POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by Rabbi N. Slifkin
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous daf Nedarim 62
1) AFTER THE HARVEST
(a) (Beraisa): If most of the knives for cutting figs were
stored away, it is not considered stealing to take
attached figs (i.e. they are Hefker), and they are exempt
2) BENEFITING FROM TORAH
(b) Rebbi and R. Yosi Bar R. Yehudah visited an area after
most of the knives were stored away. Rebbi ate the figs;
R. Yosi Bar R. Yehudah did not. The owner of the tree
1. The owner: Why aren't you eating the figs? Most of
the knives have been stored away!
(c) R. Chama Bar R. Chanina visited an area after most of the
knives were stored away. He ate the figs; his servant
2. Still, R. Yosi Bar R. Yehudah didn't eat.
i. He thought that the owner was too ashamed to
say that he didn't want them to eat.
1. R. Chama: Eat - R. Yosi said, if most of the knives
were stored away, it is not considered stealing, and
they are exempt from Ma'aseros.
(d) R. Tarfon was eating figs after most of the knives were
stored away. The owner saw this, and put R. Tarfon in a
sack; he was taking him to drown him in the river.
1. R. Tarfon wailed, 'Woe to Tarfon, that this man will
kill you'. When the man heard whom he had seized, he
(e) (Rabah Bar Bar Chanah): Anyone that uses the crown of
Torah is uprooted from the world.
2. (R. Avahu): The rest of R. Tarfon's life, he was
pained that he had used the crown of Torah to save
1. He learns a Kal v'Chomer from Belshatzar, who used
vessels of the Mikdash that had lost their Kedushah.
(f) Question: Since R. Tarfon was eating after most of the
knives were stored away, why was the owner upset?
i. "The coarse ones entered it and defiled it" -
once they breached them, they became Chulin.
2. One who uses the crown of Torah, which is eternal,
all the more so!
ii. "On that night Belshatzar was killed" - this
shows that he was uprooted from the world.
(g) Answer: Thieves used to steal his grapes all year; he
assumed R. Tarfon was also a thief.
(h) Question: If so, why did R. Tarfon regret what he said?
(i) Answer: R. Tarfon was very wealthy; he should have
placated the owner by offering him money.
(a) (Beraisa): "To love Hash-m, to listen to His voice, to
cling to Him" - a person should not learn in order to be
called a Chacham or a Rebbi, or to sit in a Yeshivah;
1. Rather, he should learn out of love, and in the end,
honor will come - "Tie (words of Torah) on your
fingers, write them on the tablet of your heart";
(b) (R. Eliezer Bar R. Tzadok): Do things for the sake of
(Hash-m) who made everything, speak in (words of Torah)
for their sake; do not make them a crown to aggrandize
yourself, nor an axe to dig (Rosh's text - cut) with.
2. "Its ways are ways of pleasantness, all its paths
are peace"; "It is a tree of life to those that
strengthen it; those that support it are happy".
1. This is a Kal v'Chomer from Belshatzar, who used
Kodesh vessels that had lost their Kedushah, and he
was uprooted from the world; one who uses the crown
of Torah, all the more so!
(c) (Rava): If a Chacham is not recognized in a place, he may
reveal himself - "(I, Ovadyah) your servant has feared
Hash-m from his youth".
(d) Question: If so, why did R. Tarfon regret what he said?
(e) Answer: R. Tarfon was very wealthy; he should have
placated the owner by offering him money.
(f) Contradiction (Rava): "Your servant has feared Hash-m
from his youth"; but it says, "Others should praise you,
not your own mouth"!
(g) Resolution (Rava): One may state his merits where he is
not known, not where he is known.
(h) (Rava): A Chacham may say, 'I am a Chacham; judge my case
1. We learn this from "The sons of David were Kohanim"
- just as a Kohen takes the 1st portion, also a
(i) (Beraisa - Tana d'Vei R. Yishmael): "You will sanctify
him" - for all matters of Kedushah - to read the Torah
first, to bless first, to take a nice portion first.
2. We learn that a Kohen takes 1st from "You will
(j) (Rava): A Chacham may say, 'I will not pay the head-tax'
- "Mindah, Balu, Halach will not be placed on (the
3) UNTIL THE HARVEST
1. (Rav Yehudah): Mindah is the king's tax; Balu is
head-tax; Halach is a tenth of all animals that the
(k) (Rava): A Chacham may say, 'I am a servant of the fire
(which they will understand to mean, a priest that serves
fire)', I will not pay the head-tax'.
(l) Question: Why is this allowed?
(m) Answer: Clearly, he only says this to distance a lion
(i.e. damage) from himself.
(n) Rav Ashi owned a forest; he sold it to fire-serving
(o) Question (Ravina): But you put a stumbling block in front
(p) Answer (Rav Ashi): Most wood is standing to be burned.
(a) (Mishnah): 'Until the harvest' - he is forbidden until
people start harvesting;
1. The intention is the wheat harvest, not the barley
(b) 'Until the rains', or 'Until there is rain' - he is
forbidden until the 2nd rains come; R. Shimon Ben Gamliel
says, he is forbidden until the beginning of the 2nd rain
2. We go after the harvest in the place of the vow, be
it in the mountain or valley.
(c) 'Until the rains stop' - R. Meir says, until the end of
Nisan; R. Yehudah says, until Pesach passes.
(d) (Gemara - Beraisa): Reuven was in Galil, and vowed until
the Kayitz; he went to the valley. Even though it is
Kayitz in the valley, he is forbidden until Kayitz in
(e) (Mishnah): 'Until the rains', or 'Until there is rain' -
he is forbidden until the 2nd rains come; R. Shimon Ben
Gamliel says, ...
(f) (R. Zeira): The Tana'im argue when he said 'Until the
rains'; but if he said 'Until the rain', all agree that
he means until the (usual) time of the rains.