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THOUGHTS ON THE DAILY DAF
brought to you by Kollel Iyun Hadaf of Har Nof
Rosh Kollel: Rav Mordecai Kornfeld
Ask A Question about the Daf
- LAWS OF KESAMIM TODAY
RAV AVRAHAM AV BEIS DIN, quoted by the RA'AVAD (Ba'alei ha'Nefesh,
Introduction to Sha'ar ha'Kesamim) rule that the laws of Kesamim do not
apply today since it may be asserted that tthe sources in the Gemara that
refer to Kesamim may only be dealing with Taharos. A woman who finds a
Kesem on her clothing or bed is therefore permitted to her husband until
she experiences actual bleeding.
The Gemara states that when a woman finds a drop of blood on her bed and
she has not killed a bug, there is a difference of opinion as to whether or
not she may assume that the blood did come from a bug. Raban Shimon Ben
Gamliel rules that she may not. Raban Shimon Ben Gamliel himself, in
assessing his Halachic ruling, states that his opinion is much too
stringent. According to him, a woman will never be permitted to her
husband. All beds have some drops of blood on them!
The RA'AVAD uses Raban Shimon Ben Gamliel's statement to disprove the
opinion of Rav Avraham Av Beis Din. Raban Shimon Ben Gamliel is
specifically referring to whether or not a woman is permitted to her
husband. We see that Kesamim are not only limited to Taharos, and
therefore they ought to apply today! How could Rav Avraham Av Beis Din
answer the Ra'avad's question?
ARUCH LA'NER and CHASAM SOFER (Daf 58a) explain that although the
law of morning and evening Bedikos that is mentioned in the first Perek was
instituted to guard Taharos from becoming Temei'im, a woman who has no
fixed Veses and always deals with Taharos, also needs to do a Bedikah
before she is permitted to her husband (Gemara 11b). Similarly, according
to RAV AVRAHAM AV BEIS DIN a woman who always deals with Taharos needs to
consider herself Temei'ah when she finds a Kesem. Perhaps RAV AVRAHAM AV
BEIS DIN will admit that such a woman needs to consider herself Temei'ah
for her husband, also. However nowadays, that women do not handle Taharos,
Kesamim will not cause Tum'ah with regard to her husband.
This explanation fits accurately into the words of Rav Avraham Av Beis Din.
He claims that Kesamim do not apply today. He does not write that Kesamim
only apply to Taharos, as we might have expected based upon the
understanding of the Ra'avad and the other Rishonim. When Taharos are in
effect, Kesamim apply to marital relations also.
The overwhelming majority of Rishonim argue with the opinion of Rav Avraham
Av Beis Din. The Poskim unanimously agree that Kesamim apply today and will
prohibit a woman to her husband.
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