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THOUGHTS ON THE DAILY DAF
brought to you by Kollel Iyun Hadaf of Har Nof
Rosh Kollel: Rav Mordecai Kornfeld
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- THE OPINION OF REBBI YOSI IN THE MISHNAH
OPINIONS: Rebbi Yosi states in the Mishnah that a woman who saw blood while
she urinated is Tahor, regardless of whether she was sitting or standing.
In the next case of the Mishnah, when both a man and a woman were urinating
into a trough and blood was found inside, Rebbi Yosi again rules that the
woman is Tahor. The Gemara asks why Rebbi Yosi has to say that she is Tahor
in such a case; it should be obvious. If Rebbi Yosi rules that she is Tahor
when there is only one Safek (when she was urinating alone, perhaps the
blood came from her womb, or perhaps it came from a wound), certainly he
would hold that she is Tahor when there are two Sefeikos (perhaps the blood
came from the man or perhaps it came from her, and even if it came from her
perhaps it came from a wound)!
The Gemara answers that the second ruling of Rebbi Yosi teaches us that she
is Tahor even l'Chatchilah (i.e. she may handle Taharos even l'Chatchilah),
and not only b'Di'eved (i.e. if she already handled them, they are not
Tamei). There are two ways to understand this answer.
- The second ruling of Rebbi Yosi was recorded in order to show that in
the first ruling the woman is Tahor even l'Chatchilah. (Bartenura, Tosfos
Yom Tov, and so appears to be the interpretation favored by Rashi and most
of the Rishonim)
- The second ruling was recorded in order to show that only when there
are two Sefeikos is the woman Tehorah l'Chatchilah. In the first case of
the Mishnah, when there is only one Safek, she is indeed Tahor only
b'Di'eved. (Tosfos 14b, DH v'Rebbi Yosi Mitaher, according to Rabeinu
These two ways of understanding the Gemara have significant ramifications.
According to the first way, a woman who sees blood while urinating is Tahor
l'Chatchilah and may handle Taharos. According to the second way, a woman
who sees blood while urinating may not handle Taharos (but any Taharos that
she had already handled are Tahor).
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