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Nedarim 22

NEDARIM 22 - this Daf has been dedicated by Rabbi Eli Turkel of Ra'anana, Israel, to the memory of his father, Reb Yisrael Shimon ben Shlomo ha'Levi Turkel (Yarhzeit: 10 Av).


(a) The woman: No.
1. R. Yochanan permitted the vow.
(b) The grandson of the elder R. Yanai came before the elder R. Yanai to permit a vow.
1. R. Yanai: Had you known that because of your vow, the Heavenly Beis Din will open your case and scrutinize your deeds, would you have vowed?
2. His grandson: No.
i. R. Yanai permitted the vow.
(c) (R. Aba): R. Yanai learned that a vow causes one's deeds to be scrutinized from "After vows, to investigate".
1. Even though R. Yanai used this to prompt regret, we do not use it.
(d) Also, we do not prompt regret as the following case.
1. (R. Gamliel): "One can damage as a sword through his utterance, but the language of Chachamim heals" - anyone that vows is fitting to be pierced by a sword, but Chachamim can cure him (by annulling the vow).
(e) Also, we do not prompt regret with the following teaching.
1. (R. Noson): One who vows is as one who builds a private Altar (when they are forbidden); one who fulfills the vow (i.e. and does not annul it) is as one who offers a sacrifice on it.
2. We do prompt regret with the 1st half of the teaching.
3. (Abaye): We may also use the 2nd.half.
4. (Rava): We may not use the 2nd half.
i. The law is, we may not use either half.
(f) Also, we do not prompt regret with Shmuel's teaching.
1. (Shmuel): Even though one fulfills the vow, he is called wicked.
2. (R. Avahu): This is learned from "When you will refrain from vowing, there will not be sin in you".
i. We learn from a Gezeirah Shaveh "cease-cease".
ii. Here it says, "When you will cease from vowing"; another verse says "There, the wicked ceased from rage".
(g) (Rav Yosef): A Mishnah teaches that one who vows is called wicked.
1. (Mishnah): One who vows 'As vows of proper people", this is not a vow; "As vows of the wicked", this is a vow, be it a vow of Nezirus, to bring a sacrifice, or an oath.
(a) (R. Shmuel Bar Nachmani): Anyone that gets angry, all types of Gehenom rule over him - "Remove anger from your heart, and purge evil from your flesh".
1. "Evil" refers to Gehenom - "Hash-m did everything for his praise; also a wicked one, on his evil day (will be a praise of Hash-m)".
2. Also, Tachtoniyos (abdominal pains) rule over him - "Hash-m will give you there a raging heart, longing eyes and a worried soul".
i. What makes the eyes yearn and the soul worried? Tachtoniyos.
(b) 2 people from Bei Chuzai accompanied Ula when he came to Eretz Yisrael. One slaughtered the other, and asked Ula if this was proper.
1. Ula: Yes - open his neck.
2. Question (Ula): Did I sin by condoning a sinner?
3. Answer (R. Yochanan): No - you saved your life!
4. Question (R. Yochanan): How can this be - "*There* (in Chutz La'aretz) you will have a raging heart"!
5. Answer (Ula): At the time, we were on the other side of the Yarden (in Chutz La'aretz).

(c) (Rabah Bar Rav Huna): Anyone that gets angry, even the Divine Presence is not important to him - "An evil one, at the height of his anger, does not seek - in his plans, he ignores Hash-m".
(d) (R. Yirmiyah from Difti): (Anger makes him) forget his learning and increase foolishness.
1. "Anger will rest in the lap of fools"; "A fool will spread his foolishness".
(e) (Rav Nachman Bar Yitzchak): Clearly, his sins outnumber his merits - "An angry person has great transgressions".
(f) (Rav Ada b'Rebbi Chanina): Had Yisrael not sinned, we would only have received the 5 books of the Torah and the book of Yehoshua; the latter is needed for the boundaries of the tribes in Eretz Yisrael.
(g) Question: Why?
(h) Answer: "In great Chachmah (the other prophets and holy writings) is the great anger of Hash-m (over Yisrael's sins)".
(a) (R. Asi): Only 1 vow (some explain, an oath) in which was mentioned the L-rd of Yisrael do we permit.
1. This is a man that vowed that his wife should not benefit from him because she stole his wallet or hit his son, and he later learned that he was mistaken.
(b) A woman came before Rav Asi; she had vowed by the L-rd of Yisrael.
1. Rav Asi: Had you vowed with Mohi (i.e. sworn), which is not an actual name of Hash-m, I would (Ran - not) have dealt with you (to annul the oath); now that you swore using 'the L-rd of Yisrael', I will (Ran - certainly) not deal with you.
(c) Rav Kahana visited the house of Rav Yosef.
1. Rav Yosef: Eat something.
2. Rav Kahana: (By the name of) the L-rd of everything, I will not eat!
3. Rav Yosef: No - (by the name of) the L-rd of everything, you will not eat!
(d) We understand why Rav Kahana swore (so Rav Yosef would not persist to ask him to eat).
1. Question: Why did Rav Yosef swear?
2. Answer: He did not swear - rather, he said, since you said 'L-rd of everything', you will not eat.
(e) (Rava): The law is, we annul vows through regret, and we annul vows taken with 'L-rd of Yisrael'.
(a) Rava was praising Rav Schorah in front of Rav Nachman; Rav Schorah came before Rav Nachman with a vow to annul.
1. Rav Nachman suggested things which Rav Schorah might have overlooked when he vowed; each time, Rav Schorah said that he vowed having that thing in mind.
2. Rav Nachman was disturbed. 'Go home' (I cannot annul your vow).
(b) Rav Schorah found an opening to permit his own vow.
1. (Mishnah): Rebbi says, which is the straight way that a man should choose? Whatever is glory to his Maker and glory to him from people.
2. Rav Schorah: I did not vow with intent that this would upset Rav Nachman!
3. R. Shimon b'Rebbi came before Chachamim to permit a vow. They suggested things which he might have overlooked when he vowed; each time, he said that he vowed having that thing in mind.
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