(Permission is granted to print and redistribute this material
as long as this header and the footer at the end are included.)


prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

Previous daf

Nedarim 38


(a) What did the B'nei Ma'arava (the B'nei Eretz Yisrael) do with the Pasuk in Yisro "Vayomer Hashem el Moshe, Hinei Anochi Ba Elecha be'Av he'Anan ... "?

(b) What does Rebbi Chama b'Rebbi Chanina learn from the Pasuk in Ki Sisa "P'sal Lecha"?

(c) And what does Rebbi Yossi b'Rebbi Chanina learn from the Pasuk there "K'sav Lecha" in conjuction with the above Pasuk?

(d) What is the connection between this Pasuk and the Pasuk in Mishlei "Tov Ayin Hu Yevorach"?

(a) How do we therefore reinterpret Moshe's words (in Devarim) "ve'Osi Tzivah Hashem ba'Eis ha'Hi Lelamed Eschem" and "Re'ei Limadti Eschem Chukim u'Mishpatim", which seem to imply that Hashem commanded Moshe to teach Yisrael Torah (as we learned on the previous Daf)?

(b) We initially think that "ve'Ata Kisvu *Lachem* es ha'Shirah ha'Zos" is confined to Shiras Ha'azinu only.
We finally refute this entire explanation however, from the continuation of the Pasuk.
How do we do that?

(c) In which regard then, does the Pasuk in Mishlei "Tov Ayin Hu Yevorach" refer to Moshe Rabeinu? What *did* he generously give Yisrael?

(a) Which four attributes does Rebbi Yochanan list as prerequisites to prophesy?

(b) We learn all of these from Moshe. We have already learned about Moshe's excessive wealth.
Why is there no proof that Moshe was exceedingly strong from the fact that he was able to erect the Mishkon single-handedly?

(c) Then from where *do* we know that Moshe was exceptionally strong?

(a) What do Rav and Shmuel learn from the Pasuk in Tehilim "Vatechasreihu Me'at me'Elokim" that proves Moshe's exceptional wisdom?

(b) What is the significance of the one 'Gate of Knowledge' that remained closed to him?

(a) Rebbi Yochanan lists four Nevi'im from whom we learn that all the prophets were wealthy.
What are the implications of Moshe's statement in Korach "Lo Chamor Echad Meihem Nasa'si"? Why can we not prove from there that Moshe (the first of the four) must have been wealthy (and did not therefore need to hire things from the people)?

(b) How does Rava interpret the Pasuk in Shmuel "u'Teshuvaso ha'Ramasah Ki Sham Beiso"? What does this Pasuk teach us?

(c) In which regard, according to Rava, was Shmuel (the second of the four) even greater than Moshe?

(d) What was Shmuel's reason for adopting this policy?

(a) Amos was the third of the four prophets in Rebbi Yochanan's list. Rebbi Yochanan draws on Rav Yosef's Targum for this information.
How does Rav Yosef's Targum explain the Pasuk in Amos "Ki Boker Ana u'Boleis Shikmin"?

(b) The fourth in the list is Yonah.
How does Rebbi Yochanan explain the Pasuk in Yonah "Vayitein S'charah ve'Yarad Bah"? What sum of money are we talking about?

(c) What does Rebbi Yochanan learn from the Pasuk in Ki Sisa "Vayitein el Moshe ke'Chaloso Ledaber Ito"?

(a) Under what condition does the Tana of our Mishnah permit the Madir to feed the wife and children of the Mudar?

(b) What then, is the reason for permitting it?

(c) Why do we need to say that?

(a) Why is the Madir not also permitted to feed the Mudar's animals?

(b) What does Rebbi Eliezer say?

(c) How did he explain this distinction to the Chachamim?

(d) How did they counter his argument?

Answers to questions



(a) Rebbi Eliezer's leniency is restricted to *fattening* non-Kasher animals, but does not extend to feeding them.
Why ...
  1. ... is Rebbi Eliezer bound to agree that feeding them is forbidden?
  2. ... does he then argue with the Chachamim and permit fattening? In which point does he basically disagree with them?
(b) Why did he then argue S'tam without specifying this distinction?
(a) Rav Yitzchak bar Chananyah states 'ha'Mudar Hana'ah me'Chaveiro, Mutar Lehasi Lo Bito'.
What problem did Rebbi Zeira have with this statement if it was referring to ...
  1. ... the Madir giving his daughter to the Mudar?
  2. ... the Madir marrying the daughter of the Mudar?
(b) We establish the case when it is the Madir giving his daughter to the Mudar, but when she is a Bogeres.
How does this answer the Kashya?

(c) 'u'mi'Da'atah' might be the reason for the Halachah.
What else might it mean? What might it come to exclude?

(a) If someone is Madir his son to Torah-study, does that mean that he is not permitted to derive any benefit from him at all?

(b) Is the son permitted to buy his father something from the store?

(c) Rebbi Yirmiyah Amar Rebbi Yochanan permits a Madir to give the Mudar the Kos shel Shalom. In Bavel, this was interpreted to refer to handing an Aveil a cup of wine.
How did they interpret it in Eretz Yisrael?

(d) Which condition must be met before all of these concessions apply?

(a) Yehoshua Ish Uza permits feeding the Mudar's slaves, but not his animals.
What is meant by 'feeding'?

(b) In his opinion, Rebbi Eliezer agrees that non-Kasher animals stand to be sold (and are therefore forbidden for him to feed just like Kasher animals). What does he mean when he says 'Avadav ve'Shifchosav li'Menachrusa Avdin'?

(c) Others have the text 'li'Menakrusa' Avdinan'.
What does Yehoshua Ish Uza then mean?

Answers to questions

Next daf


For further information on
subscriptions, archives and sponsorships,
contact Kollel Iyun Hadaf,