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Pesachim 63

(a) If one of the four Avodos of a Korban (see Background to Pesachim 59:16) was done with the intention of eating it or offering it after its allotted time, the Korban becomes disqualified. Such a Korban is forbidden to be eaten (see Background to Pesachim 61:5).
(b) Some Avodos consist of two distinct actions. In such cases, there is a disagreement as to whether it becomes Pigul if only *one of the two* actions that comprise the Avodah are done with the intention of eating the Korban after its allotted time. For example, Shechitah consists of cutting through two parts of the neck; the trachea (Kaneh) and the esophagus (Veshet). The offering of a Minchah on the Mizbe'ach consists of two parts; offering the flour, and offering the Levonah (frankincense). If one of the two were offered with the intention of eating from the Korban or Minchah after its proper time, Rebbi Meir disqualifies the Korban while the Rabanan permit it (Menachos 16a).


2) [line 1] V'AD SHE'YEHEI IMO BA'AZARAH - and only when the Chametz is with him in the Azarah

3) [line 6] TODAH
(a) The Todah (thanksgiving-offering) was a form of Shelamim that was eaten for only one day and one night (Vayikra 7:15). An animal that was sacrificed as a Todah was brought together with forty loaves of bread, ten each of the following: (1) unleavened loaves mixed with oil; (2) flat unleavened Matzos saturated with oil; (3) unleavened loaves made of boiled flour mixed with oil; (4) loaves of leavened bread. One loaf of each type of bread was given to the Kohen who performed the Zerikas ha'Dam of the Todah (Vayikra 7:14). (These four loaves were known as Terumas Lachmei Todah.)
(b) As with other Kodshim Kalim, the Chazeh (breast) and Shok (thigh) of the animal were given to the Kohen (Vayikra 7:34). Certain fats and other parts of the Korban were offered on the Mizbe'ach (Vayikra 3:3-4, 9-10, 14-15). The rest of the Korban and the rest of the loaves of bread were eaten by the owner of the Korban and his guests inside the borders of the city of Yerushalayim.

4) [line 8] CHUTZ L'CHOMAS BEIS PAGI - outside of the wall of Beis Pagi, an area located at the city limits of Yerushalayim; i.e. outside of the outermost wall of Yerusalayim

5) [line 12] HASRA'AS SAFEK (The warning that is in doubt)
(a) If a person transgresses a Lav for which the punishment is the death penalty or lashes, he can only be put to death or lashed if he has been given a proper Hasra'ah (warning). The warning must be, "Abstain, because this action is prohibited and you will be punished with the death penalty or lashes for doing it," or something to that effect. If the warning is, "Abstain, because this action *might be* prohibited ...," it is called Hasra'as Safek. If it turns out that a transgression was done, the Amora'im argue as to whether Malkos may be administered.
(b) For example, witnesses warn a person who was slaughtering a Korban Pesach, "Do not slaughter that Korban, since you may own Chametz." Even if he did possess Chametz at the time, he does not receive Malkos according to the opinion that Hasra'as Safek is not a Hasra'ah, since the witnesses did not warn him that he *was* about to transgress a prohibition; rather, they warned him that he *might* transgress a prohibition.
Similarly, a person vows to eat a certain loaf of bread today, and witnesses warn him, "Eat that bread immediately, since if you do not eat it now, you may not be able to eat it at another time before the day ends, and you will break your vow." This is also a Hasra'as Safek, since the witnesses cannot warn him that he will certainly be transgressing a prohibition at this time. It will only become clear that he has transgressed his vow after the day ends.

6) [line 17] LAV SHE'EIN BO MA'ASEH - a Lav which is transgressed without performing any action (e.g. a person vows to eat a certain loaf of bread today. By *not* eating the bread during that day, he transgresses his vow.)

7) [line 29] KELI SHARES (A holy utensil)
A Keli Shares makes holy anything that enters it (Shemos 30:29) (RASHI). TOSFOS DH Midi points out that this applies only when the utensil is in the Azarah.

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