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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Nedarim 51

NEDARIM 51 - dedicated anonymously in honor of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, and in honor of those who study the Dafyomi around the world.


(a) What did Rebbi promise bar Kapara for not making him laugh?

(b) How did bar Kapara succeed in making Rebbi laugh nonetheless?

(c) bar Kapara told Rebbi's daughter the day before her brother (Rebbi Shmon)'s wedding that, at the wedding, he (bar Kapara) would drink wine that her mother had poured for him (Rashi) whilst her father danced in front of him.
How did he achieve this (the first time)?

(d) So how did *he* explain the word (mentioned in Kedoshim in connection with homosexuality) "To'eivah"?

(a) He achieved the same thing two more times.
Following the same pattern, how did he explain the word ...
  1. ... "Tevel" (ibid - in connection with bestiality)?
  2. ... "Zimah" (ibid - in connection with a man who has relations with many women)?
(b) Who was ben Elasha? Why did he and his wife leave the wedding celebrations?

(c) What was ben Elasha famous for? Why did he spend a lot of money?

(d) What was so special about the Kohen Gadol's haircut? What is its source?

(a) Our Mishnah permits someone who declares a Neder forbidding a Tavshil, to eat a Turmita egg and a Remutzah pumpkin. According to Shmuel, the latter refers to pumpkins from Karkuza'a, which did not cook well.
How does Rav Ashi explain it?

(b) How do we prove Rav Ashi wrong from the Beraisa where Rebbi Nechemyah, equating an Arama'ic pumpkin with an Egyptian one, goes on to say that it may not be planted together with a Dala'as ha'Remutzah, because they are Kil'ayim?

(a) The Mishnah states 'ha'Noder mi'Ma'aseh Kedeirah, Ein Asur Ela mi'Ma'aseh Raschasa'.
What does the Tana mean by 'Ma'aseh Raschasa'?

(b) Why are they referred to as Ma'aseh Raschasa'?

(c) What will be the Din if one says 'Konem ha'Yored li'Kedeirah she'Eini To'em'?

(a) The Beraisa states 'ha'Noder min ha'Yored li'Kedeirah, Asur be'Ma'aseh Ilfas'.
What is an Ilfas?

(b) What is the reason for this ruling?

(c) 'ha'Noder min ha'Yored le'Ilfas Mutar be'Ma'aseh Kedeirah', because not everything that goes into a pot has been fried in a pan first.
Why does the Tana find it necessary to teach us this?

(d) Why is someone who is Noder from 'ha'Na'aseh ...

  1. ... bi'Kedeirah' permitted to eat what was fried in an Ilfas (despite the fact that it was cooked in a pot first?
  2. ... be'Ilfas' permitted to eat what was finished in a pan, even though the product was later placed in an Ilfas?
6) What is the difference between someone who is Noder 'min ha'Yored le'Tanur' and 'Kol Ma'aseh Tanur Alai'?

Answers to questions



(a) What is the difference whether someone is Noder from ...
  1. ... 'ha'Kavush' or if he declares 'Kavush she'Eini To'em'?
  2. ... 'ha'Shaluk' or 'ha'Tzeli' on the one hand, or if he declares 'Shaluk Sha'Eini To'em' or 'ha'Tzeli she'Eini To'em', on the other?
  3. ... 'ha'Meli'ach' or if he declares 'Meli'ach she'Eini To'em'?
(b) The criterion might lie in the words 'she'Eini To'em'.
What else might it be?

(c) In that case, why does the Tana need to add the words 'she'Eini To'em'?

(d) If someone is Noder min ha'Meli'ach, is meat that has been temporarily salted included in the Neder?

(a) Rav Acha Brei de'Rav Ivya asked Rav Ashi what the Din will be if someone says 'de'Kavush', 'de'Shaluk', 'di'Tzeli' or 'di'Melia'ach', whether the 'Daled' has the same connotations as the 'Hey'.
What is the She'eilah according to the second explanation in the Mishnah (that the criterion lies in the words 'she'Eini To'em'?

(b) What is the Halachah?

(c) What is the difference whether someone is Noder from 'Dag' or from 'Dagim'?

(d) What will then be the Din if he says 'Dag Dagim'?

(a) In the previous case, is there any difference whether the fish are salted or unsalted, cooked or raw?

(b) The Noder is however, permitted to eat chopped fish, fish-juice and fish-fat.
Why is that?

(a) What will be the Din, if someone is Noder from ...
  1. ... 'ha'Tzachanah'? What is Tzachanah?
  2. ... 'T'ris T'rufah'?
(b) Is the latter permitted to eat Tzachanah?
(a) According to Rebbi Shimon ben Elazar, what is the difference between 'Dag' and 'Dagah' with regard to Nedarim?

(b) How does one gauge the difference between large fish and small ones?

(c) What did Abaye tell Rav Papa that we learn from the Pasuk in Yonah "va'Yeman Hashem Dag Gadol Livlo'a es Yonah"?

(d) Although the Pasuk there also writes "Vayispalel Yoneh mi'Me'ei ha'Dagah', Abaye explained to Rav Papa that the first fish spewed him out and a second one swallowed him.
How can a fish that is large enough to swallow a human being whole, be considered a small fish?

(a) How do we disprove the theory that 'Dagah' means little fish, from a Pasuk in Va'eira?

(b) Then how do we explain the distinction between 'Dag' and 'Dagah' in our Mishnah?

(c) We learned in our Mishnah 'ha'Noder min ha'Tzachanah, Mutar be'Tzir u've'Tzachanah'.
Why are small, pickled fish called 'Tzachanah'?

(d) What did Ravina mean to ask when he asked Rav Ashi 'Tzichin Mai'?

Answers to questions

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