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Pesachim 47

***************GIRSA SECTION********************
We recommend using the textual changes suggested by the Bach, Rav B. Rensburg and the parenthetical marginal notes of the Vilna Shas. This section is devoted to any *OTHER* changes that we feel ought to be made in Gemara, Rashi or Tosfos.)

[1] Gemara 47b [line 2]:
"b'Avanim Mekurzalos"
Rashi is not Gores the word Mekurzalos (see Tosfos DH b'Avanim Mekurzalos)

1) [line 14] SHTEI HA'LECHEM
The Shtei ha'Lechem is an offering of two loaves of bread (that are Chametz) which is brought on Shavuos. It is baked from the newly grown wheat (Vayikra 23:17). One loaf is given to the Kohen Gadol and the other is divided among the rest of the Kohanim in the Mikdash at the time. They are eaten on the day of Shavuos and the night afterwards, until midnight (RAMBAM Hilchos Temidin u'Musafin 8:11).

*2*) [line 21] D'YOM TOV B'YOM TOV MIBA'I - that is, it is certainly permitted to cook something which is prohibited during this part of Yom Tov, if it will become permitted later on during this Yom Tov.

3) [line 27] TELEM - furrow


4) [line 1] A'BEIS HA'TUM'AH - in a cemetery
*5*) [line 2] HO'IL V'CHAZI L'KISUY DAM TZIPOR - (it is not clear how the principle of "Ho'il" applies here -- see Insights)

6) [line 3] KISUY DAM TZIPOR
There is a Mitzvah to cover the blood of all birds and wild animals (Chayos) that are slaughtered, as it states in Vayikra (17:13) "v'Ish Ish ... Asher Yatzud Tzeid Chayah O Of Asher Ye'achel, v'Shafach Es Damo v'Chisahu b'Afar." The blood must be covered from above and below with earth or any similar granular substance.

7) [line 4] AVANIM MEKURZALOS - soft stones
8) [line 6] TZUNMA - very hard soil
*9*) [line 7] V'TEIFUK LEI MISHUM AFAR TICHO'ACH - why can't the principle of Ho'il be applied because of the soft dirt under the hard dirt, which can be used for covering the blood of a bird?

10) [line 8] TINA - mud
11) [line 9] MESUNTA - moist land (which does not crumble into powder when crushed)

12) [line 10] GID HA'NASHEH
(a) The Gid ha'Nasheh is the sciatic nerve, the large main nerve of the lower extremity, running down the back of the leg. Eating the part of the Gid ha'Nasheh that is located on the rounded part of flesh ("Kaf") that sits on the hipbone is prohibited by the Torah (Bereishis 32:33).
(b) This prohibition applies only to wild or domestic four-legged animals but not to birds. The Tana'im argue whether it applies only to the right leg or to the left leg as well.
(c) Besides the Gid that is prohibited by the Torah, the Rabanan prohibited certain nearby fats and nerves.

13) [line 26] ME'AFAR - from a pasture-ground, meadow
14) [line 26] U'SHECHATO TAMID - and he slaughtered it as a Korban Tamid
15) [line 27] "[V']SEH [ACHAS MIN HA'TZON MIN HA'MASAYIM MI'MASHKEH YISRAEL L'MINCHAH UL'OLAH VELI'SHELAMIM L'CHAPER ALEIHEM" - "And one lamb out of the flock, out of two hundred, out of the well watered pastures of Yisra'el, for a Korban Minchah and for a Korban Olah and for Korbenos Shelamim, to atone for them" (Yechezkel 45:15)

16) [last line] PALGAS - a lamb in its thirteenth month. During its first year it is called a Keves. After a month of its second year has passed, it is called an Ayil.

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