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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Nedarim 53


(a) According to the Tana Kama, what do date-honey and vinegar from Sitvani'os have in common? What are Sitvani'os?

(b) What does Rebbi Yehudah ben Beseira say?

(c) The Mishnah concludes, 'va'Chachamim Matirim', which appears to be a repetition of the Tana Kama's opinion. In fact, this is the opinion of Rebbi Shimon ben Elazar.
What distinction does Rebbi Shimon ben Elazar make between something which is not eaten, though its extract, is (such as Sitvani'os and the vinegar that is extracted from them), and something where both are eaten (such as dates and date-honey)?

(d) In which ...

  1. ... two point does the Tana Kama of our Mishnah argue with him?
  2. ... point does Rebbi Yehudah ben Beseira agree with him and in which point does he disagree?
(a) What do cider, sunflower-oil and vinegar from Sitvani'os have in common?

(b) K'risin and Kaplutos (different species of leek) are different species, as regards Nedarim.
What about Yerakos and Yarkos ha'Sadeh? What is the definition of Yerakos?

(c) What is the reason for all of these?

(d) A Neder on oil (S'tam) in Eretz Yisrael includes olive-oil but not sunflower-oil.
What will be the equivalent Din in Bavel?

(a) In a place where both olive-oil and sunflower-oil are used, a Neder on oil will incorporate both.
Will it make any difference whether they tend to use more of the one than of the other?

(b) Why do we not go after the majority in this case?

(c) We learned in our Mishnah that a Neder forbidding vegetables includes garden vegetables, but not those that grow in the fields. In the Shmitah-year the opposite is true.
Why is that?

(d) According to Rebbi Avahu Amar Rebbi Chanina ben Gamliel, this is not always the case.

When in fact, are both forbidden?

4) Having learned that 'vegetables' do not incorporate 'field- vegetables' (because they have an accompanying name), will a Neder forbidding wine also preclude boiled wine?

Answers to questions



(a) We learned earlier that, according to Rebbi Chanina ben Gamliel, there where it is customary to bring vegetables from Chutz la'Aretz to Eretz Yisrael, garden vegetables are also forbidden in the Sh'mitah.
What does the Tana Kama in a Beraisa say about this?

(b) Why is that?

(a) According to the Tana Kama, what do Ispargus (a kind of cabbage - see Hagahos ha'Gra), a Mikpah (a bean-stew to which garlic is added) and garlic have in common?

(b) Rebbi Yossi disagrees in the last two cases. He says that even someone who made a Neder forbidding beans is permitted to eat a bean-stew, and someone who made a Neder forbidding a bean-stew, is permitted to eat garlic.

(c) The Tana Kama considers 'Ashishim' to be a kind of lentil, but not vice-versa.
What does Rebbi Yossi say?

(a) What will the Din be if someone says ...
  1. ... 'Chitah Chitin she'Eini To'em'?
  2. ... 'G'ris G'risin she'Eini To'em'?
(b) Rebbi Yehudah permits someone who declares 'Konem ... Chitah she'Eini To'em' to chew wheat but not to eat bread.
Why is that?

(c) Raban Shimon ben Gamliel agrees with Rebbi Yehudah.
What does he rule in a case where the Noder said 'Konem *Chitin* she'Eini To'em'?

(d) And what does he rule in a case where someone says ...

  1. ... 'G'ris she'Eini To'em'?
  2. ... 'G'risin she'Eini To'em'?
  3. ... 'G'ris G'risin she'Eini To'em'?
***** Hadran Alach ha'Noder min ha'Mevushal *****

Answers to questions

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