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Previous dafPesachim 26
PESACHIM 26 - this Daf has been sponsored by Joel and Liz Brauser of
1) [line 6] V'HA HACHA D'LO EFSHAR - since there was no Beis ha'Midrash
large enough to contain all of the students, and it was too hot to sit in
the open sun, this is considered a case of Lo Efshar
2) [line 9] LULIN - openings in the ceiling
3) [line 10] HAYU MESHALSHELIN - they would lower
4) [line 11] SHE'LO YAZUNU EINEIHEM - that they should not gratify/satiate
5) [line 15] ME'ILAH
(a) It is forbidden to derive personal benefit from anything that is
Hekdesh. This is learned from the prohibition of "Lo Suchal le'Echol
b'Sha'arecha ... u'Nedarecha Asher Tidor" ("You may not eat in your
settlements, ... and your pledges that you will pledge" - Devarim 12:17)
(RAMBAM Hilchos Me'ilah 1:1-3). The minimum amount for which one
transgresses this prohibition is a Perutah's worth of benefit.
(b) If someone benefited from Hekdesh intentionally, he receives Malkos and
must pay to Hekdesh the amount that he benefited. However, the object from
which he benefited remains Hekdesh.
(c) If someone benefited from Hekdesh unintentionally, the object loses its
Kedushah. He must bring a Korban Me'ilah and repay Hekdesh the value of his
benefit plus an additional *fifth* (of the ensuing total, or a *quarter* of
the original value). This is true of any object that has Kedushas Damim
(i.e. it's value is consecrated to Hekdesh). An object that has Kedushas
ha'Guf (i.e. an object with intrinsic Kedushah, such as the utensils used in
the Beis ha'Mikdash or a live Korban that is used in the Beis ha'Mikdash "as
is") does not lose its Kedushah under any circumstances.
6) [line 25] HA'MEFATEM ES HA'KETORES - one who compounds incense
7) [line 26] L'HISLAMED BAH - in order to practice and learn how to make the
incense for the Beis ha'Mikdash
8a) [line 30] L'ACHAR SHE'TA'ALEH TIMRASO - after the smoke of the Ketores
*b*) [line 30] L'ACHAR SHE'TA'ALEH TIMRASO, EIN BO MISHUM ME'ILAH - The
Gemara is answering its question: Sometimes the laws of Me'ilah do apply to
the scent of the Ketores -- that is, before the smoke of the Ketores rises
and its Mitzvah is performed.
9) [line 33] TERUMAS HA'DESHEN
(a) Every morning a Kohen must remove some of the ashes from the consumed
sacrifices and place them southeast of the Mizbe'ach alongside the ramp, at
a distance of three Tefachim (approx. 10.5 inches) from the ramp and 10 Amos
from the foot of the ramp, as described in Vayikra 6:3.
(b) It is forbidden to derive benefit from these ashes even after they are
placed at the side of the ramp. Generally, after the completion of a Mitzvah
that is performed with a particular object, it becomes permitted to derive
benefit from the object (if it was previously forbidden). The Torah
specifies that with regard to Terumas ha'Deshen, however, even though its
Mitzvah has been completed once the ashes are placed on the floor of the
Azarah, they remain Asur b'Hana'ah.
10) [line 34] "[... V'HERIM ES HA'DESHEN ASHER TOCHAL HA'ESH ES HA'OLAH AL
HA'MIZBE'ACH,] V'SAMO ETZEL HA'MIZBE'ACH" - "[... and [the Kohen shall] pick
up the ashes which the fire has consumed with the burnt offering on the
altar and] he shall put them beside the altar." (Vayikra 6:3)
11) [line 36] BIGDEI KEHUNAH (BIGDEI LAVAN SHEL KOHEN GADOL)
(a) The Bigdei Lavan of the Kohen Gadol are the four white linen garments
that the Kohen Gadol wore when performing the Avodas Penim (the service that
included entering the Heichal and the Kodesh ha'Kodashim on Yom ha'Kipurim).
They are the Kutones (long shirt), Michnasayim (breeches), Avnet (belt), and
(b) The Kohen Gadol did not use these garments again. There is a dispute
among the Tana'im as to what is done with the Bigdei Lavan after each Yom
ha'Kipurim. According to Rabanan, they were never used again. According to
Rebbi Dosa, a Kohen Hedyot, whose uniform consists only of these four white
garments, is permitted to use them. (See Insights to Kerisus 6:1)
12) [line 37] KOL SHENEI KESUVIN HA'BA'IM K'ECHAD EIN MELAMDIN
If two verses reveal the same law regarding two different subjects, we
cannot apply the law elsewhere through a Binyan Av. Through the fact that
the Torah found it necessary to repeat the law the second time, we may
deduce that the law is not meant to be applied automatically in all
13) [line 38] "... V'HINICHAM SHAM" - "Aharon shall then go into the Ohel
Moed, and take off the white linen garments that he wore when he entered the
inner sanctuary; and he shall leave [these garments] there." (Vayikra 16:23)
14) [line 41] EGLAH ARUFAH
(a) If a Jew is found murdered in a field (in Israel) and it is not known
who the murderer is, the Torah requires that an Eglah Arufah be brought in
order to atone for the blood that was spilled (Devarim 21:1).
(b) Five elders of the Beis Din of the Lishkas ha'Gazis (the Jewish "supreme
court") measure the distance between the dead body and the cities around it
to determine which city is closest to it.
(c) The elders of the city that is closest to the corpse must bring a female
calf that has never been worked to a Nachal Eisan (a swiftly flowing stream
- RAMBAM Hilchos Rotze'ach 9:2; a valley with tough soil - RASHI). They
strike it on the back of its neck (Arifah) with a cleaver, severing its
spinal column, gullet and windpipe.
(d) The elders of the closest city then wash their hands there and say, "Our
hands have not spilled this blood, and our eyes did not see [the murder]."
(Devarim 21:7) This includes a proclamation that the dead man was not sent
away from the city without the proper food for his journey or the proper
accompaniment. The Kohanim that are present say, "Atone for Your people
Yisrael whom You have redeemed, HaSh-m, and do not place [the guilt for]
innocent blood in the midst of Your people Yisrael" (ibid. 21:8). After this
procedure, HaSh-m will grant atonement for the innocent blood that was
spilled (RAMBAM Hilchos Rotze'ach 9:3).
15) [line 44] RIVKAH - a team of threshing cattle [(O.F. cople) couple,
animals that are tied together]
16) [line 44] V'DASHAH - and it threshed
17) [line 45] SHE'TINAK - that it should nurse
18) [line 3] AVAD/UBAD (PARAH ADUMAH: MELACHAH)
(a) Only a cow that has not had a yoke placed upon it and has had no other
work done with it is Kosher to become a Parah Adumah.
(b) The word "Ubad," [work] was done with it (in the verse, "v'Hayah ha'Ir
ha'Kerovah El he'Chalal, v'Lakchu Ziknei ha'Ir ha'Hi Eglas Bakar Asher Lo
*Ubad* Bah Asher Lo Mashechah b'Ol," Devarim 21:3), is spelled without a
Vav. It therefore may be read Avad (*he did* work [with it]). From this we
learn that the only work that invalidates a cow is work that was done (Ubad)
with the full intent of the cow's owner (Avad).
19) [line 7] LO YISHTACHENAH - he may not spread it out
20) [line 8] MAGOD - (O.F. cheville) a peg
21) [line 12] D'KALI LAH - he destroys it
22) [line 12] EINA BISHA - an evil eye
23) [line 15] HA'TZENU'IN - the scrupulous, who stay away from any hint of
24) [line 16] MAFSHILIN LA'ACHOREIHEM B'MAKEL - tie the garments to a stick
and put them over their shoulders
25) [line 20] YUTATZ - it must be destroyed
26) [line 21] YUTZAN - it must be left to cool off before it is used for
27) [line 26] YESH SHEVACH ETZIM B'PAS (The bread has appreciated due to the
(a) If an object that is Asur b'Hana'ah was used to create another object,
the resulting object is also Asur b'Hana'ah (Avodah Zarah 49b). This
Halachah is not only limited to food. Even if a clay pot or a garment is
created through the use of a forbidden object, it is also forbidden
(Pesachim 27a). The Tana'im argue about the status of the new object when it
is a product of *burning* the forbidden object. Rebbi rules that even in
this case the product is Asur b'Hana'ah. For example, if bread is baked with
forbidden fuel (e.g. peels of Orlah fruits or straw of Kil'ei ha'Kerem), the
bread is Asur b'Hana'ah, since "Yesh Shevach Etzim b'Pas." The Rabanan
assert that since the forbidden fuel has been consumed at the time that it
affected the bread, the bread is permitted.
(b) Even Rebbi only rules that the bread is forbidden when "ha'Avukah
k'Negdo," that is, when the *flame* which is consuming the forbidden fuel is
burning in the oven while the bread or the clay pot is being baked. If only
coals are left at the time of the baking, the product is not prohibited,
since the Isur is already gone. The Rabanan who argue, rule that even the
flame that extends from the forbidden fuel is not considered part of the
object of Isur. Rather, it is a by-product of the consumed forbidden fuel,
and it cannot make the bread or utensils Asurim b'Hana'ah.
(c) It is only forbidden to derive benefit from the product of an object
that is Asur if when the original object is Asur *b'Hana'ah* (TOSFOS 26b DH
Also, the law of "Shevach Eitzim" only renders an object Asur if no
permitted objects were also involved in its creation. If two objects, one
Asur b'Hana'ah and the other Mutar b'Hana'ah, are used to create a third
object, and both objects actively participate in the creation of the third
object, the third object is prohibited only according to the Tana'im who
rule Zeh v'Zeh Gorem Asur (Gemara 26b, 27a).
Although the Rabanan permit eating the bread that is baked using Isurei
Hana'ah since they rule Ein Shevach Eitzim b'Pas, nevertheless they forbid
baking with Isurei Hana'ah l'Chatchilah (since this certainly constitutes
use of an object that is Asur b'Hana'ah).
28) [line 26] ZEH V'ZEH GOREM
If two objects -- one forbidden ("Isur") and one permitted ("Heter") --
combine to produce a third object, the Tana'im argue as to whether the third
object is forbidden or permitted.
29) [line 29] SE'OR - sourdough; a very heavily fermented dough that is
mixed with fresh dough to cause it to rise
30) [line 32] ACHAR ACHARON ANI VA - I rule that the mixture should have the
Halachic status of the last ingredient added.