REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Nedarim 22
NEDARIM 22 - this Daf has been dedicated by Rabbi Eli Turkel of Ra'anana,
Israel, to the memory of his father, Reb Yisrael Shimon ben Shlomo ha'Levi
Turkel (Yarhzeit: 10 Av).
(a) hat does Rebbi Aba learns from the Pasuk in Mishlei "ve'Acharei Nedarim
(b) Based on this D'rashah, how did Rebbi Yanai the Elder annul the Neder of his
(c) How did Raban Gamliel, in similar fashion, annul the Neder of an old man, based
on the Pasuk there "Yesh Boteh ke'Madkeiros Cherev"? What did he learn from ...
(d) Why do we not follow in the footsteps of Rebbi Yanai the Elder and Raban Gamliel,
and use the above as Pesachim (to induce Charatah) to annul Nedarim?
- ... this Pasuk?
- ... its continuation "ve'Lashon Chachamim Marpei"?
(a) In what way does Rebbi Nasan compare someone who ...
(b) According to Rav Kahana's version, everyone agrees that one can use the first
half of Rebbi Nasan's statement ('One who builds a Bamah ... ') as a Pesach. Abaye
permits even the use of the second half ('One who sacrifices on it ... ').
- ... declares a Neder to someone who builds a Bamah?
- ... fulfills it to one who sacrificed on it?
does Rava say?
(c) According to Rav Tivyumi, they both agree that one cannot use the second half of
Rebbi Nasan's statement as a Pesach.
What is the Halachah?
(a) For similar reasons, one cannot use as a Pesach to annul Nedarim, the D'rashah of
Shmuel. What does Shmuel learn from the 'Gezeirah-Shavah "ve'Chi *Sechdal* Lindor, Lo
Yihyeh B'cha Chet" "Shem Resha'im *Chidlu* Rogez"?
(b) Which Mishnah in the first Perek lends support to this D'rashah?
(a) What does Rebbi Shmuel bar Nachmeini Amar Rebbi Yonasan (or Yochanan) learn from
the Pasuk in Koheles "ve'Haser *Ka'as* mi'Libcha, ve'Ha'aver *Ra'ah* mi'Besarcha"?
(b) Why does anger merit such a severe punishment?
(c) What can a person who is constantly angry also expect?
(d) How do we learn this from the Pasuk in Ki Savo "ve'Nasan Lecha Sham Lev Ragaz,
ve'Chilyon Einayim ve'Da'avon Nefesh"?
(a) What did Ula relpy to one the two B'nei Chuza'a accompanying Ula to Eretz
Yisrael, when he asked him whether he had done well in slaughtering his friend?
Answers to questions
(b) Upon his arrival in Eretz Yisrael, Rebbi Yochanan reassured Ula that he had done
the right thing in saving his own life. What had bothered him about his own reply to
the man from Chuza'a?
(c) How did Ula in turn, reassure Rebbi Yochanan, who quoting the Pasuk "ve'Nasan
Hashem Lecha *Sham* Lev Ragaz" (implying that such tempers were confined to Bavel,
and did not extend to Eretz Yisrael), expressed surprise that the man from Chuza'a
had displayed such a temper in Eretz Yisrael?
(a) What does ...
(b) What does Rav Nachman b'Rebbi Chanina learn from the Pasuk in Koheles "Ki be'Rov
Chochmah Rov Ka'as"?
- ... Rabah bar Rav Huna learn from the Pasuk in Tehilim "Rasha ke'Govah Apo, bal Yidrosh Ein Elokim Kol Mezimosav"?
- ... Rav Yirmiyah mi'Difti learn from the Pasuk in Koheles "ki Ka'as be'Cheik Kesilim Yanu'ach" and "u'Chesil Yifros Iveles"?
- ... Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak learn from the Pasuk in Mishlei "u'Ba'al Cheimah Rav Pesha"?
(c) What makes ...
1. ... the other Sefarim of T'nach different than the Chumash in this regard is - the
fact that they consist mainly of words of rebuke following their many sins (so that
it would have been better not to have sinned and not to have need of the Sifrei
T'nach); the Chumash on the other hand, is full of teachings, which have nothing to
with their sins.
2. ... Sefer Yehoshua different than the other Sefarim of T'nach is - the fact that
it contains the division of borders of Eretz Yisrael.
(a) Rav Asi forbade the annulment of a Shevu'ah, if the Mashbi'a used the expression
'b'Elokei Yisrael' - because he had the Chutzpah to use Hashem's Holy Name for making
(b) The exception to this rule is - if a man forbids Hana'ah on his wife using the
Name of Hashem, because he suspects her of having stolen his purse or having struck
their son. This remains subject to annullment because of Shalom Bayis.
(c) The prohibition is confined to the mention of Hashem's Name, but does not apply
to 'be'Mohi', which is only a Kinuy (a secondary name). Note: But we learned earlier
(on Daf 11a.) that 'be'Mohi' is a Kinuy for Moshe, and not for Hashem?
(a) What problem will we have if 'b'Elokei Yisrael' is merely an example of a
Shevu'ah, and Rav Asi is merely coming to forbid Lechatchilah the nullification of
Shevu'os (over which Beis Shamai and Beis Hillel will argue later)?
(b) We could answer that Rav Asi rejects *that* interpretation of the Machlokes
between Beis Shamai and Beis Hillel (whether 'Yesh She'eilah bi'Shevu'os' or not).
How could we even reconcile Rav Asi with that explanation in a way that he will still
learn our Sugya like Beis Hillel?
(c) Why is is preferable to erase the words from Rav Asi's statement 'Chutz mi'Konem
Ishti ... *ve'Noda she'Lo Ganvah ... *'?
(d) The Rashba might retain that text however, for one of two reasons. One of them,
because Rav Asi is simply copying the Lashon of the Mishnah later (but really he is
not speaking in that case).
What is the other?
(a) What did Rav Kahana reply, when he arrived at Rav Yosef, and the latter invited
him to eat by him?
(b) And what did Rav Yosef then mean when he repeated 'Lo Mari Kulei, Lo Ta'im't
(c) What does Rava Amar Rav Nachman rule with regard to ...
(d) In the latter case, does it make any difference whether the Noder held an object
of Mitzvah in his hand or not? What does the Gaon say?
- ... 'Poschin ba'Charatah'.
- ... a Neder or a Shevu'ah made with the Name of Hashem?
(a) What does Rav Hai Gaon say with regard to anulling ...
(b) Rav Yehuda'i Gaon is even more stringent.
- ... Nedarim with Charatah?
- ... Shevu'os?
What does he say?
(c) Do these stringencies extend to the Hafaras Nedarim of a husband to his wife or
to a father to his daughter?
(a) Why did Rav Nachman ask Rava to send Rav Sechorah to him when the opportunity
(b) On what grounds did Rav Sechorah present himself to Rav Nachman?
(c) Why was Rav Nachman not very impressed with him?
(d) Possibly, Rav Nachman did not anul Rav Sechorah's vow by means of a Pesach shel
Charatah (which he himself permitted), because he saw that Rav Sechorah did not go
along with that Heter. Why else might he have declined to do so?
(a) In the end, Rav Sechorah found his own Pesach, based on a statement of Rebbi in a
Mishnah in Pirkei Avos.
Answers to questions
(b) Does this mean that Rav Sechorah annulled his own Neder?
(c) Why was this not a case of Nolad?