POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
Ask A Question on the daf
Previous daf Nedarim 37
1) WAGES FOR TEACHING TORAH
(a) Answer: We learn that even where wages are paid both for
written Torah and Medrash, one may only take for teaching
written Torah, not for Medrash.
(b) Rhetorical question: Why can't he take for Medrash?
(c) Answer: "Hash-m commanded me to teach you"; "I taught you
statutes and laws as Hash-m commanded me".
1. Just as I taught you for free, you must teach for
(d) Question: This should also show that written Torah must
be taught for free!
(e) Answer #1 (Rav): One may receive wages for watching the
(f) Answer #2 (R. Yochanan): One may receive wages for
teaching the cantillation.
(g) (Mishnah): Reuven may not teach Shimon written Torah.
1. We understand this according to R. Yochanan,
(h) Question: According to Rav, does one pay for watching an
(i) Answer: The case is, Shimon is a minor.
(j) Objection: But the end of the Mishnah says, he may teach
Shimon's children written Torah - if Shimon is a minor,
he cannot have children!
(k) Answer: The Mishnah is abbreviated; the full Mishnah
says: Reuven may not teach Shimon written Torah; this is
when Shimon is a minor. If Shimon is an adult, Reuven may
teach him and his children.
(l) Question (Beraisa): Children do not learn new things on
Shabbos, but they may do the 1st review of what they
1. This fits well according to the opinion that wages
are taken for teaching the cantillation.
2. Question: According to the opinion that wages are
for watching the children - why can't they learn new
things, but may review?
i. The same wages for watching them apply when
3. Counter-question: This is also difficult if wages
are for teaching the cantillation - one may receive
wages for work done on Shabbos together with wages
for work done during the week!
i. (Beraisa): One who hires a worker to guard a
child, a red heifer, or plants (all needed for
Hekdesh) - he does not receive wages for
Shabbos; therefore, if they were lost (or
became Tamei), he is exempt;
2) COMPONENTS OF WRITTEN TORAH
ii. If he was hired by the week, month, year or
Shemitah cycle, he receives wages for Shabbos;
therefore, he must pay if they are lost.
4. Answer #1 (to question and counter-question):
Rather, they do not learn new things on Shabbos so
that their fathers can enjoy Shabbos with their
5. Answer #2: They do not learn new things on Shabbos
because they are less alert because they eat and
i. (Shmuel): Change in routine is the start of
(a) Question: Why didn't R. Yochanan answer as Rav?
(b) Answer: Girls to not need to be watched (yet one may
receive wages for teaching them).
(c) Question: Why didn't Rav answer as R. Yochanan?
(d) Answer: Rav holds, the cantillation is also mid'Oraisa.
1. (Rav): "They read in the Sefer Torah of Hash-m,
explicitly; they put their minds and understood the
written Torah": "They read in the Sefer Torah of
Hash-m" - this is the written Torah;
(e) (R. Yitzchak): The following are traditions from Moshe
from Sinai: vowelization; embellishments in the text;
words which are read but not written, or written but not
2. "Explicitly" - this is the (Arameic translation);
3. "They put their minds" - these are the divisions
4. "And they understood the written Torah" - this is
i. Some say, this is the tradition of extra or
1. Vowelization - e.g. when "Eretz" has the
cantillation Asnachta, it is pronounced "Aretz"; we
read "Shamayim", "Mitzrayim", not 'Shamim, Mitzrim'.
2. Embellishments in the text - such as "After(wards)
you will pass", "After" is only there to embellish
3. Words which are read but not written - such as
"Paras" (by "In his going").
4. Words that are written but not read - such as "Na"