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Pesachim 33

***************GIRSA SECTION********************
We recommend using the textual changes suggested by the Bach, Rav B. Rensburg and the parenthetical marginal notes of the Vilna Shas. This section is devoted to any *OTHER* changes that we feel ought to be made in Gemara, Rashi or Tosfos.)

[1] Rashi 33a DH she'Im Niskaven Lachtoch Es ha'Talush:
"she'Afilu b'Shabbos"
See Insights.

[2] Rashi 33a ibid.:
The words "u'Mihu Shagag b'Shabbos"
should be "u'Mahu Shagag b'Shabbos"

1) [line 3] B'AZHARAH - he transgresses a Lav

2) [line 18] MIS'ASEK
A person must bring a Korban Chatas for desecrating Shabbos only when he does a Melachah b'Shogeg, that is, mistakenly not knowing that the day is Shabbos or not knowing that the action that he did is a Melachah that is prohibited on Shabbos. However, a person who is Mis'asek, i.e. who does a completely different action from that which he intended to do, incurs no punishment whatsoever. (See Shabbos Chart #14, where the differences between Shogeg and Mis'asek are explained.)

3) [line 33] BI'GZERAS IRIN PISGAMA, (U'V'MEIMAR) [U'MEIMAR] KADISHIN SHE'EILESA - "This edict is by the decree of the angels (Talmidei Chachamim), and this verdict is by the word of the holy angels (Talmidei Chachamim)." These words are a quote from Daniel 4:14.


4) [line 1] "REISHIS", SHE'SHEYAREHA NIKARIN - Terumah must be a "first portion" from which a recognizable amount remains which may be eaten by all. This is learned from the Pasuk "*Reishis* Degancha Tiroshcha v'Yitzharecha ... Titen Lo." - "*The first portion* of your grain, wine and oil ... give him (the Kohen)." (Devarim 18:4). (See Insights to 33a)

*5*) [line 2] YASIV RAV ACHA BAR RAV AVYA - (this is cited here because the Gemara eventually tries to bring a proof to this Halachah from the Beraisa about Terumah taken from berries cited earlier, Daf 22a)

6) [line 5] DORCHAN - he presses them
7) [line 6] MIFKAD PEKIDEI - are collected within the grapes
8) [line 9] MECHUVENES - exactly
9) [line 14] MIVLA BELIEI - are absorbed in the grapes

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