REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Nedarim 74
(a) 'Shomeres Yavam Bein le'Yavam Echad Bein le'Sh'nei Yevamin, Rebbi
Eliezer Omer, Yafer'.
What is the opinion of ...
(b) What is the basis of the Machlokes between Rebbi Yehoshua and Rebbi
- ... Rebbi Yehoshua? What is his reason?
- ... Rebbi Akiva?
(a) What 'Kal va'Chomer' does Rebbi Eliezer present to prove that a Yavam
should be able to annul the Shomeres Yavam's Nedarim?
(b) How does Rebbi Akiva counter Rebbi Eliezer's 'Kal va'Chomer'?
(c) And what did he reply to Rebbi Yehoshua, who remarked that his argument
only pertained to the case of two Yevamin, but not to that of one?
(a) We have already explained that Rebbi Yehoshua holds 'Yesh Zikah'.
does he learn from the Pasuk "Iyshah Yekimenu, ve'Iyshah Yefeirenu"?
(b) In light of this Pasuk, how can Rebbi Eliezer permit even one of two
Yevamin to annul the Yevamah's Nedarim?
(c) Having established that Rebbi Eliezer speaks when the Arus performed
Ma'amar, how does he dispense with the Zikah of the second Yevamah?
(d) Rebbi Yehoshua too, we explained earlier, holds 'Yesh Zikah'.
status does Zikah have, according to *him*?
(a) Rebbi Yehoshua might now hold that the Yavam can annul the Nedarim of
one Shomeres Yavam for one of two reasons.
What are they?
(b) Assuming that he concedes that Ma'amar acquires completely, on what
grounds will he still disagree with Rebbi Eliezer when there are two
(c) Rebbi Akiva holds 'Ein Zikah'.
If there is no Zikah at all, then why
can the Shomeres Yavam not marry somebody else?
(a) Rebbi Elazar (ben Pedas - the Amora) maintains that Ma'amar according to
Beis Shamai, is restricted.
In which respect does it then acquire?
(b) So we establish Rebbi Eliezer like Rav Pinchas mi'Shemei de'Rava.
does Rav Pinchas mi'Shemei de'Rava say? How does that explain Rebbi Eliezer?
(c) Under what circumstances would a Yavam become obligated to feed the
(d) Why is this explanation not plausible according to Rebbi Yehoshua?
(a) We might establish the previous explanation even according to Rebbi
Yehoshua - by establishing the Rabbanan who argue with Rebbi Eliezer in the
previous Mishnah as being another Tana (even though this may be unusual),
whereas Rebbi Yehoshua actually holds like Rebbi Eliezer in this instance.
How else might we establish Rebbi Yehoshua?
Answers to questions
(b) They nevertheless argue by two Yevamin.
What is the basis of their
Machlokes, according to ...
- ... the second answer?
- ... the first answer?
(a) If Rebbi Eliezer is speaking when the Yavam performed Ma'amar, then
(seeing as it is the Yavam who acquired the Shomeres Yavam with a Kinyan)
how can he base his argument (in our Mishnah) on the fact that a woman is
acquired to the Yavam from heaven?
(b) Rabah asked whether Ma'amar according to Beis Shamai, has the status of
Eirusin or Nisu'in. Can we resolve from Rebbi Eliezer that it has the
status of Nisu'in, because our Mishnah says 'Yafer', but does not mention
(c) What are the other ramifications of Rabah's She'eilah?
(a) Rebbi Eliezer's 'Kal va'Chomer' (Yavam from Ishah) in our Mishnah cannot
extend beyond annulling the Neder together with the father (like an Arus),
and indeed, Rebbi Akiva specifically equates a Shomeres Yavam with an Arusah
(see concluding words of the Mishnah).
That being the case, how can we
suggest that, according to Rebbi Eliezer, 'Ma'amar Nisu'in Oseh'?
(b) We answer 'Mai Yafer, Yafer be'Shutfus', as we explained above.
we not query this answer on the basis that, when all's said and done, the
Tana says 'Yafer' and not 'Yafeiru' (like we do in Yevamos)?
(a) In a Beraisa which proves Rav Ami (who established Rebbi Eliezer when
the Yavam performed Ma'amar), the Tana elaborates on the three opinions in
What does Rebbi Eliezer mean when he talks about
(b) We prove Rav Ami's explanation of Rebbi Eliezer (that the Yavam
performed Ma'amar) from the statement of Rebbi Akiva 'Bein she'Asah Bah
Ma'amar, Bein she'Lo Asah Bah Ma'amar' (from which we can infer that Rebbi
Akiva heard Rebbi Eliezer establish the case by 'Asah Bah Ma'amar'). How
might we also prove it from the Lashon of Rebbi Eliezer 'mi'she'Nichnesah
li'Reshuso, Eino Din she'Tigamer Lo'?
(c) How does Rava explain the statement of Rebbi Akiva 'u'ke'Sha'ar Devarim
Kein Nedarim'? What are the 'Sha'ar Devarim'?
(d) And what does Rav Ashi prove from Rebbi Akiva in our Mishnah 'Ein
Yevamah Gemurah le'Iyshah ke'Shem she'Arusah Gemurah le'Iyshah'?
(a) What did Ben Azai comment following the opinions of the three Tana'im in
Answers to questions
(b) Ben Azai's comment is one good reason to rule like Rebbi Akiva.
is the other?