POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by Rabbi N. Slifkin
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous daf Nedarim 70
1) QUESTIONABLE LANGUAGES OF ANNULMENT
(a) Question #2: If (the law is that) it is not annulled -
what if he said, 'It is annulled tomorrow'?
2) WHEN 1 PARTNER DIES
1. Do we say, he cannot annul tomorrow, for he affirmed
her vow today?
(b) Answer (Mishnah): A woman said 'I am a Nezirah'; her
husband said 'Also I' - he cannot annul her Nezirus;
2. Or, since he did not say that he is affirming today,
he really means that he is annulling today?
3. Question #3: If you will say that since he affirmed
it today, it is as if the vow is around tomorrow -
what if he said, 'It is affirmed for an hour'?
i. Do we say, it is as if he said 'It is annulled
after an hour'?
4. Question #2: If you will say that it is as if he did
not say this - what if he said it ('It is affirmed
for an hour, and then annulled')?
ii. Or not, for he did not say this explicitly?
i. Do we say, once he affirmed it, it is affirmed?
ii. Or, since the whole day he can affirm or annul,
it is annulled?
1. Why don't we say, he is accepting Nezirus - but he
only affirms hers for a short time, and later he can
annul it if he wants?
(c) Rejection: No - by saying 'Also I', he shows that he
wants her Nezirus to be affirmed permanently.
2. Suggestion: We learn, once he affirms it (even for a
short time), it is affirmed.
(a) (Mishnah): If the father (of an engaged Na'arah) dies,
the husband does not receive authority to annul her vows
(b) If the husband dies, the father receives authority to
annul her vows (by himself); in this respect, a father
has more privileges to annul than a husband.
1. Regarding a Bogeres, a husband has more privileges -
he can annul her vows, a father cannot.
(c) (Gemara) Question: Why don't we learn that the husband
receives authority to annul after the father dies, just
as the father receives after the husband dies?
(d) Answer: "When she is a Na'arah in her father's house".
(e) (Mishnah): If the husband dies, the father receives
authority to annul her vows.
(f) Question: What is the source for this?
(g) Answer (Rabah): "If she will be to a man (engaged), and
her vows are on her".
1. The Torah equates her vows before her 2nd engagement
to her vows before her 1st engagement.
(h) Question: Perhaps this only applies to vows that her
husband did not hear.
2. Just as the father can annul vows (by himself)
before her 1st engagement - also, before her 2nd.
(i) Answer: Those vows we already know from "When she is a
Na'arah, in her father's house".
(j) (Mishnah): In this respect ...(and a husband has more
privileges regarding a Bogeres).
(k) Question: What is the case?
1. Suggestion: She was engaged as a Na'arah, and became
(l) Answer: Rather, he engaged her as a Bogeres.
2. Rejection: Just as when the father dies, she leaves
his authority, but the husband does not receive
authority to annul her vows alone - also, when she
becomes a Bogeres!
(m) Question: We already learned this!
1. (Mishnah): A Bogeres that waited 12 months (the
husband can annul her vows - even Chachamim that
argue, admit that mid'Oraisa, he may annul).
(n) Question (m) is still unanswered - we already learned the
case of a Bogeres!
2. Question: The Mishnah itself is difficult!
i. If she is a Bogeres - why must she wait 12
months - she is only given 1 month to prepare
for the wedding!?
3. Answer: The Mishnah means, a Bogeres or a girl that
waited 12 months.
(o) Answer #1: Here we learned the law of Bogeres; there, it
was taught to teach the dispute between R. Eliezer and
(p) Answer #2: There we learned the law of Bogeres; here,
Bogeres was only taught to show that sometimes the
husband has more authority to annul.