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Nedarim 89

NEDARIM 89 (Oct. 16) - Dedicated in honor of the 50th anniversary of Alice and Tuli Bodner by Mr. and Mrs. David Kornfeld and their children; Mordecai and Ayeleth, Elimelech and Naomi. May the Bodners continue to enjoy much Nachas and Berachah from their wonderful children and grandchildren, and soon b'Ezras Hashem from great-grandchildren, and may they experience many more years of good health and joy together, "til 120!"


(a) According to Rebbi Yishmael, if a widow or divorcee undertake to become a Nazir after she is married, when she subsequently gets married, her husband may annul her Neder.
Why is that?

(b) Who is the Tana who argues with Rebbi Yishmael?

(c) According to Rebbi Yishmael, if a married woman undertakes to become a Nazir after she is divorced, her husband cannot annul her Neder.
What does Rebbi Akiva say?

(d) What is the significance of the Si'man 'Yud, Lamed, Lamed, Yud'?

(a) What does ...
  1. ... Rebbi Yishmael learn from the Pasuk "ve'Neder Almanah u'Gerushah"?
  2. ... Rebbi Akiva learn from the Pasuk "Kol Asher Asrah al Nafshah"?
(b) According to Rav Chisda, the author of our Mishnah (which goes after the time of the declaration), is Rebbi Akiva.
How does Abaye reconcile Rebbi Yishmael with our Mishnah?

(c) Like whom is the Halachah?

(a) We learned a Mishnah in Perek Na'arah 'Zeh ha'Kelal, Kol she'Lo Yatz'ah li'Reshus Atzmah Sha'ah Achas, Avihah u'Ba'alah Mefirin Nedarehah', which comes to include when the girl's father or his Sheluchim are accompanying the girl together with the Chasan's Sheluchim to the Chupah.
Why does the fact that she is in the company of the Chasan's Sheluchim not take her out of her father's domain completely?

(b) Our Mishnah concludes 'Zeh ha'Kelal, Kol she'Yatz'ah li'Reshus Atzmah Sha'ah Achas, Eino Yachol Lehafer'.
What does 'Zeh ha'Kelal' come to include?

(a) Our Mishnah lists nine cases of a Neder made by a girl, which cannot be annulled.
Under which combined heading do the following three really belong ...
  1. ... 'Bogeres ve'Hi Yesomah'; 'Na'arah u'Bagrah, ve'Hi Yesomah'; 'Na'arah she'Lo Bagrah, ve'Hi Yesomah'? What does 've'Hi Yesomah' mean?
  2. ... 'Bogeres, u'Meis Avihah'; 'Na'arah Bogeres, u'Meis Avihah'; Na'arah she'Lo Bagrah, u'Meis Avihah'?
  3. ... 'Na'arah she'Meis Avihah, 'u'she'Meis Avihah, Bagrah'; 'Bogeres, ve'Avihah Kayam'; 'Na'arah Bogeres, ve'Avihah Kayam'?
(b) Which case does Rebbi Yehudah add to this list?
Answers to questions



(a) According to Rav Yehudah Amar Rav, the author of our Mishnah is Rebbi Yehudah.
What do the Chachamim say?

(b) Does Rebbi Yehudah (who divides them into nine categories) actually argue with the Chachamim?

(a) 'Konem she'Eini Neheneh le'Aba u'le'Avicha Im Osah Ani al Picha ... , Harei Zeh Yafer'.
In view of the Mishnah earlier which rules 'Konem she'Eini Osah al Pi Aba ve'al Pi Avicha ... Eino Yachol Lehafer', why does *our* Tana permit him to annul this Neder?

(b) Why does the Tana then find it necessary to add the reverse case 'Konem she'Eini Nehenis Lach im Osah Ani al Pi Aba ve'al Pi Avich, Harei Zeh Yafer'?

(c) Then why *is* he permitted to annul it?

(d) What is the ultimate Chidush of our Mishnah?

(a) Rebbi Nasan in a Beraisa, argues with the Chachamim (and with our Mishnah). He holds 'Lo Yafer'.
What is Rebbi Nasan's reason?

(b) The Beraisa also presents two cases. The first case is 'she'Eini Nehenis le'Aba u'le'Avicha'.
What is the second?

(c) In which way is ...

  1. ... the former case a bigger Chidush according to the Chachamim?
  2. ... the latter case a bigger Chidush according to Rebbi Nasan?
(a) What happened with that man who forbade himself any benefit if he got married before he had studied Torah?

(b) Why did Rav Acha bar Rav Huna talk him into getting married before having his Neder annulled?

(c) And why did he then smear his clothes with cement, before taking him to Rav Chisda to annul his Neder?

(d) But Rebbi Nasan and the Rabbanan's dispute refers to the Hafaras Nedarim of a husband (or a father)? They said nothing about Hataras Nedarim?

(a) In the previous case, why did Rava praise Rav Acha bar Huna?

(b) Can we extrapolate from there that Rav Acha bar Huna holds like Rebbi Nasan?

Answers to questions

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