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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Nedarim 55


(a) According to Rebbi Meir, (wet) Egyptian beans are included in Dagan. Why is that?

(b) Which two categories of crops does Dagan not incorporate, according to Rebbi Meir?

(c) What do the Chachamim say?

(d) What does Rebbi Meir say about 'ha'Noder min ha'Tevu'ah'?

(a) Why did Chizkiyah ha'Melech institute that Yisrael should bring all their T'rumos and Ma'asros to the Beis ha'Mikdash? What did they used to do before that?

(b) According to Rebbi Meir (who maintains that whatever is stored is included in 'Dagan'), having mentioned "Reishis Dagan", why does the Pasuk in Divrei Hayamim ("ve'chi'Ferotz ha'Davar ... ") add "ve'Chol Tevu'as ha'Sadeh"? What does this come to include?

(c) Rebbi Yochanan informs us that everyone agrees (even the Chachamim of Rebbi Meir) that 'Tevu'ah' incorporates only the five species of grain. Why might we have thought otherwise?

(d) In light of Rebbi Yochanan's statement, how does Rava explain the Pasuk in Divrei Hayamim, which adds 'Kol Tevu'as ha'Sadeh' after having mentioned 'Reishis Dagan' (which already incorporates the five species of grain, even according to the Chachamim)?

(a) What She'eilah did Rava send to Rav Yosef (his Rebbe) when Mar bar Shmuel bequeathed him in his will thirteen thousand Zuz from 'Alalta di'Nehar Panya'?

(b) On what grounds did Abaye object, when Rav Yosef tried to prove from our Mishnah, that Tevu'ah is confined to the five species of grain?

(c) It transpired that that was nots really what Rava wanted to know.
Why not? What then, *was* his She'eilah?

(d) He thought that, perhaps the rental for ships and houses is not considered 'Alalta', because they tend to depreciate.
What is the counter argument to that?

(a) Rav Yosef was nevertheless cross with Rava for troubling him about something that he seemed to know himself.
How did Rava react to that?

(b) What caused Rav Yosef to suspect that Rava might have appeared at his home?

(c) What was the name of Rav Yosef bar Chama's son?

(a) Rav Yosef instructed Rava to explain some of the Pesukim of 'Shiras ha'Be'er' in Chukas.
How did Rava explain ...
  1. ... "u'mi'Midbar Matanah"?
  2. ... "u'mi'Matanah Nachali'el"?
  3. ... "u'mi'Nachali'el Bamos"?
(b) What happens to someone who allows his elevation to go to his head?

(c) And how did he explain the Pasuk in Yeshayah "Kol Gei Yinasei" (even though it is written in a different Seifer)?

(d) Why did Rav Yosef ask Rava for this explanation specifically now?

Answers to questions



(a) We learned in a Beraisa 'ha'Noder min ha'Dagan, Asur Af be'Pul ha'Mitzri Yavesh, u'Mutar be'Lach'.
What else does the Tana preclude from the Neder?

(b) Are kid-goats, lambs, milk, eggs and fledglings included, if someone declares ...

  1. ... 'Peiros ha'Shanah Alai'?
  2. ... 'Gidulei Shanah Alai'?
(c) In which case will the latter Neder not be valid at all?

(d) Are mushrooms included, if someone declares ...

  1. ... 'Konem Alai Peiros ha'Aretz'?
  2. ... 'Konem Alai Gidulei Karka'?
(a) What B'rachah does one recite over salt, brine and mushrooms?

(b) Why do we not recite 'Borei P'ri ha'Adamah' over mushrooms?

(c) The Tana describes the above as 'Ein Gidulo min ha'Aretz'.
How does the amended version of the Beraisa read?

(a) The Tosefta states that a Neder from 'Tirosh' incorporates all sweet drinks, but not wine.
Why is that?

(b) Why might it be that if *we* said 'Konem Alai Tirosh', we would be forbidden to drink wine, but not other sweet drinks?

(c) What would be forbidden to someone who declared ...

  1. ... 'Konem Alai Mazon'?
  2. ... 'Kol ha'Zan Alai'?
(a) If someone declared 'Konem Alai K'sus', what would he be allowed to wear?

(b) According to the Tana Kama of our Mishnah, if someone declared 'Konem Alai Tzemer' or 'Konem Alai' Pishtan', would he be permitted to wear pieces of raw wool or flax respectively?

(c) What does Rebbi Yehudah say? What example does he give to illustrate his point?

(a) All the following are listed in a Beraisa.
What do they have in common:
  1. a money-belt, a band that goes round the legs, a leather-maker's shirt and apron, socks, an apron, pants and a hat?
  2. a thick sackcloth, thick cloth (Sigus) and curtains?
  3. an ark, a box and a mat?
(b) Is one permitted to go out into the street on Shabbos wearing a sack to protect oneself from the rain?

(c) Then why does the Tana of the Beraisa specifically mention shepherds?

(a) According to Rebbi Yehudah in our Mishnah, whether or not, 'ha'Noder min ha'Kesus' incorporates raw wool and flax, depends on circumstances. He illustrated the case where the Noder obviously had in mind not to carry them.
What case does he present in a Beraisa where the Noder obviously had in mind ...
  1. ... not to wear raw wool?
  2. ... not to wear raw linen?
(b) In which point do the Tana of our Mishnah and the Tana of the Beraisa argue over Rebbi Yehudah's S'vara?

(c) Like whom do we rule?

(d) How does the Rambam rule?

Answers to questions

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