REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Nedarim 20
NEDARIM 19 & 20 (7 Av) - has been dedicated to the memory of Dr. Simcha
Bekelnitzky (Simcha Gedalya ben Shraga Feibush) of Queens N.Y., by his wife
and daughters. G-d fearing and knowledgeable, Simcha was well known in the
community for his Chesed and Tzedakah. He will long be remembered.
(a) What do the following have in common: 'Nadar be'Cherem, ve'Amar Lo
Nadarti Ela be'Charmo shel Yam'; Nadar be'Korban ve'Amar Lo Nadarti Ela
be'Korbanos shel Melachim'; 'Harei Atzmi Korban, ve'Amar Lo Nadarti Ela
ba'Etzem she'Hinachti Liheyos Noder Bo'?
(b) What is a 'Cherem shel Yam'?
(c) Seeing as our Mishnah basically elaborates on the phrase 'u'Pirusham
Lehakel' in the Reisha, why does the Tana deal with the above cases (which
are all new ones) here, and not with the equivalent cases that it dealt with
(d) Is a man believed if, after declaring 'Konem Ishti Nehenis Li', he
explains that he was referring to his first wife?
(a) What does Rebbi Meir mean when he says ...
(b) The Chachamim disagree with Rebbi Meir in two points. According to them,
we do not punish an Am ha'Aretz who contravened his Neder.
- ... 'Al Kulan Ein Nish'alin, ve'Im Nish'alu, Onshin Osan'?
- ... 'u'Machmirin Aleihen'?
In which other
point do they argue with the Tana Kama? Why do they refer to it as 'Makom
(c) Does the Hatarah required of an Am ha'Aretz pertain to all the Nedarim
mentioned in both Mishnahs?
(d) They conclude 'u'Melamdim Osan Kedei she'Lo Yinhagu Kalus Rosh
What do they mean with this? To which Nedarim does this
(a) How does Rav Yehudah reconcile the statement in the Mishnah 'Ein
Nish'alin Aleihem' (meaning that it is not necessary to do so) with the
subsequent phrase 've'Im Nish'alu, Onshin Osam ... ' (an obvious
(b) We explain 'Onshin Osam' in our Mishnah like the Beraisa, where Rebbi
Yehudah rules that one must keep as many days as he did not keep initially.
To which case is Rebbi Yehudah referring?
(c) Rebbi Yossi disagrees with Rebbi Yehudah.
How does he qualify his
(a) Based on the Tana'im in the previous Beraisa, what does Rav Yosef say
about a Beis-Din that nullifies the Neder of someone who already contravened
(b) How would we have otherwise explained the ruling of the Tana'im 'Ein
(c) Rav Acha bar Ya'akov is even more stringent with the Beis-Din.
does *he* say?
(a) We rule like the Rabbanan in our Mishnah, with regard to both points in
which they argue with Rebbi Meir.
What is the ruling regarding ...
(b) On whom else do we declare a Shamta in this regard?
- ... someone who contravened a Neder d'Oraysa?
- ... a Beis-Din who nullifies the Neder of someone who has already contravened it?
(c) A certain Rav annulled the Neder of a man who contravened his Neder
forbidding all fruit on himself except for wheat.
On what basis did the
Ba'alei Tosfos agree with him?
(d) Upon which Chumra did the Rav nevertheless insist (due to the fact that
he had contravened the Neder)?
(a) What reason does the Tana of a Beraisa give for keeping away from ...
(b) According to some texts, the Tana says that the Cohen Am ha'Aretz will
feed him 'Terumah Temei'ah'.
- ... Nedarim?
- ... an Amei ha'Aretz?
- ... Cohanim Amei ha'Aretz?
What is the difference whether the Terumah is
Tehorah or Temei'ah, seeing as Terumah is forbidden to a Zar anyway?
(c) Why does the same Tana advise one not to talk to much to a woman?
(a) What does Rebbi Acha bar Yashiyah say will happen to someone ...
(b) What does Rav Yosef mean when he says 'u've'Ishto Nidah'?
- ... who looks at women?
- ... who looks at the heel of a woman? What he mean by 'heel'?
(c) The Tana of the Beraisa interprets 'Peneichem' in the Pasuk in Yisro
"Lema'an Tihyeh Yir'aso al Peneichem le'Vilti Techeta'u" as 'Bushah'
(reservedness - being ashamed to sin) from which he derives that the root of
Yir'as Shamayim is Boshes Panim, and from which Acheirim derives that Boshes
Panim is the antidote to sin.
What does Acheirim also say about someone
who does not possess Boshes Panim, which also stems from this Pasuk?
(d) How does he know that it also extends to subsequent generations, who did
not actually stand at Har Sinai?
(a) What did 'the angels' tell Rebbi Yochanan ben Dahav'ai about someone
who, during Tashmish ...
Answers to questions
(b) On what grounds did Eima Shalom (the wife of Rebbi Eliezer and sister of
Raban Gamliel), have particularly good-looking children (see also Rosh DH
- ... reverses the normal positioning of a man and a woman?
- ... kisses 'Oso Makom'?
- ... talks with his wife during Tashmish?
- ... gazes be'Oso Makom'?
(c) Why would Rebbi Eliezer not perform Tashmish at the beginning of the nig
ht or at the end?
(d) What did Eima Shalom mean when she described Rebbi Eliezer as 'Megaleh
Tefach u'Mechaseh Tefach'?
(a) Why was Rebbi Eliezer so scrupulously modest during Tashmish (see Rosh -
Why are the Chachamim referred to as angels?
(b) How do we reconcile Rebbi Eliezer, who used to talk with his wife during
Tashmish (it appears that, although 'Mesaper' really refers to Tashmish, it
also incorporates conversing), with Rebbi Yochanan ben Dahava'i, who forbids
conversing with one's wife during Tashmish?
(c) Rebbi Yochanan rules like the Chachamim who argue with Rebbi Yochanan
What do they say?
(d) How does Ameimar prove from Rebbi Yochanan's ruling that the 'Mal'achei
ha'Shareis' cited by Rebbi Yochanan ben Dahava'i cannot have been angels?
Then who were they?
(a) Rebbi too, follows the opinion of the Chachamim of Rebbi Yochanan ben
What did he mean when he told the woman who came to complain to
him, that he could not help her, seeing as the Torah permitted her to her
(b) What did Abaye mean when he said that it was no different than a fish?
(c) What does Rebbi learn from the Pasuk in Sh'lach Lecha "ve'Lo Sasuru
(d) Ravina carries Rebbi's statement even further.
What does *he* say?
(a) The Pasuk in Yechezkel "u'Varusi Mikem ha'Mordim ve'ha'Posh'im" refers
to 'B'nei Tesha Midos' (bad children that will result from nine improper
What are the 'B'nei Eima' and the 'B'nei Anusah'? Why does
Rebbi Levi (the author of this Sugya) list them as one?
(b) 'B'nei Senu'ah refers to a wife whom her husband hates, and B'nei Niduy,
to a woman on whom a Niduy has been declared. Who is meant by ...
(c) 'B'nei Shikrus' and 'B'nei Gerushas ha'Lev' are self-explanatory.
- ... 'B'nei Temurah'?
- ... 'B'nei Merivah'?
does Rebbi Levi mean by ...
(d) Under which circumstances did Rebbi Shmuel bar Nachmeini Amar Rebbi
Yonasan assure a man whose wife initiates Tashmish, children who will
outshine even the children of the generation of Moshe Rabeinu?
- ... 'B'nei Irbuvya'?
- ... 'B'nei Chatzufah'?
(a) In the Pasuk in Divrei ha'Yamim "mi'B'nei Yisachar Yod'ei Binah
la'Itim" - in view of the face that, with regard to the judges that Moshe
chose, the Torah first writes in Devarim "Havu Lachem Anashim Chachamim
u'Nevonim" and then "va'Ekach es Roshei Shivteichem, Anashim Chachamim
vi'Yedu'im", which word stands out?
***** Hadran Alach ve'Eilu Mutarin *****
(b) What does this have to do with the Pasuk in Vayechi "Yisachar Chamor
***** Perek Arba'ah Nedarim *****
(a) What are ...
Answers to questions
(b) What do they all four have in common?
- ... Nidrei Ziruzin?
- ... Nidrei Hava'i?
- ... Nidrei Shegagos?
- ... Nidrei Onsin?
(c) In the Tana's example of Nidrei Ziruzin, he speaks about a seller and a
buyer haggling over the price of the article.
What does each one vow?
(d) Why are their Nedarim not void? Why are their thoughts not considered
'Devarim she'ba'Lev' (unspoken words, which have no validity)?