POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by Rabbi N. Slifkin
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
Ask A Question on the daf
Previous daf Nedarim 56
NEDARIM 56 - This daf has been dedicated l'Iluy Nishmas Esther Chaya Rayzel
(Friedman) bas Gershon Eliezer, mother of Jeri Turkel, Marcia Weinblatt and
Moshe Smulevitz, after the completion of the Shiv'a (Yahrzeit: 1 Elul). She
was a woman of valor who was devoted to her family and gave of herself
unstintingly, inspiring all those around her.
1) WHAT IS PART OF A HOUSE?
(a) (Mishnah - R. Meir): One who vows from a house is
permitted the 2nd story; Chachamim say, the 2nd story is
part of the house;
2) WHAT IS A BED?
(b) One who vows from the 2nd story is permitted in the
(c) (Gemara) Question: Who is the Tana of the following?
1. (Beraisa): "In the house" - this includes a colored
house, and the 2nd story.
(d) Answer #1 (Rav Chisda): It is R. Meir - Chachamim say
that the 2nd story is considered part of the house, they
would not need a verse to include it!
(e) Answer #2 (Abaye): It can even be as Chachamim.
1. One might have thought that "A house of the land of
your inheritance" teaches that it must be connected
to the ground, to exclude the 2nd story - "In a
house" teaches, this is not so.
(f) Question: As whom is the following teaching?
1. (Rav Huna Bar Chiya): I sell you a house among my
houses - he may give him an Aliyah (2nd story).
(g) Answer: It can even be as Chachamim - Aliyah does not
mean 2nd story, rather, Me'ulah (the best) of houses.
i. Only because he said, 'A house among my houses'
- had he just said 'a house', he could not give
him a 2nd floor!
2. Suggestion: It is as R. Meir.
(a) (Mishnah - R. Meir): One who vows from a bed is permitted
a Dargash; Chachamim say, Dargash is included in the term
(b) One who vows from a Dargash is permitted a bed.
(c) (Gemara) Question: What is a Dargash?
(d) Answer #1 (Ula): A bed spread only for good luck, not for
1. Question #1 ((Mishnah): When giving the 1st
consolation meal to a king (after he lost a
relative), all sit on the ground, and the king sits
on a Dargash.
i. You cannot say that this bed is never used,
only when he starts mourning!
2. Answer (Ravina): We can say this! Regarding meat and
wine - normally, he has them only if he wants - now,
we give him!
3. Question #2 (Beraisa): They would not turn over the
Dargash, they would leave it upright;
i. (Beraisa): Not only the mourner's bed is
turned, but all his beds in the house are
3) ONE WHO VOWS FROM A CITY OR HOUSE
4. Answer: We can say, the law of a Dargash is the same
as a bed special for vessels.
(e) Answer #2 (Ravin): A bed consisting of a skin which is
tied to the frame.
i. (Beraisa): There is no need to turn a bed
special for vessels.
5. Question #3 (Beraisa - R. Shimon Ben Gamliel): It
suffices to untie the loops of a Dargash, for then
i. A bed for good luck does not have loops!
(f) Question: What is the difference between a bed and a
(g) Answer #1 (R. Yirmiyah): The ropes of a bed are fastened
on top of the frame; the ropes of a Dargash are fastened
in the frame.
1. Question (Mishnah): A wooden bed or crib is
susceptible to Tumah from the time it is rubbed with
skin of a fish (to smooth it).
(h) Answer #2: Rather, by both, the ropes are fastened in the
i. If the ropes are fastened on top of the frame -
why bother smoothing it?
1. By a bed, the ropes pass through holes in the frame;
in a Dargash, they pass through loops attached to
(i) (Rav Yakov Bar Acha): A bed that has poles jutting out at
the head and foot - it suffices to stand it up on the
head or foot.
(j) (R. Yehoshua Ben Levi): The law is as R. Shimon Ben
(a) (Mishnah): One who vows from a city may enter its Techum
(surrounding kilometer in which one may walk on Shabbos),
he may not enter its Ibur (the surrounding 71 Amos);
(b) One who vows from a house may not enter the Agaf
(threshhold) or further in.
(c) (Gemara): How do we know that the Ibur of a city is as
(d) Answer (R. Yochanan): "When Yehoshua was in Yericho ..."
1. Question: What does this mean?
(e) (Mishnah): One who vows from a house is only forbidden
from the Agaf and further in.
i. Suggestion: If it means, in the city itself -
but it was closed off!
2. Answer: Rather, he was in its Ibur.
3. Suggestion: Perhaps he was in the Techum, and even
this is considered being in the city!
4. Rejection: Regarding the Techum, it says "You will
measure from outside the city".
(f) This implies, he is permitted everything outside!
(g) Question (Rav Mari - Mishnah): "The Kohen will leave the
(leprous) house" - one might have thought, he goes home
and closes it - "To the doorway".
1. One might have thought, he stands under the lintel
and closes it - "From the house" - he must entirely
leave the house.
(h) (The question is from the fact that under the lintel is
considered as in the house, even if it is outside the
i. He stands next to the lintel and closes it.
2. Question: How do we know, if he went home and closed
it, or closed it while under the lintel, it has the
law of being closed?
3. Answer: "He will close the house" - in any case.
(i) Answer: Normally, it is considered outside the house - by
a leprous house, the Torah said that the Kohen must leave