over 60 Yrs.
|| 15 Shekels
|| 10 Shekels
6) [line 6] EIN MACHARIMIN (CHEREM)
There are two types of Charamim (a type of vow or pledge):
1. Chermei Kohanim, which are given to the Kohanim for their personal use
and cannot be redeemed from the Kohen;
2. Chermei Shamayim, which are given to the Beis ha'Mikdash for the Bedek
ha'Bayis and can be redeemed like any other Hekdesh.
7) [line 11] MECHAMER
It is forbidden to lead a laden animal on Shabbos, even by calling to it, as
it states, "Lema'an Yanu'ach Shorcha va'Chamorecha" (Shemos 23:12) "v'Chol
Behemtecha" (Devarim 5:14) (RAMBAM Hilchos Shabbos 20:1-2, 6)
7) [line 19] KOL HA'MISYAHER - anyone who becomes haughty or boastful
8) [line 25] "CHADLU FERAZON B'YISRAEL, CHADELU; AD SHA'KAMTI DEVORAH,
SHA'KAMTI EM B'YISRAEL" - "The inhabitants of the unfortified cities ceased
[to live in them], they ceased in Israel. Until I, Devorah, arose; I arose,
a mother of Israel." (Shoftim 5:7)
9) [line 27] "URI URI DEVORAH, URI URI DABRI SHIR; [KUM BARAK, U'SHAVEH
SHEVYECHA BEN AVINO'AM]" - "Awake, Awake, Devorah, awake, awake, utter a
song; [arise Barak, and lead away your captives, son of Avino'am]" (Shoftim
10) [line 32] "VA'YIKTZOF MOSHE AL PEKUDEI HE'CHAYIL; SAREI HA'ALAFIM
V'SAREI HA'ME'OS HA'BA'IM MI'TZEVA HA'MILCHAMA" - "And Moshe was angry at
the officers of the host; the commanders of thousands and the commanders of
hundreds who were returning from the military campaign." (Bamidbar 31:14)
11) [line 35] I'ALAM MINEI - it became concealed from him
12) [line 37] "[VA'YOMER ELISHA ...] KI LULEI PENEI YEHOSHAFAT MELECH
YEHUDAH ANI NOSEI, IM ABIT ELECHA V'IM ER'EKA" - "[And Elisha said, ...]
surely, were it not that I have regard for the presence of Yehoshafat the
king of Yehudah, I would not look towards you, nor see you." (Melachim II
13) [line 40] "[VA'YISHMA ELI'AV ACHIV HA'GADOL B'DABRO EL HA'ANASHIM,]
VA'YICHAR AF ELI'AV B'DAVID, VA'YOMER LAMAH ZEH YARADTA V'AL MI NATASHTA
ME'AT HA'TZON HA'HENAH BA'MIDBAR, ANI YADATI ES ZEDONCHA V'ES RO'A LEVAVECHA
KI LEMA'AN RE'OS HA'MILCHAMAH YARADTA." - "[And Eli'av his eldest brother
heard when he spoke to the men,] and Eli'av's anger burned against David,
and he said, "Why did you come down here, and with whom have you left those
few sheep in the wilderness? I know your insolence, and your peevishness,
that you have come down to see the battle." (Shmuel I 17:28)
14) [line 47] PESACH SHENI
If either the Kohanim, the Klei Shares, or the majority of the Jewish people
are Tamei Tum'as Mes on the 14th day of Nisan, the Korban Pesach is brought
b'Tum'ah. Otherwise, those who are Tahor bring it b'Taharah while those
individuals who are Tamei bring their Korban on Pesach Sheni (the 14th of
15) [line 49] TZARU'A
(a) When a person develops a mark that looks like Tzara'as, a Kohen must
ascertain whether or not it is a Nega Tzara'as. If it is indeed a Nega
Tzara'as, the Kohen tentatively pronounces him Tamei for one or two weeks,
making him a Metzora Musgar. The Kohen returns after a week to see what
changes, if any, occurred to the mark. If the Kohen *confirms* the Tum'ah of
the Metzora due to the appearance of Simanei Tum'ah in the mark, the Kohen
pronounces him a Metzora Muchlat. A Metzora Muchlat remains Tamei until his
Simanei Tum'ah go away.
(b) The names and colors of four types of marks that make a person a Metzora
are: (1) Baheres, which is the color of snow; (2) Se'eis, which is the color
of clean, white newborn lamb's wool; (3) Sapachas of Baheres, which is the
color of the plaster used to whitewash the Beis ha'Mikdash; (4) Sapachas of
Se'eis, which is the color of the white membrane found on the inside of an
(c) A Metzora is not allowed into "Machaneh Yisrael," i.e. any walled city
16) [line 49] ZAV/ZAVAH
(a) A Zav, a man who emits Zov two or three times, whether it is emitted in
one day or in two or three consecutive days, is an Av ha'Tum'ah and is not
permitted to enter "Machaneh Leviyah" (the Har ha'Bayis, or the Temple
Mount). Zov is a clear discharge with the appearance of the white of a
sterile or spoiled egg, in contrast with semen, which has the consistency of
fresh egg white. Zov can also be a pus-like discharge resembling the liquid
from barley dough or soft barley batter.
(b) A woman who has a show of blood for three consecutive days during her 11
days of Zivah, becomes a Zavah Gedolah, and is also an Av ha'Tum'ah.
(c) A Zav and a Zavah, like a Nidah and a Yoledes, can cause objects that
are *under* them to become Avos ha'Tum'ah whether they touch them or not.
The objects become Tamei Midras (lit. an object that is treaded upon),
otherwise known as Mishkav or Moshav ha'Zav/ha'Zavah (or the *Tachton*, of a
Zav or Zavah.) An object under a Zav or a Zavah becomes a Midras only if it
was made for lying, sitting, or leaning upon. Earthenware objects (Klei
Cheres) cannot become Midras.
(d) A person who *touches* (Maga) or *carries* (Masa) either a Midras or a
Zav or Zavah themselves, along with the clothes he is wearing and other
utensils (except for earthenware utensils) that he is touching at the time,
get the status of Rishon l'Tum'ah.
(e) Utensils or clothes which lie *above* the Zav or Zavah also get the
status of a Rishon l'Tum'ah, whether they touch them or not. These are
called the *Elyon* of a Zav or Zavah.
(f) A Zav or Zavah also cause Tum'ah through Heset, when they move (or
outweigh on a balance scale) a person or object that is Tahor. In all other
types of Tum'ah besides Zav, Zavah, Nidah and Yoledes, the Tamei who moves a
person or object that is Tahor does *not* Metamei the person or object. Only
Zav, etc. can Metamei people or objects in this way.