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Pesachim 11

***************GIRSA SECTION********************
We recommend using the textual changes suggested by the Bach, Rav B. Rensburg and the parenthetical marginal notes of the Vilna Shas. This section is devoted to any *OTHER* changes that we feel ought to be made in Gemara, Rashi or Tosfos.)

[1] Gemara 11a [line 24]:
The words "v'Yitnenah *b'Tzad* ha'Ner
should be "v'Yitnenah *Al Pi* ha'Ner"
which is the Girsa of the Mishnah in Shabbos 29b

1) [line 5] KITUF - picking by hand
2) [line 6] HARKADAH - sifting
3) [line 7] TECHINA, B'RECHAYA D'YAD - grinding was done with a hand mill
4) [line 8] HARKADAH, AL GABEI NAPAH - sifting was done through the underside of the sieve (i.e. with the sieve turned over)

5) [line 8] BEIS HA'SHELACHIM - a field that needs irrigation
6) [line 9] SHEB'AMAKIM - grain that grows in valleys
7) [line 9] LO GODSHIN - it is forbidden to pile the grain in a heap
8) [line 17] BEDUSA HI - it is fiction, i.e. a mistake
9) [line 23] LO YIKOV - it is forbidden to pierce
10) [line 23] SHEFOFERES SHEL BEITZAH - an eggshell
11) [line 24] (B'TZAD) [AL PI] HA'NER - over a lamp
12) [line 25] MENATEFES - drip
13) [line 28] ONVO - he should tie it with a bow
14) [line 29] PUNDA - a money belt
15) [line 29] PISKIYA/PESIKYA - (O.F. faisole); a wide belt worn by women around the legs with strings at the ends with which it is tied

16) [line 35] ASI LIVTULEI - he will let it remain knotted (thereby transgressing the Torah prohibition of knotting on Shabbos).

17) [line 35] D'GARDI - a weaver's cord

18a) [line 37] BECHOR SHE'ACHAZO DAM - an first-born male calf or lamb (Bechor) that turned red because of a sudden surge of blood. (It is forbidden to inflict a wound into a Bechor.)
b) [line 37] AFILU HU MES - even if it will die if we do not let its blood
c) [line 37] MEKIZIN - to perform blood-letting, a universal medical practice until the 1800's

*19*) [last line] YAKIZ, U'VILVAD SHE'LO YA'ASEH BO MUM - he should perform the blood-letting, but not near a limb in which a cut will render it a Ba'al Mum (Tosfos Bechoros 34a DH Ileima)


19) [line 6] (MEKADRIN) [MEKARDIN] - to rub down and clean a horse or other animal with a metal comb that has thin teeth (RASHI Beitzah 23a) [(O.F. estreillier) to curry-comb; to rub down and clean a horse with a special comb]

20) [line 7] MEKARTZEFIN - to rub down and clean a horse or other animal with a wooden comb that has thick teeth (RASHI ibid.)

*21*) [line 14] U'MAI SHENA GABEI KIRTZUF - that is, Rebbi Yehudah should have prohibited Kirtzuf, combing with a thick-tined comb on Yom Tov, due to Rabbinic decree. Even though people are careful to stay away from Isurei Shabbos and Rebbi Yehudah saw no need to enact Rabbinic decrees on Shabbos, nevertheless they are not as careful to stay away from Isurei Yom Tov, and therefore Kirtzuf should be prohibited on Yom Tov -- MELO HA'RO'IM, see Ya'aetz.

22) [line 19] TODAH
The Todah (thanksgiving-offering) was a form of Shelamim that was eaten for only one day and one night. An animal that was sacrificed as a Todah was brought together with forty loaves of bread, ten each of the following: (1) unleavened loaves mixed with oil; (2) flat unleavened Matzos saturated with oil;
(3) unleavened loaves made of boiled flour mixed with oil; (4) loaves of leavened bread. One loaf of each type of bread was given to the Kohen who performed the Zerikah of the Todah (Vayikra 7:11).

23) [line 20] AL GAV HA'ITZTEVA - on the roof of the portico/arcade which surrounded the inside of the wall of Har ha'Bayis

24) [line 35] B'MEIPAK TARTEI U'ME'AYEIL TELAS - at the end of the second hour which is the beginning of the third hour

25) [line 37] B'FALGA D'ARBA - at the middle of the fourth hour, i.e. three and a half hours from the beginning of the day

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