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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Nedarim 66


(a) Our Mishnah states 'Poschin be'Yamim-Tovim' u've'Shabbasos'.
What does this mean?

(b) What does the Yerushalmi learn from the Pasuk in Matos "*ke'Chol* ha'Yotzei mi'Pichem Ya'aseh"?

(c) Initially, the Chachamim permitted only the Shabbasos and the Yamim-Tovim covered by the Neder, but not the other days.
Which Tana came and taught them that, once the Shabbasos and the Yamim-Tovim are permitted, all the days are permitted?

(d) This is the Din in a case where the Noder said 'Konem she'Eini Neheneh le'Kulchem'.
What will be the Din if he said 'Konem she'Eini Neheneh la'Zeh, ve'la'Zeh ve'la'Zeh', and he then went on to revoke ...

  1. ... the first one?
  2. ... the last one?
  3. ... the middle one?
(a) The Tana also teaches us that if the Noder declares 'Shevu'ah she'Eini Neheneh la'Zeh Korban ve'la'Zeh Korban', and revokes one of them, the other one is not automatically revoked.
Why not?

(b) If, after declaring 'Konem Yayin she'Eini To'em, she'Yayin Ra le'Me'ayim' he is told that smoked wine is good for the stomach, he subsequently becomes permitted to drink wine.
Does his Neder require nullification?

(c) Is he permitted to drink all wine, or only smoked wine?

(d) Rebbi Meir issued a similar ruling with regard to onions (which the Noder forbade because they are bad for the heart).
What is the significance of a Batzeil Kofri?

(a) Why does our Mishnah say that smoked wine is good for the stomach, and Kofri onions, for the heart? Can we infer from here that being not bad for the heart is not sufficient reason to annul the Neder?

(b) We just learned in our Mishnah that if the Noder declares 'Shevu'ah she'Eini Neheneh la'Zeh Korban, ve'la'Zeh Korban', and revokes one of them, the other one is not automatically revoked. This is the opinion of Rebbi Shimon.
What does Rebbi Shimon say with regard to 'Hayu Chamishah Tov'in Oso ve'Amar (Shevu'ah) Lo Lech, Lo Lecha ... '? Does it make any difference whether he said 'Lo Lecha, *Lo* Lecha ... ' or 'Lo Lecha, *ve'Lo* Lecha'?

(c) What do the Rabbanan say?

(a) The fact that our Mishnah is a S'tam Mishnah is not sufficient reason to rule like Rebbi Shimon, because there is a also S'tam Mishnah in Bava Metzi'a like the Rabbanan.
Why does the fact that there is a second S'tam Mishnah like Rebbi Shimon not decide the issue?

(b) Why then, *is* the Halachah like Rebbi Shimon, despite the fact that he is a minority opinion?

(a) What is the Tana referring to when he says 'Poschin le'Adam bi'Chevod Atzmo u'vi'Chevod Banav'? What does he mean?

(b) We have already discussed the case in our Mishnah 'Konem she'Eini Nosei es P'lonis Ke'urah ve'Harei Hi Na'ah'.
Which other two similar cases does the Tana cite there?

(c) What did Rebbi Yishmael do when a man made a Neder not to marry his sister's (not too good-looking) daughter (which is a Mitzvah, as we learned recently)?

(d) Why did this episode cause him to weep?

(a) How did the Jewish women react to Rebbi Yishmael's death?

(b) Whom, based on a Pasuk in Shmuel, did they quote in their dirges, because at his death too, the daughters of Israel were called upon to weep?

(c) The story of Rebbi Yishmael clashes with the previous statement in the Mishnah ('Konem she'Eini Nosei es P'lonis Ke'urah, *ve'Harei Hi Na'ah*'). What do we need to add to the Mishnah so that the story matches the Halachah?

(d) Is the Halachah like Rebbi Yishmael?

Answers to questions



(a) What did Rebbi Yishmael do to enhance that girl's beauty?

(b) What is the connection between the above episode and the eulogy which that eulogizer held for Rebbi Yishmael, quoting the same Pasuk as the women "B'nos Yisrael ... ha'Malbishchen *Shani* ... ha'Ma'aleh Adi Zahav" (see Agados Maharsha)?

(c) When that man made a Neder forbidding his wife Hana'ah from him unless she gave some food to Rebbi Yehudah and Rebbi Shimon, on what grounds did ...

  1. ... Rebbi Yehudah taste some of her food.
  2. ... Rebbi Shimon adamantly refuse to do so?
(d) What curse did he place upon him?
(a) Why did that woman spit on Rebbi Yishmael's clothes?

(b) Why did Rav Acha mi'Difti think that she had not fully complied with her husband's instructions?

(c) On what grounds did Rebbi Yishmael nevertheless consider the Neder as having been kept?

(a) When that man forbade Hana'ah on his wife unless she could show something nice about herself to Rebbi Yishmael b'Rebbi Yossi, what problem did that cause?

(b) What was her name?

(c) Then on what grounds did Rebbi Yishmael b'Rebbi Yossi permit her to benefit from her husband?

(a) Language problems were not confined to the Tower of Bavel.
When a man from Bavel married a woman from Eretz Yisrael, why did she prepare him ...
  1. ... two lentils, when he asked her for two animal feet ('Talfi)?
  2. ... a lot, when he asked for a little ('Giryu'a' - see Agados Maharsha)?
(b) What did she bring him when he asked for two water-melons? Why was that?

(c) And why did she smash them on the head of Bava ben Buta?

(d) Bava ben Buta remained unruffled.
How did he react?

***** Hadran Alach Perek Rebbi Eliezer *****

Answers to questions

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