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Pesachim 37

***************GIRSA SECTION********************
We recommend using the textual changes suggested by the Bach, Rav B. Rensburg and the parenthetical marginal notes of the Vilna Shas. This section is devoted to any *OTHER* changes that we feel ought to be made in Gemara, Rashi or Tosfos.)

[1] Rashi 37a DH v'Chen l'Inyan Lachmei Todah:
The words "veha'Todah Kesheirah *d'Ho'il* v'Karmu Paneha"
should be "veha'Todah Kesheirah; v'Karmu Paneha"
(Dikdukei Sofrim #3)

[2] Rashi 37b DH she'Chazar v'Hidbikan b'Tanur:
"l'Ma'aseh Ilfas *Nami* she'Hidbik uleva'Sof Hirti'ach"
The word "Nami" is unnecessary, since it appears later in the Dibur ha'Maschil.

1) [line 27] SUFGANIN - bread or cake made from a spongy dough
2) [line 28] DUVSHANIN - bread or cake fried in honey
3) [line 28] ISKARITIN - wafers made from very soft dough
4) [line 28] CHALAS HA'MASREIS - bread or cake fried in oil in a frying pan

5) [line 28] MEDUMA
(a) Terumah only becomes Batel if one part of Terumah falls into at least 100 parts of Chulin. Even if the Terumah is Batel, it is forbidden for non- Kohanim to eat the entire mixture; the equivalent of the amount of Terumah that fell in must first be removed.
(b) If the percentage of Terumah that fell into the Chulin was greater than one in one hundred, the mixture is known as *Meduma* (lit. mixed) and is forbidden to be eaten by non-Kohanim.
(c) According to Tosfos in Chulin 99a DH Ein, this law applies only if the Terumah was the same type of food as the Chulin; otherwise Terumah is Batel just like any other Isur.

6) [line 33] SHE'HIRTI'ACH ULEVA'SOF HIDBIK - he heated the pan and then stuck the dough into it

7) [line 38] MATZAH HINA - Matzah which has not been completely baked
8) [line 40] SHE'PORSAH - he splits it

9) [line 40] LACHMEI TODAH
The Todah (thanksgiving-offering) was a form of Shelamim that was eaten for only one day and one night. An animal that was sacrificed as a Todah was brought together with forty loaves of bread, ten each of the following: (1) unleavened loaves mixed with oil; (2) flat unleavened Matzos saturated with oil;(3) unleavened loaves made of boiled flour mixed with oil; (4) loaves of leavened bread. One loaf of each type of bread was given to the Kohen who performed the Zerikas ha'Dam of the Todah (Vayikra 7:11).


10) [line 2] K'MAN D'PERISA DAMYA - it is considered as if it has been split (since when it is moved it falls apart because it is not completely baked)

11) [line 3] HA'ME'ISA - a pasty dough on which boiling water is poured
12) [line 4] HA'CHALITA - a pasty dough that is stirred into boiling water
13) [line 6] MUGLASHIN - boiling water
14) [line 14] TAVRA - (a) there is a contradiction (between the two parts of the Mishnah) (RASHI Yevamos 13a); (b) a word used as an oath (TOSFOS Kesuvos 75b DH Tavra, citing RABEINU CHANANEL)

15) [line 36] HIDBIK MI'BIFNIM V'HIRTI'ACH MIBA'CHUTZ MAHU - to stick the dough on the inside of the frying pan and heat it over a fire

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