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Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld

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Nedarim 41


(a) (R. Ami): "Lacking everything" - this is lacking a lamp and a table;
1. (Rav Chisda): This is lacking a wife;
2. (Rav Sheshes): This is lacking a servant;
3. (Rav Nachman): This is lacking knowledge.
4. (Beraisa): This is lacking salt and oil.
(b) (Abaye): True poverty is lack of knowledge.
(c) (Chachamim of Eretz Yisrael): One who has knowledge has everything; one who lacks knowledge - what does he have?
1. If he acquires knowledge, he has everything; if he does not acquire knowledge, what does he acquire?
(d) (R. Aleksandri): A sick person is not cured until all his sins are pardoned - "The one who forgives all my sins, that heals all my ailments".
(e) (Rav Hamnuna): (A sick person that is cured) returns to his youth - "Rutafash (Ratuv, Pash - will become moist and increase) his flesh more than a youth, he will return to the days of his youth".
(f) (Rav Yosef): "All his lying down you reversed in his sickness" - he forgets his learning.
1. Rav Yosef fell sick and forgot his learning; Abaye returned it to him.
i. In many places, Rav Yosef said he never heard a teaching; Abaye reminded him that he himself taught that teaching, and gave his source.
(g) Rebbi used to learn each law in 13 facets; he taught R. Chiya 7 of them. Rebbi fell sick and forgot his learning; R. Chiya taught him the 7 facets he had received, and 6 were missing.
1. There was a launderer that used to hear Rebbi learn. R. Chiya learned the other 6 from him, and gave them back to Rebbi.
2. Version #1: When Rebbi would see the launderer, he would say, 'You made me and R. Chiya (complete in Torah)'.
3. Version #2: He would say, 'You made R. Chiya, and R. Chiya made me'.
(a) (R. Aleksandri): The miracle done for a sick person (that recovers) is greater than the miracle done for Chananyah, Misha'el and Azaryah.
1. The fire they entered was manmade, and anyone could extinguish it; the fire of a sick person is from Hash-m - who can extinguish it?!
(b) (R. Aleksandri or R. Yehoshua Ben Levi): Once a person's time to die comes, everything rules over him - "Any (being) that finds me will kill me".
1. (Rav): We learn this from "To your judgments they stand today, for they are all your slaves".
(c) They told Rabah Bar Shilo that a tall man is about to die. He was riding on a small mule. When he was crossing a bridge, the mule went crazy and threw him in the water. As he was dying, he said about himself "To your judgments they stand today".
(d) Shmuel saw a scorpion on top of a frog. The frog took it across a river; the scorpion bit a person, and he died - "To your judgments they stand today".
(a) (Shmuel): The only sick person one should visit is one with a fever.
(b) Question: What does he come to exclude?
(c) Answer (Beraisa - R. Yosi Ben Parta): We do not visit those with intestinal sickness, nor those with eye problems, nor those with headaches.
(d) Question: Why not?
1. We understand regarding intestinal sickness - he is embarrassed to have visitors!
2. But those with eye problems and headaches - why not visit them?
(e) Answer: As Rav Yehudah said - speaking hurts the eyes and head.
(f) (Rava): If a fever was not the agent of the angel of death, a monthly fever would protect a person as Lulavim (Rosh - moss) around a palm tree and as medicine for the body.

(g) (Rav Nachman Bar Yitzchak): We desire nor fevers nor their benefits.
(h) (Rabah Bar Yonason): Arsan helps cure a sick person.
(i) Question: What is Arsan?
(j) Answer (R. Yonason): Barley without the shell.
1. (Abaye): It must be cooked as ox meat.
(k) (R. Yochanan): We do not visit those with Bordam (a flowing of blood; some explain, diarrhea), and we do not mention them.
1. (R. Elazar): This is because it is as a flowing spring (and he is embarrassed).
2. It is called Bordam for it is as Bor Dam (a well of blood).
(a) (Mishnah): He may cure his body ...
(b) Question: What is the difference between bodily and monetary healing?
1. Suggestion: Bodily healing means for free; monetary, for wages.
2. Rejection: If so, the Mishnah should say, he may heal him for free, but not for wages!
(c) Answer: Rather, bodily means himself; monetary means his animal.
1. (Rav Zutra Bar Tuvya): (Even regarding his animal), he may tell him which medicines will help, and which will hurt.
(a) Reuven vowed not to get benefit from Shimon. He may bathe with him in a big bathtub, not in a small one;
(b) He may sleep with him in a bed; R. Yehudah says, in winter he may not, for he benefits him;
(c) He may sit with him on a bed, and eat with him at a table, but he may not eat with him from a platter;
1. He may eat with him from a platter that returns.
(d) (Gemara - Beraisa - R. Meir): He may not bathe with him in a bathtub, nor sleep with him in a bed, whether big or small; R. Yehudah says, a large bed is permitted in winter, and even a small bed in summer;
(e) He may bathe with him in a big bathtub, and perspire with him even in a small steambath.
(f) (Mishnah): He may sit with him on a bed, and eat with him at a table, but he may not eat with him from a platter; he may eat with him from a platter that returns.
1. (R. Yosi Bar Chanina): This means a platter that returns to the host (who refills it).
(g) (Mishnah - R. Meir): He may not eat with him from a food bin set out in front of workers; he may not plow with him in the same row;
1. Chachamim say, if he is far from him, this is permitted.
(h) (Gemara): All agree that they may not plow close together; they only argue when they are far apart.
1. R. Meir decrees on account of the case when they are close, for then Shimon softens the ground for Reuven; Chachamim do not decree.
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