REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Nedarim 25
(a) In a Beraisa, the Tana states that the Beis-Din would clarify to the
person taking an oath that they were making him swear, not by what he
thought in his heart, but according to what Hashem and they had in mind.
To whom were the Beis-Din speaking? What sort of Shevu'ah was he about to
How do we know that the Shevu'ah there was one of 'Modeh be'Miktzas' and not
'Kofer ba'Kol' (as the Lashon suggests)?
(b) How do we initially explain this Beraisa in a way that poses a Kashya on
Rav Ashi? What are 'Iskund'ri'?
(c) In fact, we conclude, Beis-Din come to preclude the case of 'Kanya
What happened there?
(d) How did Beis-Din discover the truth?
(a) In view of the fact that the Torah in Nitzavim already writes "Ki es
Asher Yeshno Poh ... ve'es Asher Einenu Poh ... ', how do we interpret the
Pasuk "ve'Lo Itchem Levadchem"? What, according to the Tana of a Beraisa, is
it coming to teach us?
(b) Initially, we explain this to preclude those who claim that they
undertook to serve 'Elokah', and that what they really meant was some other
god whom they called by that name, posing a Kashya on Rav Ashi. How do we
reconcile the Beraisa with Rav Ashi?
(c) Then why did Moshe not make them swear that they would keep ...
(d) Then why did he not make them swear that they would keep ...
- ... 'Torah'?
- ... 'Toros'?
- ... 'Mitzvos'?
- ... 'Kol Mitzvos'?
- ... 'Toros and Mitzvos'?
- ... 'Torah Kulah'?
(a) We conclude that Moshe could well have said explicitly 'Avodas-Kochavim
What else could he have said that would cover all
(b) So why did he say 've'Lo Itchem Levadchem"?
(a) Our Mishnah presumes that there is no such thing as a snake like (which
we initially take to mean) as large as a beam from the oil-press. We query
this however, from a snake that lived in the days of Shavur Malka, King of
Answers to questions
How much was that snake known to have eaten?
(b) So we explain Koros Beis-ha'Bad to refer to cracks, on which we ask
further that all snakes have cracks.
What do we answer?
(c) Why then, did the Tana need to describe the cracks like 'Koros
Beis-ha'Bad'? Why did he not just say 'Ra'isi Nachash Taruf'?
(d) How does the Yerushalmi interpret 'Taruf'?
(a) The Tana describes Nidrei Shegagos: 'Konem Im Achalti, ve'Im Shasisi
v'Nizkar she'Achal ve'Shasah'.
What is the second case mentioned in the
(b) What is the basic difference between the two cases?
(a) We already discussed the case of Konem Ishti Nehenis Li she'Ganvah es
Kis'i ... ve'Noda she'Lo Ganvah'. In the case that follows, he saw people
eating his figs, and he said 'Harei Aleichem Korban'.
What happened next?
(b) Beis Shamai say 'Hein Mutarim, u'Mah she'Imahem Asurim'.
Why is that?
(c) What do Beis Hillel say?
(d) Why, in this last case, is the Neder void (according to Beis Hillel)
even though the Noder did not mention his father or brothers at all, whereas
in the case of 'Konem Ishti Nehenis Li ... ', the Neder is only void if he
specifically concluded 'she'Ganvah es Kis'i'?
(a) The Tana in the Beraisa compares Shevu'os Shegagos to Nidrei Shegagos.
What is the case of Shevu'os Shegagos that involved Rav Kahana and Rav Asi?
(b) On the assumption that Shevu'os Shegagos apply in exactly the equivalent
case to Nidrei Shegagos, why did we need to ask 'Heichi Dami Shevu'os
(c) And what is then the Chidush on the case of Rav Kahana and Rav Asi?
(a) What does the Tana mean when he says in a Mishnah in 'Rebbi Eliezer'
'Poschin be'Shabbasos u've'Yamim-Tovim'?
(b) Why does this Neder require a Pesach, whilst the Neder of Beis Hillel in
our Mishnah does not?
(c) Initially, they would revoke the Neder of someone who had his Neder
annulled on the basis of K'vod Shabbos and Yom-Tov as regards Shabbos and
Yom-Tov, but not as far as during the week was concerned.
When did this
(a) With regard to the case of Beis Hillel in our Mishnah, Rabah makes a
distinction between when the Noder says 'Had I known I would have said 1.
... 'Kulchem Asurim Chutz me'Aba'! and 2. ... 'P'loni u'P'loni Asurin ve'Aba
Answers to questions
In which case do Beis Hillel agree that all the others are
forbidden, and in which case do they argue?
(b) On what grounds do Beis Hillel argue in the latter case (to hold like
Rebbi Akiva), even though they agree with Beis Shamai (and the Rabbanan of
Rebbi Akiva) in the former case?