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Pesachim 16

PESACHIM 16 - has been dedicated by Mr. Eli Rosengarten in memory of his parents, Sarah bas Menashe and Avrohom Dovid bas Rav Chaim Yitzchak Ozer.

1) [line 8] TZEREIDAH - an ancient city located in the boundaries of the tribe of Efrayim (see Melachim I:11:26)

2) [line 8] AYAL KAMTZA - a type of locust
3) [line 8] DACHAN - Tahor, i.e. Kosher
4a) [line 9] MASHKIN BEIS MITBECHAYA - the water that was used and the blood that was found in the slaughtering-area of the Azarah
b) [line 9] DACHAN - Tahor
5) [line 13] A'CHADA - referring to one of the laws stated by Rebbi Meir, i.e. that it is not Metamei other objects mi'Safek

6) [line 13] V'HA KI'DEVARAV KA'AMAR, D'NEFISHI - but the Beraisa says "(Rebbi Elazar says) like the *words* (statements) of Rebbi Meir" which is plural (including the statement that the liquids themselves do not become Tamei mi'Safek)

*7*) [line 33] CHAD B'TELUSHIN - that is, one verse is discussing water that a person removed from its place on the ground (thereby granting it special distinction)

8) [last line] SHE'NISHPACH K'MAYIM - that is poured on the ground like water (and does not have to be received in a vessel and cast on the Mizbe'ach or used for any other Mitzvah)


9) [line 2] DAM HA'TAMTZIS - the blood that drains out after the Dam ha'Nefesh (the blood that spurts out upon slaughter)

10) [line 5] KIBLAH MINEI RAV SHMUEL BAR AMI - Rav Shmuel Bar Ami accepted this explanation from Rebbi Zeira

(a) Tum'ah renders Korbanos unfit for Hakravah. Therefore, if the blood of a Korban becomes Tamei before it is cast on the Mizbe'ach (Zerikas ha'Dam), it becomes prohibited to do Zerikas ha'Dam. Similarly, Rebbi Yehoshua rules that if all of the meat and Chelev of a Korban becomes Tamei before Zerikas ha'Dam, it becomes prohibited to do Zerikas ha'Dam (Pesachim 77b). In addition, if the Eimurim and parts of a Korban that are to be offered on the Mizbe'ach become Teme'im, it becomes prohibited to offer them afterwards.
(b) However, all these laws apply only l'Chatchilah. B'Di'eved, if the Kohen did Zerikas ha'Dam b'Tum'ah, and the Kohen Gadol was wearing the Tzitz at the time, the Tzitz makes the Kohen's Avodah acceptable. The Korban may be eaten and the owner has fulfilled his obligation. This Halachah is learned from the verse, "... l'Ratzon Lahem Lifnei HaSh-m." (Shemos 28:38). However, if the meat becomes Tamei, the Tzitz does not render it fit to *eat*.
(c) Korbenos Tzibur (public sacrifices) do not need the Tzitz to render them acceptable. Even if they become Teme'im through one of the above-mentioned Tum'os, they may be offered l'Chatchilah. Also, if the Kohanim are all Teme'im, they may offer Korbanos l'Chatchilah. These Korbanos, even thought they were offered b'Tum'ah, may not be eaten (with the exception of the Korban Pesach, which is a Korban Tzibur that may be offered b'Tum'ah and also eaten b'Tum'ah).

12) [line 11] HA'TZITZ - the thin gold plate on which was written "Kodesh la'Sh-m", worn on the forehead of the Kohen Gadol (Shemos 28:36-38)

13) [line 12] HA'CHELEV - the fats that were offered on the Mizbe'ach

14) [line 17] PIGUL (CHUTZ LIMEKOMO)
The word Pigul in this Gemara, according to RASHI, is referring to Chutz Limekomo. A Korban that was slaughtered with the intention of eating it or offering it outside of the *area* designated for it becomes invalid, and may not be eaten or offered on the Mizbe'ach.

15) [line 18] NOSAR (CHUTZ LIZEMANO)
The word Nosar in this Gemara, according to RASHI, is referring to Chutz Lizemano. A Korban that was slaughtered with the intention of eating it or offering it after its allotted *time* becomes invalid, and may not be eaten or offered on the Mizbe'ach. This is usually referred to as "Pigul" (see TOSFOS DH Hachi Garsinan for an alternative Girsa).

16) [line 19] SHE'HUTRAH MI'CHLALAH B'TZIBUR - which was excluded from its general prohibition when it is impossible to bring a public sacrifice b'Taharah

17) [line 21] KEMATZIM - "handfuls" [of flour or baked goods]; the parts of the Minchah offerings that the Kohen separated offered on the Mizbe'ach

18) [line 21] "HEN YISA ISH BESAR KODESH BI'CHNAF BIGDO, V'NAGA BI'CHNAFO EL HA'LECHEM V'EL HA'NAZID V'EL HA'YAYIN V'EL SHEMEN V'EL KOL MA'ACHAL, HA'YIKDASH? VA'YA'ANU HA'KOHANIM VA'YOMRU, LO." - "If one carries flesh that is Tamei (e.g. a Sheretz) in the corner of his garment, and with the corner of his garment he touches bread or pottage or wine or oil or any food, does it become Tamei? And the Kohanim answered and said, 'No.'" (Chagai 2:12) - The Gemara delineates the various opinions as to the exact case that Chagai used to test the knowledge of the Kohanim with regard to the laws of Tum'ah and Taharah.

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